There is a song of the dog world, has a Japanese motif, and it is called Akita Inu. People love them start smiling the mere mention of the breed. The advantage - that's the word that allows us to give a brief description of the dog. Akita Inu even 70 years ago recognized as a national heritage monument of Japan and the nature of this country. A lot of species from Japan is well respected among the breeders, however, all of them compete with Akitas simply can not afford. It is this breed is able to get national recognition, and to date no one dog was unable to repeat its success.
From Akita exude fluids strength combined with imperiousness and nobility. It is felt in the way she looks, how to move, in her posture, landing head, torso and even plastic tail that curled defiantly. The dogs belonging to this breed are the ideal proportions, characterized by a refined appearance and a gorgeous view, a matter of respect. And all this despite the fact that this breed of dog rather dense physique.
The reason for its popularity is growing, not only its appearance, it is also due to its fascinating character. In Akita temperament and courage combine perfectly with obedience and restraint. That these dogs were favored brave Japanese samurai clan. According to them, only in Akita has reflected fully deserved them. The presence of Akita in the protection of the Japanese emperor was obligatory.
Of great interest is the history of the Akita Inu. Total in the world has fourteen species belonging to the oldest, and the Akita Inu is one of them. And this statement is scientific evidence obtained as a result of a careful study of pedigree dogs and genetic research. In addition, evidence that the breed has ancient roots are the remains found during archaeological excavations in the territory which belongs to modern Japan. Their age is determined by the putative second millennium BC. Archeologists managed to find ancient rock paintings, where there is a picture of a dog, outside his views quite strongly resembling the appearance Akitas.
The choice of name for this breed, the Japanese did not take too much time. If you make a translation of Akita Inu, you get a dog with a mountainous province, which is located on the northern tip of Honshu. The appearance of the first animals with the current appearance dates back to XVII century, and the appearance remains unchanged to this day. As beloved pets considered good form in the content of their houses belonging to the most influential public figures, persons of royal nobility, and in the palaces of the emperors.
Akita Inu belongs to those few dog breeds that is a true thoroughbred, that is, without the addition of other bloodlines. Initially, these dogs are excellent guards and great hunters in the farms of peasants. However, in the XVII century there was a change of breed social class, and it became an elite. In Japan, even passed a law on the basis of which any man who dared to kill or even cause resentment Akitas were threatened with severe punishment. After a certain time these dogs were made available exclusively by imperial families and those who belonged to the ruling aristocracy.
Of course, this could not affect how is the development of the breed in general. Each dog had its own personal servant, and also practiced the use of a special type of leads, coupled with a collar that will allow to determine the rank of a dog and to understand what is the social status of its owner. It is believed that the ancestors of the Akita is necessary to consider the Chinese Spitz-like dog and mastiff. However, there is also a version of this that their appearance beautiful Akita should be grateful mixing mastiff with Siberian Husky. But, despite the fact that there are some similarities akita husky Russian, still nothing in them, of course not.
In Japan in the XIX century it was literally overrun by a very large number of dogs of other breeds. The Japanese wanted to have rock features more aggression, able to perform not only the protection of family members, but they owned the property. Today, you can not say with certainty that it was incest had some effect on the characteristics of Akita and its appearance. Over the past fifty years, there have been some changes in the Akita Inu. Their complexion has become a powerful and solid, and the nature of aggression and there was enough hot temper.
Akita Inu is the epitome of harmony in all matters. All its appearance suggests that this breed of dog, no doubt, refers to a typical representative of Eastern culture. Their characteristic features are the following:
However, under the guise of the visible presence of an ardent temperament. If Akitas surround people close to her, then there is an instantaneous transformation that turns it into an active and continuously ready to communicate each other.
To conquer this man, "the Japanese treasures" just look at him. His slanted differing expressive eyes read wisdom. Skeptics may say that the Akita Inu no expressive elements in addition to the extraordinary face and entangled the tail. But this statement is not true. It differs from many other dogs powerful torso, and proud bearing.
About Akita boundless devotion to his master and friend, history shows that took place back in 1925. The dog was given the nickname of Hachiko. The house is owned by a Japanese professor settled Akita Inu puppy two months old. The owner is very fond of his pet. As an adult dog Hachiko every day accompanied his master to the train station and back. However, it so happened that the professor died from an acute heart attack before reaching home. And over eleven years of faithful dog went on to prove the power of his love and devotion. On the whole of this time, he came every day to the station to wait for the owner, who found he was not destined. After the death of Hachiko, thanks to funds raised by people at Shibuya train station, which is located in a suburb of Tokyo, a monument Hachiko.
Akita Inu is very well built. It is very strong, muscular, sturdy dog, which is characterized by heavy and flat head with a short muzzle, a bit like a bear. Her body is slightly stretched and the chest is broad and flat, back straight.
