American Akita

Основное фото: 
акита
Дополнительныое фото: 
Акита фото
Акита порода
Акита описание

Information and History

Общие данные и История породы: 

For several years in the world there is a special phenomenon. It Hachiko. That was the name most faithful dog, almost never leaves his friend. The Japanese, who taught at the University of Tokyo, to get to work by train, and Hachiko used to see him in the mornings and evenings to wait at the station. But the owner did not return, and Hachiko and continued to walk towards the usual way to meet the owner. They are no longer met. He survived a professor of almost 10 years. Because of Hachiko, the world learned that there is such a thing - fidelity in love, and in Japan there are dog - an Akita Inu.

Most of the doggies in Japan had a resemblance Akita. It is a compact medium-sized dog, with dense fur and funny, wrapped in a ring, the tail. Triangular ears sticking out, alike in several Akitas with the appearance of the breed husky. But many Akita on faces grew long strands; of the dogs I had a blue tongue. But this is a minor variety, if it is only about the size or color. Scientists believe akita- Inu most ancient local breed dogs. Thus, the image of clay, found by archaeologists date back two thousand years.

These ancient dogs resemble Akita. It is believed that they were obtained by crossing dogs from the northern part of the country with more powerful rocks go, it comes from China. Hachiko ancestors have always been popular and loved in Japan, especially in the north-west of the country. There are documentary sources of the sixth century, in which carefully specifies how to breed and raise dogs to hunt with them. More powerful prepared to meet deer, wild boar, and even by the owner of the forest - a bear.

These ancient dogs resemble Akita. It is believed that they were obtained by crossing dogs from the northern part of the country with more powerful rocks go, it comes from China. Hachiko ancestors have always been popular and loved in Japan, especially in the north - west of the country. There are documentary sources of the sixth century, in which carefully specifies how to breed and raise dogs to hunt with them. More powerful prepared to meet deer, wild boar, and even by the owner of the forest - a bear.

Neat the Japanese 300 years earlier than their counterparts in Europe, began to record the information in the book about their breeding dogs. The purity of the breed was very important, and the researchers sincerely appreciate their ancestral species. To preserve the purity of the species in the 16th century the Japanese had developed a classification of dogs as the country in various ways, through Asia, we began to enter European breeds. The classification did not differ ingenuity: the dogs were divided into workers, domestic and imported. The foreign copies are not allowed were selected. However, regardless of the classification of dogs have additional functions. In the Tokugawa era Akitas learned to be excellent guards, protecting the house from thieves and master's family - by dashing men. With its warm coat, Akitas can live even in the winter outdoors, be true watchmen.

As before, the Akita Inu trained for hunting bears and other animals. In other words, this is truly a unique breed, easily understood methods and regularly performing many duties. 19th century discovered the Akita quite different possibilities. Japan has made a variety of Conquest breed by crossing with aliens from Europe: British Mastiff, Tibetan mastiff, and St. Bernard. These rocks have been little in common with the locals. In 1908, fighting forbidden by law, but the dogs continued to withdraw secretly, and they cost very expensive, its weight in gold.

Genuine Akitas to the beginning of the 20th century were only in distant villages where they also successfully dealt with the protection of homes and hunting big game. After the signing of the agreement on the opening of Japan's ports to the United States in 1854, the country was made available to foreigners. Some were taken and their dogs. Concern for the preservation of local Akitas at the moment few people are worried, hence, the number of pure breed was gradually reduced.

The situation began to change for the better in 1920, when the government is concerned about the fate of this breed. Established organization "Conservation Society native Japanese breeds" immediately returned to rule the tribal record books. The innovation was the exhibition of dogs, one of which the Akita Inu, and has been recognized by the Japanese native breed.

With the onset of World War II, this priceless work has been virtually abandoned. Authentic Japanese Akita has become much smaller. Military long time to get accustomed to the warm and soft fur animals, and Akitas began ruthlessly exterminated sew sheepskin coats. The government was extremely outraged. Politicians began to control the number of Akita in the country. The work was complicated by the fact that the concept of "Akita" and comprised Fighting dogs and Akita Shepherd and Matagi who were able to preserve the characteristics of the ancient Japanese dogs.

