American Cocker Spaniel

Основное фото: 
Американский кокер спаниель
Дополнительныое фото: 
American Cocker
breed American Cocker Spaniel
American Spaniel

Information and History

Общие данные и История породы: 

History of breed American cocker spaniel is blurred. The only thing researchers have come, it's the fact that America has a dog of this breed there, somewhere in the XVII century. It was then to America on the ship «Mayflower» from Europe arrived two dogs - dog and spaniel. They are considered the ancestors of all "Cocker."

In the 1880s, the breed almost destroyed. During this period, it was discovered "Spaniel Club." It is here that started to breed English Cocker Spaniel, in the form in which they have reached us. In 1921, the dogs presented at the famous exhibition, where they could admire the hundreds of spectators. These flexible, good-natured beauties relished many dog ​​breeders, and this led to the fact that their uncontrolled breeding acquired, relaxed character. And this, in turn, led to the development of many diseases that are transmitted from the breed genetically. The situation urgently needed to correct.

By the middle of XX century brought the dog in the stud book, and this time in Kennel Club American cocker spaniel is already listed as a separate and officially registered breed. Thus, we managed to significantly reduce the scale of dilution, giving it the right to engage a qualified dog breeders and breed was saved.

American Cocker Spaniel is a powerfully built dog of small size (height, the average is 38 cm). The body of the dog is a little higher in the front and gradually decreases ago. The head is round with a broad snout. The breed is characterized by long ears, which are much larger than the head and hanging down. Eye color mostly dark, except for the rare blue-eyed specimens. Dog's body covered with long hair: thick - on the body and silky too short - on the head and ears. At the same colors at cockers can be very diverse.

The nature of cockers are very flexible. They are friendly, playful, really get along well with children and pets. Sharp mind dogs, their courage and endurance make the American Cocker Spaniel great help in the hunt. When choosing a Cocker should be remembered that the breed is divided into two separate lines. The first of these is called the show. Such dogs are more suitable for exhibitions and peaceful home life. The second line - working dogs that are great for hunting.

Breed standard

Стандарт породы: 

GENERAL FORM. The smallest member of the group sporting dogs. It has sturdy, compact body and clean lines refined head, perfectly proportional to the size of the dog. It is characterized by vysokoperedost direct, front legs and topline is slightly sloping from withers to a strong, moderately rounded rump. Cocker is capable of considerable speed and has great endurance. And most importantly - it should be energetic and cheerful, healthy and well-balanced in all its articles and in the ring to show a strong desire to work. A well-balanced dog in all respects more desirable than a dog with a sharp contrast the advantages and disadvantages.

Vysokoperedost, compact, refined head - the main breed characteristics, which can not replace any luxurious wool or a brilliant show. Physical development is dependent on the host, but the "bednokostnost" is often hereditary. Slender dogs often nervousness.

Size, Proportion, format. The ideal height at the withers for an adult dog 15 inches for adult bitches 14 inches. Possible deviations from said ideal growth on 1/2 of an inch in one direction or another. Male above 15.5 inches and 14.5 inches above the bitch should be disqualified. The growth of the adult male of less than 14.5 inches and adult females less than 13.5 inches is considered a disadvantage. * Height is determined by measuring the vertical line from the top edge of the blades to the floor, and the dog should be in the natural stand and the front legs and hind legs should be parallel to the line of measurement. The distance from the sternum to point of buttock is slightly larger than the distance from the top edge of the blades to the floor. The body should be long enough to ensure a free, rectilinear motion; dog is not in any way improper to look stretched and lower legs.

American expert Norman Austin for 50 years, never judging a dog disqualified due to a large increase, considering that any overgrown disgarmonichen already so clearly is not competitive. When restricted height at the withers, then began to play vysokoperedye dog that went though a millimeter beyond the standard, and won the highly-backawn low withers. Through the efforts of breeders soon began again Cockers vysokoperedymi. But there is another danger: perekvadrachennost. Standard in 1982 indicates that the height at withers (growth) should be 5 centimeters longer than the length of the top! In this perekvadrachennosti even a dog with perfect limbs can not easily run. Now the situation is reversed.

HEAD. Correct proportions of the head, which must be balanced with the other parts of the body, meets the following requirements: expression - intelligent, lively, soft touching; eye - the eyeball is round and full, eyes directed forward. Line eyelids gives the eyes slightly almond-shaped; eyes not prominent or sunken. The color of the iris is dark brown and in general preferred darker.