It would seem that this dog is a classic shape, but its appearance is very original. Eyes, ears and wide forehead make her look like at the same time on the bear, wolf and fox. Akita from nature has a high growth (67 to 74 cm). It is the largest among all the Spitz-like dog.
The breed standard: basic characteristics
Country of origin - Japan.
The former name of the breed - Japanese dog.
General appearance: large dog with a well balanced and strong constitution, the backbone of heavy, powerful muscles, a broad head a little blunt in the form of a triangle, a small manhole, erect ears open.
Temperament and behavior: friendly, wary, careful, brave and obedient, with a highly developed sense of self-esteem.
Head: large, but proportional to the body. When viewed from above, the shape of the head resembles a blunt triangle Akita.
Skull: Wide and flat between the ears and between the eyes is a depression in the ground, much of the setting on the forehead.
Nose: Black and large lobe, small pigmentation is permitted only for dogs of white color.
Lips: Black, tightly fitting the jaw; pink tongue.
Ears: compared to the size of the head Akitas ears are quite small, open stand. The tip of the ear must reach to the eye, if you tilt it slightly forward. Ears in the shape of a triangle, but the ends are slightly rounded.
Eyes: eyes small, triangular, not prominent, dark brown in color (regardless of the primary color). The eyelids are black.
Neck is thick enough with a powerful musculature. Short, the minimum suspension toward the shoulders gradually expanded.
Skin: not too close to the body, but not too loose. The ability to easily folds.
Back: straight and level, loins muscular.
Chest: well developed, wide and deep.
Tail: big, overgrown with hair, set on high, carried slightly curled and curled over the back, in rare cases, holding down the back, wrapped up three-quarters of the ring, the tip while droops to one side. The coat is long and rough.
Limbs: front - powerful and straight, rear - are powerful and broad, slightly placed to the side.
Feet: cat, straight, thick crumb, bulging knuckles.
Coat: double, with a thick and soft undercoat. The top coat is slightly longer than the undercoat and a lot rougher. The average length of wool around the torso 5 cm. On the tail and on the belly a little longer.
Color: Color can be any (white, red, yellow, etc.). Chance brindle or piebald. Any color is clean and clear without streaks. Available spots should be a clear outline and blur. Color of undercoat may differ slightly from the basic hair.
Dimensions: height at withers in males from 66 to 71 cm, females - 61-66 cm.
From the moment that was "created" modern Akita, with its unique and recognizable appearance, it actually evolved. At the moment in the world there are several varieties that appeared by crossing Akita with a German Shepherd. These major changes have taken place with the dog still the middle of last century. At that time it was known 3 types of Akita Betta, herding and hunting. But around the same time, the dog handlers decided to recreate the original appearance of Akita, to return to her natural qualities and to restore the pure blood. The result of long and hard work was the modern Japanese Akita, which is now known worldwide.
There are red and brindle Akita. Bred only in a few areas of Japan, but common among many breeders around the world. Brindle admits the presence of black, red or white. Red Akita - a red dog with white spots on the feet, face and abdomen.
White Akita has been bred in the mid-20th century. The dog should be all white except for the black nose.
American Akita - a large and stocky dog. Many Russian breeders prefer this species.
The nature of Akita combines many positive qualities that there are dogs of other breeds. It's amazing, but the Akita Inu has virtually no bad traits. Since childhood, these dogs are playful, mischievous and fun. In this breed there are no changes in mood and spontaneous outbreaks of aggression. The dog has a well-balanced temperament, thanks to which the Akita Inu in any situation, capable of self "to keep his feet." Before you rush into battle, or embark on a host, Akita Inu carefully studying the situation, assess their next steps and possible consequences. This dog is very clever, we can even say that it was a wisdom accumulated over many centuries.
Among the negative features of this dog's nature may be noted great curiosity, which is associated with a desire to know what is happening around her. In Akita is very beautiful and interesting nose, which can feel everything and everyone in every corner of the house. Akita heard the sound or noise will be immediately on the scene and try to find the problem. When the dog matures, these qualities are to a certain extent it loses.
Well-bred Akita is a wonderful friend and may even become a full-fledged "member of the family." For single people, this dog will be a real companion and a friend, because it has a very friendly character. If you have kids, the Akita will become for them a real friend.
Among the main features of this breed should be noted its special personality. Akita can successfully demonstrate their intelligence, but for this it is necessary to participate in the dog's life from the very first months. Akita Inu Puppy can count up to two years of age. Paying attention to the dog correctly dealing with it, as well as satisfying her curiosity, you can be sure that as a result you can get a dedicated and intelligent pet.
After akita cross the threshold of puppyhood, it becomes an adult expressing self-discipline and restraint. Akita Inu becomes quiet, and her whole appearance spoke of her independence. However, it should be noted that its confident behavior, silent and serene look is only a mask that hides a very sensitive, friendly and gentle animal.