To reappeared Akitas were carefully sampled without impurities European breeds. These animals gave birth to renewed breed. The diligent work of the initiators of the renewal of Akita ended in 1963. The restored breed was recognized documented Japanese Kennel Club.

Americans this wonderful dog also does not leave anyone indifferent. A sufficient number of interesting new dogs were forwarded to the United States, focused on the largest models. Beautiful and capable dog immediately gained popularity among American experts. Already in 1956 the first club Breeders Akita Inu. However, the way they vary greatly from the east. The Japanese wanted to preserve the original characteristics of the breed, while the Americans were trying to make a new dog. They got it in 1960.

Note that the modern Akita Inu, Japanese and American, differ significantly from the ancient Japanese counterparts. Want to see for yourself? Look for stuffed dog Hachiko at the Museum of Natural Sciences in Tokyo. And the old dogs were even more fierce - they hunted wild animals and watchmen were canceled.

At European Akita own destiny. It fell, and Japanese and American models. During the exhibitions they were regarded as representatives of the same breed. However, by the end of 1980, Japanese experts have decided to put an end to this story. They strongly undecided on the question of the appearance of their Akitas. Now the Akita is close to Spitz-like dogs with a head like a fox. In addition, further breeding dogs removed with a black mask and spotted fur, which sometimes appeared at the North American Akitas with bear faces traits.

In 1996, almost all countries recognize that they are different species. However, this distinction is not valid in North America and the UK. In these countries, often used in breeding dogs of both types.

Breed standard

Стандарт породы: 

General view:

large, powerfully built dog, well balanced, strong and durable addition (with considerable substance) and heavy boned.
To breed characteristic broad head in the form of an obtuse-angled triangle with deep muzzle, relatively small eyes and erect ears that are almost in line with the back of the neck.

Important proportions:

  • The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 9 to 10 in males and 9 to 11 in bitches.
  • The depth of chest is half the height at the withers.
  • The ratio of the distance from tip of nose to stop and the distance from the stop to the occiput is 2: 3.

Behavior and temperament.
The character:

The friendly, receptive, with a strong sense of self-worth, docile and courageous.

Head:
Massive, but proportional to the body, in a quiet state with no wrinkles. When viewed from above has the shape of obtuse-angled triangle.

Cranial department:

  • Skull: Flat and broad between the ears. A shallow furrow between the eyes is much goes to the forehead.
  • Stop: Well marked, but not too abrupt.

Face Front:

  • Nose: Large and black. Slight and diffuse depigmentation is permitted only with white coat color, with a black nose is preferable.
  • Muzzle: Broad, deep and filled.
  • Lips: Black. Not pendulous; pink tongue.
  • Jaws / Teeth: Jaws not rounded, but blunt, strong and powerful. Teeth strong, regularly arranged, in it's entirety; scissor bite preferred, it is not permitted direct.
  • Eyes: Dark - brown, relatively small, not prominent, almost triangular in shape. Eyelids close fitting, black.
  • Ears: stand firmly, relatively small size of the head. If the ear tilted forward, the tip of the upper eyelid concerns. Ears are triangular in shape, with slightly rounded edges, wide at the bottom, is not set too low. When viewed from the side, the ears are tilted forward to the eyes, continuing the line of the neck.
  • Neck: Thick and muscular with minimal dewlap, comparatively short, gradually widening to shoulders. Expressed scruff smoothly into the base of the skull head.

Housing:The length of the body exceeds the height at the withers. Skin not too thin, not too tight nor too loose.

  • Back: flat (straight).
  • Loin: with hard muscles.
  • Chest: broad and deep. Ribs well arched, well-developed sternum.
  • Belly: Moderately tucked up.

Tail:a large, well-overgrown, set high, carried over back or stretched along the body, forms three-quarters of the ring is always on the back or below the level of back. If the tail is wrapped by three quarters, the tip is much hanging on the side. The base of the tail of a large and powerful. In the expanded state of the last caudal vertebra reaches to the hock. The hair on the tail of coarse, straight and dense, with no tail takes the form of a pen.

Extremities:

  • The forelegs:: with strong bones, seen from the front - straight.
  • Shoulders: Strong and powerful with moderate slope.
  • Pasterns slightly inclined forward at an angle of about 15 'from the vertical.
  • The hindquarters: with powerful muscles, and bony width comparable to the forelimbs. Dewclaws on hind legs cropped conventionally.
  • Thighs: Strong, well developed, parallel when viewed from behind.
  • Stifle: Moderately pronounced.
  • Hocks short, parallel (turning neither in nor out).
  • Feet: cat feet, aimed directly with bulging knuckles and thick crumb.