Reduces the score for "prickly", like the Rottweiler look. Clarified the iris is often the dog chocolate or chocolate color gene. Do not take seriously such a statement: "We have the head of a European-style" (with a narrow, dry muzzle) or "not run head and feet" (let's head unassumingly, but frisky dog ​​runs). Those who say so, just telling the whole story, because the head - it is the first indicator of breed.

EARS. Fan shaped form long, thin fabric, covered abundant feathered and placed no higher than the lower edge of the eye.

Previously, it was required that reached the ear leaf tip of the nose. And if it's longer? Defective "long-eared"? And if too short ears covered with hair so long that hangs to his shoulders? You only need to canvas the ear was thin. Sometimes dogs, especially young ones, in the excited state, "turn up" the ears. Stroke the dog at the base of the ears, they snap into place.

SKULL. The rounded, but not overly kupolisty, in any case, is not flat. The eyebrow arches are clearly marked the transition from forehead to muzzle sharp. The bone structure of the suborbital space precisely machined, flat cheekbones. The muzzle is broad and deep, with square jaws smooth. With the right structure of the head away from the stop to the tip of the nose is equal to half the length of the skull.

Strongly zakupolenny skull - a rarity, usually it is rather flat, mainly because of the wide neck. Sometimes the skull looks massive because of the narrow muzzle.

Do not believe that "now in vogue narrow muzzle" - this is nonsense. The most desirable square muzzle with a blunt-edged, approximately equal to the width of the skull, rather than "light bulb". Melkovat transition from forehead to muzzle alters the angle of the muzzle, it seems long and lowered. With deep passing it looks snub.

In the US the text "clearly carved" (suborbital space) indicated chiselled - carved with a chisel, hollowed bit. The concept of "fullness under the eyes" is used for other species, but not for the American Cocker. Here comes Russian phrase "chiseled features." The peculiarity of "American" is that the bulk, lush muzzle suborbital space remains very dry, "carved." Special charm give "inflated", as it were, of an elastic rubber lip.

Nose. Fairly large, proportional to the face and the front of the head. With a well developed nostrils typical of a sporting dog; Black Black, black and tan and black and white, in other colors may be brown, liver or black, but the darker color is preferred. Painting of the nose corresponds to the color fringing century. The upper lip volume and long enough to cover the lower jaw.

In winter, eyelids and nose brighten it - "seasonal" or "winter" nose. There can be spotted pink spots on the eyelids, lips. This is not a marriage, just there is no pigment, as well as in other areas with white hair.

TEETH. Strong, healthy, not too small, meet in a scissor bite.

Home scissor closing. Nesmykanie - a serious drawback. Deep "scissors" - a rarity, more often in dogs with narrowed muzzle unwanted type. Dogs with short square muzzle the most desirable type, with a strong chin, a wide often have very tight bite. Then correct the bite is checked "on a click": the nail is performed from the lower to the upper incisors. If you cling to the nail slightly protruding upper teeth, the bite is considered a tight scissor. I have often noticed indulgence foreign experts to virtually bite if the dog is flawless on the remaining articles.

Dogs with a short, square muzzle often a peculiar position of the lower selvages - a pair of incisors, canines near. They are located in line with other mandibular incisors, but at the closing of the jaws protrude, bound up with the upper selvages to bite or go on a little snack. If such a provision does not violate the selvages scissor bite, not punished. This often happens with young dogs, with age, the top and bottom selvages erased closure becomes perfect.

The standard 1992 is not required completeness of teeth. Of course, the lack of teeth is not desirable, it is transmitted part of the offspring. Children edentates partners may be lacking is not the first but also the second, third premolars. Completely remove from edentates breeding dogs, especially females, with other perfect article, it would be unwise. Proper selection of the pairs of recessive trait can be minimized.

Sometimes Americans found one or two extra incisor or premolar. Because of this, an assessment of the dog does not reduce, much less reject the puppies because after the change of the number of permanent teeth may be normal. All deviations in the tooth system marks at the examination and recorded breeding.

Neck, Topline, Body. The neck is sufficiently long for the nose to reach the ground easily, muscular, without dewlap, gradually tapering from shoulders to head, with a little scruff. Topline gradually descends to the muscular quarters. The chest is deep, its bottom line is not located above the elbow in front of wide enough to provide adequate accommodation of heart and lungs, but not so wide as to interfere freely reach in the forequarters. Ribs long and rounded. The back is strong, gradually descends from the shoulders to the base of the tail docked. Docked tail is kept at the back, or slightly higher; it should not rise high above his back like a terrier or lowered to keep from timidity. In motion dog fun working tail.