Akita is friends with all members of the family, but the people need to treat your pet with respect, responding to his caresses. This breed of dog is very appreciate to respect and care, but it is very easy to offend. Although at first glance it may seem that the Akita does not want to listen to others, however, it is not. This dog breed is not prone to s willful and dirty tricks. This dog with proper upbringing will always be submissive and obedient.
For its potential enemies and strangers Akita hides disbelief. She does not put their alertness and vigilance show. Everything becomes much more difficult when there is another dog. Even if it is a new pet or a neighbor's dog, the Akita will always see your enemy, who is trying to break its own territory. In this case, the Akita could not hide his own aggression, and can immediately rush into the fray. It is perhaps an innate sense of its dominance over other dogs. This is another negative trait Akita Inu, when it can not even stop the favorite host.
It should be noted that the decision to have an Akita Inu does not need to worry about the costs associated with its maintenance and care. In this regard, this breed of dog is picky. Akita can successfully contain the street and in the apartment. She is so warm and thick wool that will not freeze even in the severe frosts in the street. However, having decided to leave this winter dog on the street, it should still provide for it in a nice booth are more or less insulated floor.
Some non-professional dog breeders of species with which they share the square footage of the apartment, it is imperative to know that this dog must necessarily to walk twice a day and not less than two hours. Akita while walking very reserved, proud and calm. However, if it is met by their relatives, it will not run away and frolic with them. Living in an apartment, this breed of dog is usually not able to get exercise. But it is necessary to pay attention and not allow it to gain weight. In this case, the pet may become rebellious and lazy.
If we consider the care of the dog's fur, there is too much trouble will not. Suffice to spend two days a week to get rid of tangles and conduct a thorough combing. During molting may experience some difficulties. Akita is required during this period some assistance. To speed up the update process wool and alleviate suffering, you will need to comb out the dog every day a special brush.
This breed of dog does not like swimming. Frequent water treatment can lead to various diseases. Akita only a few times a year is enough to bathe. It should only use special detergents that are designed specifically for dogs. After bathing, the dog's coat should be thoroughly dried with a towel or hairdryer.
For Akita supply procedure is necessary to approach quite closely and seriously, like any other animal. It is strictly forbidden to feed Akita from the table. The most optimal nutrition will be competently selected dry food. It is possible, of course, to combine it with a conventional, but at the same time balanced feed. For example, several times a week Akita can feed low-fat yogurt or cottage cheese, vegetable broth or lean meat. In the dry feed which is intended for dogs already contains all vitamins and minerals. The dog should always have access to fresh and clean water. During molting, diet should be combined with special additives, which will promote the normal growth of healthy hair.
If you have seriously decided to engage in professional training and education of Akita, we must be prepared to some problems related to the dog's disobedience. To do this, of course, you need to stock up on a lot of patience and have a lot of free time, because the Akita is a fairly willful, independent and proud dog with a fairly tough minded.
That is why we should recall the replica of one of the heroes of the popular feature film that tells the story of a dog named Hachiko, "a true Japanese Akita Inu, which will bring you to the ball only when it will have to do a good reason." Just, so if you have only recently become breeders, this session you will be able to seem impossible.
To educate Akita, you need to be gentle, but at the same time absolutely consistent. It should be raising this dog to be both solid and flexible. However, if the dog will feel authoritarianism, some rude and pressure with your hand, it may enter into a specific depression or withdraw, experiencing a small stress as a result of this situation. Because of this, Akita before executing the command, will be a kind of disoriented and not the fact that it will perform the task of you. It may seem that the Akita Inu sense does not see the request host. Akita puppy should be brought up with age or from the time when she appeared in your home. At the first stage the first priority is to instill respect for the dog to your family, and if possible get rid of bad habits possible.
Adult Akita becomes the age of two. If you hesitated, and came to the conclusion that the dog should be raised just after that age - you're wrong. With this age to instill some positive habits and skills you just do not get - at a time in Akita has realized the formation of his own opinion about everything at the same time to convince her in a completely opposite would be almost impossible. Especially because if time does not engage in training, dog training and training of the breed, it will be impossible to create a fitting level of intelligence, who loved and appreciated all over the world.
It should make it clear to the dog that the owner of a house is you, but the dog is also your friend. Akita should feel equal with you, but it is not worth it to allow excess. We must try to convey to her how she should treat your family and friends and not very familiar people. During the training of this dog breed should know that reflex positive advantageously may affect reflexes and habits Akita Inu. Should be encouraged every successful command execution with kind words and a variety of sweets and goodies.
It is important to pay special attention to the socialization of puppy Akita Inu. Since this dog is born is born of dominant animals, even the little puppy will try to "crush" under itself any oncoming dog. However, when providing sensitive management of his master, even the little puppy will become a kind and sympathetic friend.