Movement:
Powerful, with moderate reach and drive. The hind legs are moving in the same plane as the front. Back in the movement remains strong, firm and flat.

Coat:

  • HAIR: Double coat. The undercoat is thick. Soft, thick, shorter than outer coat. Outer coat straight, rough / tough, lags behind the body. On the head, lower legs and ears the hair is short. The length of hair on withers and croup approximately 5 cm, the rest of the body is somewhat longer; on the tail hair longest and abundant.
  • Color: Any color, such as red, yellow, white, etc .; It can also be brindle or piebald. All colors are clean and bright markings are well balanced, can be present mask or blaze. In dogs, a solid white color mask is missing. Dogs piebald color on a white background is uniformly distributed large patches covering the head and more than one third of the housing. Color of undercoat may differ from the color of top coat.

Size: Height at the withers: Males: 66 - 71 cm (26 -28 inches). Female 61 - 66 cm (24 -26 inches).

<Weaknesses:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness estimated in exact proportion to its degree:

  • Deviation from sex type (male or female type in the bitch in doggy style.
  • or constrained by narrow muzzle.
  • The lack of any tooth (except 2 of the PM1 and / or M3).
  • Language blue or black spots.
  • Light eyes.
  • short tail.
  • Out at the elbows in or out.
  • Any signs "vorotika" or feathering.
  • Shyness or viciousness.

Vices:

  • Light substance.
  • Lightweight backbone.

Disqualifications:

  • Completely depigmented nose. Nose to the depigmented patches («butterfly»).
  • Hanging ears or semi-erect.
  • or overshot mouth.
  • The tail bent in the form of a sickle or bent.
  • Male less than 63.5 cm (25 inches), less than a bitch of 58.5 cm (23 inches) at the withers. N.B. Males should have two normal testicles fully descended

Character

Характер: 

American Akita- independent, dignified dog, unobtrusive and silent, strong, brave and very proud, a born leader.

Akita does not tolerate violence and coercion, education Akita is a challenge, but worth it. If you find the right approach to your dog, it will amaze you with their intellect. Akitas have an excellent memory, if she remembered something the team forever. Similarly, she remembers their abusers, and when the opportunity necessarily revenge. If you unjustly wronged his Akita, it will be a very long time if you hit dutsya.A Akita, you probably end up being an enemy, and will never know how much this dog serdtse.Pomnite that Akitas are very proud, and they have a long memory ...

Akita mostly little bark, and only in the case, for example, if the gate is approaching stranger. There are certainly barking akita, but is rather an exception to the rule. More often than not, there are some owners whose voice is heard once a year or even less frequently.

But Akitas are able to "talk" .They grumble, wheeze, snort, (such as my very expressively says "boo").

Akita friendly to people. They allow themselves to be stroked regally complete strangers, but at the same time, a special familiarity not tolerate .I noticed that my dog ​​is well versed in the people-if a person is something not like Akita removed from the outstretched hand, reduces communication to a minimum and Here's a good person, and she smiles and hands polizhet .... (Note, this is outside their territory. On its territory to foreign Akita is suspicious, barks, showing teeth-as a security guard working fine, but no harm. Akita bites a person should not be , its task is to delay) Conventionally, a certain age Akita itself becomes at protecting its territory without training.

The owner at the Akita is still one. Other members of the family dog, too, will love, perhaps even perform some of their team, but this is the case, if it is possible to build up the hierarchical ladder. It is therefore important to set clear priorities in the education of your puppy to a dog in your absence does not remain "in charge."

Akita dog mood. She is funny and sad, wistful (all in itself) and excited, is able to protest everything is helpful and diligent (all to you, the beloved host), and is independent (I live alone and no I do not need) respectively, mood changes and behavior.

Too many Akita Lizunov. My zatselovali our children to pieces, well, I, respectively. And the rest Akita restrained in the manifestation of their chuvst. Sometimes the most dog expresses his joy so easy povilivaniem tail. Akita will never screeched to jump on you with joy, dirtying clothes (if they Akita and jumps, then so neatly, without touching the host and compressing legs under him and smiling smirk, they still are ...)