The length of the neck is measured from the occiput to the withers - the place where converge the upper edges of the blades. "Top" - is the top line of the body, consisting of the thoracic, lumbar, and croup. Topline should be similar to the stretched string, without pereslezhiny (depression of the shoulder blades) without slack-cavity, not "wobble" in motion, "strong." In front portray a correct topline is not difficult, just enough to make a dog sit on their hind legs ("Low Front"). The main thing - to "keep up" on the move and in natural stance. Sometimes the top of the "wobble" due to the elongated waist and short croup. The tail should be docked. In some countries, "merciful" three hundred years environmentalists have banned this practice. Not to mention the consequences for the health of the dog and the imbalance movements, the question arises: what are the criteria to evaluate in the examination of the tail? It seems that the Americans are not going to make an amendment to that effect in the standard of their offspring.

FRONT END. Shoulders oblique, forms a blade with humerus angle of about 90 degrees, making it easy to throw forward the front legs. Shoulder clearly delineated and down smoothly without protrusions, so that the upper blades converging point at an angle which provides a well-rounded edges. When viewed from the front side in limbs upright arm is located directly below the uppermost point of the blade. The front legs are straight, parallel, strongly boned, muscular and fit snugly to the body just below the shoulder blade. The pasterns are short and strong. Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed. Feet compact, large, round and firm, with solid pads, no wriggle inward or outward.

French expert K.Zhake-Graveleau, said shoulder-shoulder Knot "cocker heart." From its accuracy depends on the dog's movement. The diagram shows the relationship between the length of the scapula and the humerus, put the shoulder and right movement.

The standard says gently: "Dewclaws on forelegs may be removed." None of my imported dogs had FIFTH fingers. Best Russian doctors removed them simultaneously with tail docking in the early 1980s. These rudimentary fingers, if not removed, often sprained, inflamed; claw (often overlooked cut) tissue grows into the legs. The dog is in pain, limping on a walk, and even at the exhibition.

REAR END. Thighs broad, croup well rounded, muscular. When viewed from behind hind legs parallel to the move and in the rack. Hind legs with good bone, well muscled, moderately angulated knee and powerful hips with relief muscles. Stifle large, no wriggle in motion, and in the front. Hocks strong, set low on the floor. Dewclaws on hind legs may be removed.

If the pelvis is narrow and cereals, the hind legs are straight and parallel even in the movement as it clung to each other, "braided". Long hair on the hind legs ("trousers") underscores this problem.

COAT. On the head the hair is short and fine; on the body - of medium length, with undercoat, sufficiently developed to protect dogs. The ears, chest, abdomen, and limbs covered with feathered, well-developed, but not enough to conceal the true figure, and motion, or change the appearance and function as a moderately dressed cocker dog sports. The coat should be silky, straight or slightly wavy, and a structure that allows easy maintenance. Needless Development, curly or puhlyavaya should be severely punished. Pruning back the electric machine is undesirable. Trimming should emphasize the natural lines and carried out so that the dog looked as natural as possible.

Cocker - moderate dressed dog. The main thing - it's the right coat structure that provides easy care.

Color and Markings

Black color. Group of dogs solid black color includes black and tan. Black should be pitch black, brown and shades of wool hepatic undesirable. Small white markings are permissible on the throat and / or chest. In all other parts of the body are white markings disqualify.

Brownish tint occurs in young dogs during moulting, but does not speak of a gene chocolate color.

ANY solid color other than black - "ASKOB (ASCOB)". Any solid color other than black, ranging from light cream to dark red, including brown and brown and tan. Color should be uniform; small white markings are permissible on the chest and / or throat. In all other parts of the body are white markings disqualify.

In dogs, the continuous non-black color often feathering on the legs, ears, belly lighter tone.