Akita -dominantnye dog, always ready to prove their superiority. Therefore, your sex with dogs in one house coexist they can not. (Many have tried to fix it, but sooner or later all the same begin conflicts) I strongly recommend to start a company to Akita dog of the same sex. (Yield in this situation will only be kept separately and separate paddock) Some Akitas prefer to be the only dog ​​in the house.

In addition, the Akita -prirozhdenny hunter, and can accept small animals, including dogs as prey, with all its consequences. Reaction from Akita lightning. "Game" might not even have time to notice the danger.

Some Akitas freedom, they do saps jump over high fences, straightened metal mesh, but in order to hunt the cat show neighbor's dog, who's on the main street, or simply explore okrestnosti.Potomu fence your site to be reliable. Akita is not afraid to get lost, regardless of the host is able to make independent decisions in different situatsiyah.Uchityvaya Akitas inclination to hunt for any suitable game and hostility to other dogs, to walk on a leash is necessary to Akita. You can only let go when the dog was trained, and listen for any unusual situations. (in the life of these dogs I have not met)

Akitas are very clean, already at the tender age try not to soil in the house.

With year-round street maintenance dog manages to be virtually free from swimming to swim. Because they have a stain-resistant coat and Akitas are able to wash the foot and lick themselves, just like a cat.

Care and maintenance

Most of the owners acquire Akita for year-round street s content for the Akita is the best option. The apartment Akita uncomfortable, although quite long walks and plenty opportunities to run, some dogs are quite happy with apartment life, because it gets more communication with the beloved master, than their captive brethren.

The apartment has a puppy in most cases, will choose a place most cool and comfortable.

And captive puppy should be insulated shed and wood flooring in front of her, protected by a canopy from the sun and rain .Praktika shows that the dog booth only winters, and even then, only in the most severe frosts, and at other times simply prefers to sleep under a canopy . Aviary is necessary not only to isolate the dog when guests come, but also for educational purposes, to show the Akita that the house is still the main owner, which opens the door cherished ... In any case, keep Akita enclosure can not be! Dog needs enough movement for proper growth and development. Akitas are very clean and try not to make its case in the cage, the dog is enough to explain why you are walking it outside the area, and the need to clean up after it is no longer there. In addition, a growing puppy, adult dog and the need to communicate with the host and other members of the family, only the Akita fully reveal to you a wonderful character.

In no case can not be kept on a chain Akita! (In reality there were such cases, they-all with a sad outcome, the dog became aggressive and absolutely uncontrollable, dangerous even to their owners.) If you need a dog on a chain-Akita is not for you!

The ability to run on a site does not cancel the walk outside the territory, as are necessary for the socialization of the puppy, they help orient in the world and its diversity. From puppyhood dog should meet with other animals, people, vehicles, so you did not have fear and / or aggression at all clear. The problem of aggression in Akita more often in the wrong or inadequate socialization.

Akita strong and active dog. They like to walk with a bicycle or skis, towing sleds and swimming. There is only one point, all loads should increase gradually, and begin classes no earlier such year, and even a half years, you need to give your joints and ligaments become stronger and finally formed. Early load harmful to the puppy. Here swimming puppy can be useful, but I do not advise uvlekatsya- especially because of strong contamination of our water bodies is necessary every time the dog wash up and be sure to dry (and with such a coat is not easy), otherwise Akitas may have problems with skin and hair.

Grooming Akita is not as complicated as it may seem. It is enough to wash the dog regularly (about once a month and a half) with a suitable makeup specifically to your dog, and comb 1-2 times a week (with moisturizer) and your dog will always delight you with beautiful fluffy fur.

Feed Akita (due to the tendency to twisting of the stomach, and the solid-liquid interface for some other reason) is preferably dry, high-quality feed. The daily rate is divided into two parts and give the morning and evening. Puppies fed more frequently, depending on age. (S2 do3mes- 5times a day from 3 to 5 months, 4 times posle5 months to 1 year to go three times a day feeding) The feeding natural food, but then you need to strike the right balance between the components (meat + porridge + vegetables + vitamins + mineral supplements), but it's not as easy as it seems. If you feed your dog properly, it invariably affect her health and appearance.

As with other breeds of dogs need to Akita:

  • to make timely vaccinations,
  • monthly processing of fleas and ticks,
  • every 3-4 months to conduct deworming,
  • Well, regularly nails cut, clean ears and remove plaque.

That's probably all you need to know about the care and maintenance of Akita.

Training and education

Дрессировка и воспитание: 

Akita - dog leaders with high self-esteem, quite independent, has an excellent memory, a strong hunting instinct and, at the same time delicate and vulnerable (especially at a young age), very touchy.

In this regard, there are some points that should be remembered, raising Akita.

Contact with the owner

Set that is not very easy, because the puppy is much more interesting to hunt birds or play with other dogs than to chat with the person.

Novice owners often complain that the puppy runs on walks, runs to where it is interesting, it is not seeking to follow a man like other puppies .. That's right, it's because there is no contact with the owner, and the nature of his Akitas are independent and do not need in human society. Therefore, right from the first days of the owner for the puppy should be the center of the universe. The owner of the pocket must always be something tasty, or (as many Akitas indifferent gluttony) some interesting fur toy or food, which is issued only when the puppy play with the owner and after the game is drawn. The owner of the puppy should be associated with the ability to go for a walk. This is the man who opens the door of the cage and shows the pup new interesting places for a walk.

Remember that you can let go of the leash only where there are no cars and other dogs. On walks useful to play hide and seek with the puppy, puppy interesting to find hidden-host this technique teaches the dog to follow the master of walking, improves the contact.

Shoots on walks

You should find out "contact zone" of his schenka- ie the distance at which the puppy is listening to you and is perceived as the host. Frankly, I myself was first faced with this problem is to Akita. That is, the dog simply changes radically behavior when it exits the nip. Puppy pretends not to hear, refuses to recognize its owner, may even start to run away from this stranger, not to mention the performance of some teams. An adult dog, leaving the contact zone, walks by itself, does not pay attention to the host, he does not see it or hear, acting in its sole discretion.

Therefore, for a walk without a leash is necessary to try to keep the puppy in the area of ​​obedience. Very often, at the age 4-7mes there are such cases that the puppy tired to walk and it alone and unilaterally decides to go home, or, for example, something scared and decides to flee, and if you have not learned to catch the moment and orient yourself on the puppy his attempts to escape, it will have to walk only on a leash. If you see that the puppy wondered if somewhere there peers or have already turned and purposefully went in his chosen direction, then in the very first seconds puppy you can still beckon, but if the owner responded immediately, the puppy goes to yourself - at this point he did not even hear his nickname. It is useless to try to escape from a puppy at this time how many trainers are advised, with Akita, this method does not work, you will be running in one direction, and your puppy in druguyu- in such cases helps whistle (someone using a hunting horn), the sound outputs puppy out of the trance and can beckon. If your dog runs away, but you see, you can try to play on instinct -potaskat front of a piece of fur on a string -Usually puppy interested in production and it comes back to catch her.

Socialization

I already wrote that at a young age, many Akitas are gentle and vulnerable, often timid and shy. They need early socialization. Puppy have to meet people, cars, animals and other public transport. If you have fear, we have to act gradually. If the puppy is frightened, in any case you can not calm him down, that you encourage this behavior. Just gradually reduce the distance to the wrong object. Fear - ignore, courage - are encouraging.

Getting training

From 2 to 5 month old puppy should learn the basic rules of behavior in the home, know your nickname, your place to learn not to soil the house (or in his cage) and no biting. The latter popodrobnee- in the game with the children and with the owner of the puppy can hurt bite hands and other body parts, it is necessary to explain the rules of conduct. A very good method for the next -free hand to press his cheek puppy between the teeth, so that when they bite your hand he first was bitten himself for the cheek, usually 2-3 of these lessons is enough. In the case of cutters children well to the sharp shrill cry of a child at the time of the bite, "Oh, it hurts!" From the team at this age we master the most necessary and mandatory for any dog, regardless of its future use. It commands: "To me", "sit" and "can not". Everything else, if you need it, and the dog, with the study of 6-8 months, when the puppy appears at least some exposure. With akitenkom best handled at the site in the company of other dogs. First Akita childhood should be accustomed to other dogs in order to minimize its aggression to relatives, and secondly Akitas love to show off in front of other dogs, very quickly memorize commands and execute them clearly -im pleased to receive praise and a treat in sight all. So vanity your dog can play in your favor. (More Akita like when they voskhischayutsya- when praise Akita, do it with the greatest enthusiasm! Akita will appreciate it and will continue to try to please you)