MIXED COLORS. Two or more solid colors as well delimited spots, one of which must be white; black and white, white and red (red can be from light cream to dark red), brown and white, Rouen (roan), including a combination of these colors with tan markings. Location desirable tan markings are the same as in black and ASKOB. The group of mixed-color dogs are Rouen (chalye) dogs of any type of conventional color Rouen. The area of ​​the main color, 90 percent or more is a disqualifying defect. In dogs, black and ASKOB markings should be placed on these areas a clear spot over each eye; on both sides of the muzzle and cheeks; on the inner surface of the ear; on the limbs; under the tail; chest (not required). Fuzzy fallen or the presence of only traces of tan is a disadvantage. Tan, rising on both sides of the muzzle and then poured on the back of the nose is also a disadvantage.
The absence of tan markings in dogs of black and ASKOB in any of these places, the presence of tan markings in the other places is a disqualifying defect.

The description of colors is no hint of "sable", like we were born in 1987, 6 puppies. At birth, they seemed chocolate with a black mask on his face. With age, the mask has not disappeared, puppies became pale yellow with black feathered feathering. Specialists of America, England, Czechoslovakia, FCI answered us clearly: custom color. Judge Thomas 0'NIL (USA) said that once a few breeders offered legitimize "sable", but few supported it, and the question has been removed.

MOVEMENT. Cocker, though the smallest of the sporting dogs, is typical for this group of movements. The key to proper movements is the balance between the front and rear parts of the body. Powerful rear part of the body sends a strong push forward, which is at the correct structure of the shoulder and forelimb transferred to the front of the body and provides a free, wide reach in the forequarters. Movement should be primarily coordinated, smooth, stress-free. Movement of dogs should be razmashistymi.Izlishnyuyu agility can not be taken for correct movement.

That's right can only move the dog with the correct anatomical structure. A dog with straight shoulders, short lower leg, straightened angles hocks not capable stride. With good training, it would be briskly mince around the ring, drumming forelegs may receive "excellent", the first place even inexperienced expert. Get that dog to accelerate the move - it will pass to gallop or jump starts, but will not run loping trot.

Temperament. Temperament balanced, with no signs of shyness. This means friendly to people and dogs, cheerful, likes to pay attention to it.

ELIMINATING FAULTS

Colour and markings. Valid only above colors or combinations thereof. All other colors or combinations of colors are disqualifying.
Black color - white markings, except for white markings on the throat I and / or chest.
Other solid color other than black (ASCOB) - white markings, except for white markings on the throat and / or chest.
MIXED COLORS. The area of ​​the main color of 90 percent or more.
Markings. Area tan markings more than 10 percent; the absence of tan markings in dogs of black and ASKOB the provisions of the ground; fallen in other places.
GROWTH: males - more than 15.5 inches, bitches, more than 14.5 inches.

The standard describes the ideal of the breed, but most dogs only approach him. I never "fine" dogs for minor deviations from the ideal and error: too narrow chest juniors, too small teeth, "seasonal" nose, a mat under his arm ... The main thing - the overall breed type. It is determined the head, neck, topline, chest, legs, coat texture.

Character

Характер: 

All American Cocker Spaniel breeders are carefully selected, including the nature and characteristics. Very vicious and unbalanced dogs just do not admit to breeding, because even the standard breed such traits are considered a vice.

The Americans managed to get really sociable dog. She is very thin feels the mood of the home and has a sense of tact. Pet never be imposed if a person is not in the spirit but always cheer host when that sad.

The rest of the time it's just a very friendly and tied to all domestic dogs. It can stay in place, if necessary, but prefers active games with your favorite hosts.

Despite the fact that the conclusions of the breed as a hunting, it is now almost entirely used as a family companion dog. This was made possible thanks to the innate gentleness, loyalty, wonderful attitude to children and playful nature.

Because of these qualities Cockers became very popular with breeders and now they can be seen more frequently at exhibitions than hunting. They are well-trained and obedient, ready to obey any commands host, kind and are not aggressive to other dogs and strangers. They have self-esteem and refined manners.

American Cocker Spaniels are enthusiastic and friendly, always ready to play, not only dogs but also other pets. Representatives of this breed can be easily wind up in the house with the cat, they have often a very close friendship.

American Cocker Spaniel can be left home alone, but not for long. This active dog needs constant contact with people. With a lack of attention she may appear bad habits associated with mental disorder: howling, excessive barking, spoiling things.

Ideally, such a dog for an extended family with children, which is always someone there at home. It is better not to have a representative of the breed for those who do not want or who do not have enough time to deal with your pet.

American Cocker Spaniel - a master of seduction. He knows how beautiful and skillfully uses it in different situations. For example, when he wants to eat something delicious. Coker will connect all the charm to elicit a tasty morsel. But you can not resist the charms, because otherwise the dog will quickly overweight.

You should not indulge in aggressive games, and this kid. He can grasp at the heels, nibble on your hands, clinging to teeth and hang on the pant leg. At first it looks like fun, but when the dog gets older, these habits will get rid of late, and it became strong teeth will bring a lot of trouble the hosts.

Remember, he - bigeye and plush, but not a toy. So quickly drop the emotion and join in training. As on training breed rather recklessly, curious and friendly. Only after learning cocker show its best features, and its centuries-old hunting pedigree will not interfere with the family.

Care and maintenance

At first glance, it seems that everything is simple. Small decorative dog - it's not a Rottweiler and Shepherd. Special training is required, it is not necessary to acquire a muzzle, a strong chain is also not necessary. It seems, enjoy yourself at your leisure and admire their "miracle." But it was not there! In order to grow the American Cocker way you imagine it to be a need to spend a lot of time and effort.

Combing

Firstly, on wool. In six weeks the puppy and comb, it seems, is nothing but a comb brush should be provided daily in your hands. It is important at this age to teach your puppy comfortable with the procedure grooming. Put the baby on his lap as he played enough and tired, almost asleep, stroking the back of, stomach, achieve full calm and hold the comb. First, it may be an ordinary plastic comb with short teeth, comb and then massage, and then - a special brush, very soft, is not bound up in wool. Later, you'll need a few combs: "rake" - a metal with one or two-sided teeth, "Slicker" - soft, teeth when viewed from the side directed straight up and is easy to fall under the pressure of a finger and massage - with a brush on the other side. Daily combing hair not only supports the procedure, but also massages the skin, which in turn, improves blood circulation, promotes the growth of hair. Better to spend a day for 5-10 minutes, once a month for 3 hours to tear matted wool from screaming and bursting spaniel cut mats and thus spoil the whole look of the dog. Even very rich "dressed" American Cocker Spaniel without due care turn into a grimy, ragged matted. Frequent scratching the skin hardens, and it becomes less susceptible to scratches and jerks, occasionally the case in the care of hair. Cocker, fall asleep to the comb - happy owner. But this happiness - in your hands, just need to be persistent and consistent in their actions. If you picked up a brush - bring the matter to an end, do not let the dog while it is not completely rascheshete. Movement is necessary to make a brush with and against the hair on the legs, abdomen, ears. It is useful to teach the dog during grooming lie, turned over on his back.

After the procedure is necessary to allow it to stand up, shake. Then, comb hair down, smooth it on the back. By the way, grooming should be back to tell apart.

A HAIRCUT

The hair on the back cocker never cut! Usually her puppy coat is straight or slightly wave, but at the age of 7-9 months, the adolescent begins puppy rejected by Pooh, and at this time the hair on the back often begins to ripple and become erect. Take it into the hands scissors and trimming - a special comb with short sharp teeth. Hold the left hand in the area of ​​the skin withers, the right to conduct trimming back forcefully in the direction of the tail. You will see that the down will be well removed. Just holding the skin, missing fur trimming back between the teeth and the right thumb, slightly twitching. Repeat this procedure for several days, and soon notice the results: the hair on the back will be flat (as you have removed the undercoat), and spine will form denser. This is the standard and should be hair on the back of the American Cocker Spaniel, and not to the bottom of the remote. And remember: once shorn hair on the back of the dog will always dybitsya and never lie beautifully, and the exhibition you will reduce the estimate for this "art". And when visiting the barber asked what hairstyle to do: stand or home - it's a bad hairdresser. In "American" one haircut, any conscientious master knows it, and will not disfigure your dog for your money.

It should be noted that the frequency of the cuts is determined individually depending on the rate of fouling. On average, American Cocker Spaniel should be cut by 2.5-3 times a month, but some can trim your hair every month. Tips "experienced" dog breeders do first haircut until 6-8- month or even one year of age are wrong and even harmful! Usually, conscientious breeders shear cocker spaniels have to aktirovaniyu, at the age of 1.5-2 months. But some do not, try a profuse coat to hide defects of the head structure of the puppy: a narrow snout, gristly ears, wide and flat skull. Specialist care to identify these shortcomings, and the novice can easily be misled, pricked puppy shaggy snout uncut. All the more frustrating waiting for him after the first haircut. I advise you in the first half cut the puppy as often as possible in order to teach him comfortable with this procedure. For the year-old spaniel first trip to the hairdresser can be stressful for a lifetime!