Another point - Akita, especially in childhood and adolescence, absolutely not tolerate any coercion. When training this feature should be considered. If other puppies can be taught the command "lie" by pulling down the collar and pressing the withers, the Akita with this number does not pass. The dog simply oppose any violence against them. I had a case, after which I always forgot about the mechanical effect on the Akita. She already knew the command "lie", but somehow once thought and did not lay down, I put her forcibly. Then the dog actually forgot this command, and had to learn it again, have persuasion, delicacy, cunning. The same applies to stringent collars and metal chains, udavok -dressirovat with them is impossible. If Akita hurts -one will protest. Training Akitas should be based on love and trust, Akita other methods are not suitable.

And if you hit his younger akitu- you may lose his trust forever! And certainly not achieve obedience.

Train Akita should only be the owner, and we must remember that the Akita excellent memory, she quickly remembers the commands, but does not like the monotonous repetitive work and multiple repetitions of the same team. If you see that the puppy began to execute commands, do not try to bring the execution to perfection superfluous povtoreniyami- that you will achieve only the loss of interest in puppy classes. If you see that the puppy is tired, do not want to work, distracted, busy and finish the play. Remember that exercise should always end on a positive-that is, to give any command that the puppy always performs well, praise the play with schenkom.Akitu should not be forced to perform team-it must be, or to convince or persuade or trick, then the dog will work clearly and with gusto. Akita is certainly not just try to take power into their own paws and refuse to execute commands, here we must be steadfast and not allow even a hint of defiance. The command to be executed, but how do you achieve this, cunning or treat, it's up to you.

The establishment of the hierarchy in the family is the probably the most difficult question in education. Akita tend to dominate. In the case of men, this translates into excessive independence and ignoring commands .Sobaka owner should know that the hierarchy in the family it is on the lowest rung. If Akita bit does not agree with this state of affairs, that is, some well-known techniques.

First bowl. The dog should allow you, as well as all members of the family take her a bowl at any time, as you are above the ladder. Akita food industry workers are not in the majority, and therefore rarely anyone have problems with the protection of the bowl. If this problem occurs, at feeding bowl should be kept in hand and take with any aggression.

Second - doors and stairs - the owner and all family members must pass through the door first, and only then pass Akita.

Third, any game should start and end at the initiative of the owner, not a puppy. All the toys belong to the owner, he can pick them up at any time.

About Punishment

Most of my favorite punishment - a complete disregard for Akita acts do not always, but only when it is configured to communicate, and the owner was offended and not paying attention, then, yes, punish acts. And if she was offended Akita something futile such attempts from physical impacts to acceptable puppy probably only raise and revive the collar (do not get carried away by this -prostupok for such punishment should be severe), or jerk the leash during training team "next" and "can not be ".

Self-evaluation at the Akita is very high. You can not humiliate the dignity of a proud Akita. The simplest example is to teach to the cleanliness -Why something many owners like to poke his nose into a puddle guilty puppy. This method is not for the Akita. Most likely the puppy will continue to do their business in this place you evil. It is much easier just to praise the puppy for a puddle in the right place. A mistake -proignorirovat. Akitas are very clean and quickly understand what is required of them.
It is impossible for educational purposes overwhelm a puppy, especially on the back is degrading. Today, he may submit, but definitely hurt you remember.

In conclusion, I wish to add, starting the training Akita, you should understand clearly that obedience had Akita conditional, that is now in the mood for a dog s works well, beautifully, without fuss, catches your opinion, is ready to fulfill even the most unloved team (in such good day to take exams on training, instructors are shocked by the quality of performance), and the next day a dog a bad nastroenie- and from her work you will not wait, it confuses the team, or do not hear them, she looks up at the sky or even turns and leaves (further depends on the relationship the pair dog owner, whether you are interested in their akitosa and switch his attention to himself-so and the result will be) .You will avoid disappointment if you understand your dog and feel her mood. I wish you a mutual understanding and love with your akitosom, and then you will succeed!

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