All the above remarks relating to the complete hairstyle, but there are hygienic, every 2-3 weeks you should carry out the owner. For example, we cut hair around the ear canal. If you do not do something to grow, the hairs will irritate the ear, causing the dog to scratching. With claws to scratch can get infected, which leads to various diseases of the ears. For reasons of hygiene should cut out the hair on the underside of the tail and around the anus (incidentally, by shearing the tail is shaped wedge). The latter procedure - Processing paws. Neatly trimmed hair between the toes and around the paws, in a circle, just above the claws, like a cup of that when walking wool did not touch the ground. Often on the legs are not shaved sticks trash burdock thrown chewing gum, and all that rolled into the hair between the pads, causing lameness and even pressure sores festering. Long "fins" on the legs do not decorate Cocker, and give it a disheveled look. When the foot is neatly trimmed, it seems that the dog runs without touching the ground. One time, closely follow the work of an experienced hairdresser, any owner will be able to maintain its wool dog right. Note: this procedure is largely dependent on the health of your pet.

WASH

Wash cocker can be every 2 weeks, and if necessary - and once a week, as this small dog, long-haired and often dirty, especially when dusty.

The main thing that the detergent was not fed with the skin has dried. If shampoo is "human", it should be dry and damaged hair with conditioner and if the "dog", then start, carefully read the annotation.

Your dog shampoo suitable for long-haired breeds, with exhibition and air conditioner. But because of their huge set, consult with more experienced owners with employees of the club, which is registered in your pet.

We must remember that in the body of a dog there are certain places where (no matter how hard the owner take care of them) still occasionally formed mats: the armpits, over the hocks, in the groin. In these places useful pretreated washed wool special cosmetic oil, which is applied with a brush. Drying up, the dog has a "wet" look.

Wool sag, feels slippery, but gradually within 7-10 days the oil is absorbed, preventing the hair from tangling. Stains on fabrics cosmetic oil does not leave, but nourishes the skin well. For ease of combing after washing is useful rinse hair with water and citric acid (1 liter of water -1 tablespoon of citric acid) or vinegar in the same proportion. This procedure, besides cosmetic effect, protects the wool from pests. For better hair growth Spaniel in age from 2 to 12-18 months should be given vitamins, and after suckling period, after the heat and moulting. Fulfilling these requirements, you will achieve that look of your dog to meet the standards and feast for the eyes. And believe me, that the traditional excuses (like we were taking a dog for yourself, not for show) - a pitiful excuse for irresponsible owners as unwashed, with matted hair and plicas dogs tend to suffer from various parasites and skin diseases. Be merciful to the animal that is brought for their own pleasure. And even if you are - a very busy person, then at least 15 minutes a day for basic care of a dog is always possible to allocate. Well, if not, you should first think about the advisability of purchasing it!

EDUCATION AND TRAINING Bering

Now education. Often had to watch the "Americans", pressing on leashes who can not safely walk and stand without showing his teeth, but instead of clicking them quite convincingly - it lacks education and training. Taking the home decorative dog, many fans believe that it is not necessary to teach anything. It is fundamentally wrong! Any dog, whether it is the size of a matchbox, teams should be trained general obedience and unquestioning obedience to the owner. The size has nothing to do with it. A dog living with us in society, it must fit smoothly, adhering to certain limits of behavior.

Education Cocker begins to accustom him calmly to the hands. That is a puppy (and later an adult dog) must allow themselves to quietly take the hand, flip, put on the table and on the floor in a rack, to examine teeth, ears - in short, should be allowed to do with anything that the owner sees fit. By this consistency is necessary to accustom the puppy from the first days of visiting the house that will facilitate you to care for them.

Teach the dog to stand in the rack is not as difficult as it seems. The main thing - perseverance and multiple repetition exercises until complete victory. Start with the fact that lay on a table or a stool dense slip cloth mat. Right your hand should be placed as follows: the thumb on the occiput, the other - under the lower jaw and throat. Left; 4 fingers skipped between the rear legs, and a big lie on the rump. This is the most reliable way to fix a puppy into position. To begin with let him stand up just a little bit in that position, but then it is necessary to ensure that the hind limbs were fixed with sling back and front were simultaneously under the withers. The correct behavior of the puppy should be encouraged to treat. In setting the dog in a rack you must file the appropriate command, such as "Stand", "Display", "Inspection" - no matter what kind, as long as it has always been the same.

After a while, after many repetitions of the location of the hand on the dog trainer to change. The thumb of the right hand moved to the back of the nose, the index holds the lower jaw, the other three fingers just are urged not to spoil the overall look. The left hand is now fixed with sling back and sides hind limbs and tail holds in a horizontal position, so he went back line. Do not forget to encourage the proper implementation of strut treat and praise. Remember, exercise can be completed only after the dog stands correctly executed. With the right approach the puppy quickly learns this exercise. Then teach those he approached the command "Come". Hold a treat in your hand, showing his utter command and name, for example: "Fly to me!". First puppy fit for food, but gradually get used to obey without it. Delicacy periodically replaced with anti-aliasing and praise. After 2 weeks after the puppy will be made all the necessary vaccinations, continue to engage with him in the street. Note that there are a lot of stimuli, and the puppy is lost, distracted by them. During a walk 5-6 times podzovite it ugostite treat and release. These exercises develop contact with the owner. If the puppy outdoors beckon only to fasten on a leash and take away home, he quickly understands why this is done. As a result, the dog may stop approach and take her home will be difficult. Taking a walk in a city where a lot of people and cars, it is better to use a tape-leash and collar light, releasing the dog only where you are assured of control over it.

Usually Cocker lead on special "stranglehold" or "for ring". This half meter cord, preferably not round and flat, 1 cm wide (wider noose will seem rough on the long dry neck cocker spaniel), with a loop for the dressing over the head and clamp, to the dog is not twisted and with a loop at the other end to arms.

Moving such a device, Cocker Spaniel carries a high head and works out the correct posture while only accustomed to the collar to keep moving down the nose, which is understandable his hunting past. Education walking on a leash is necessary to start with the use of treats or toys. Secure noose high under the jaw puppy, but do not pull it, otherwise he felt discomfort will begin to resist. Featuring a treat or a toy, take a few steps forward. Jumping suppressing flick down, and a few steps of the faithful with his head immediately encourage a treat and praise. A good effect in the training move in the noose give "the talk" with the puppy. Dog listening to you, raises his head, trying to look in the face, and moves as if leaning forward, very interested. Every few steps should be encouraged beautiful delicacy. Begin to engage with the dog still at home, before vaccination, and then drag a class into the street. Spending 5 minutes on each outing for walking in the noose, after 1-2 months of your puppy is not afraid of no show ring. And even if you never get there, is not it nice to walk down the street with a beautiful, proud dog and not carried in the ditches and gullies of wheezing with anticipation, and the excess energy dog. You will always be happy to show your friends a photo of your pet, beautiful standing in the front and shows all its advantages.

It should be noted that bred dog is always easier and more pleasant in the content. It is useful to teach your dog the command "sit", "lie". The process of learning basic commands repeatedly described in a variety of benefits a variety of trainers and coaches, so we will not repeat.

Note that, after returning from a walk in wet weather, you can always use a common obedience commands, leaving a dirty dog ​​in the hallway. As she sits quietly undress you, and then will shape your pet - and the cleanliness of the apartment is guaranteed. A trained, obedient dog is better insured against the wheels of cars, teeth larger brethren and simply master's dissatisfaction with her pleasant to chat to you and others, and in general, obedient dog - is a kind of certificate of canine (and general) culture of its owner.

A few words I want to say about the manifestations of aggression in the American Cocker Spaniel. Like all other breeds puppies, active and healthy "kokerenok" in the game can too disperse, growl and grab the owner's hands or feet. The family, which lives cocker spaniel, for all households, and especially children, should be a rule that the violent games like "rvachki-clippers" strictly contraindicated. Firstly, there is a risk to spoil the bite, and secondly (or vice versa, first) - to bring evil "terrorist". If the puppy razvoevalsya, it is necessary to divert, to switch on the toy, treat, and if does not help, and punish - such as slapping is not strong, but sensitive on the rump. After the "penalty" take a puppy in his arms and caress him, talk quietly, calm down. In general, the American cocker spaniel (as with any other breed of dog) to behave calmly, to be consistent in the actions, not to show nervousness, impatience. Persevere fulfill your commands and wishes, but without shouting and "belt". Persistence and constant hard work with multiple repetitions and the promotion of the correct execution of commands delicacy will bring good results. Your pet will grow docile, affectionate and will bring great joy to all communication.

American Cocker Spaniel - breed in the removal and formation which has invested a lot of work and expertise of many people. So take care of this breed! Upbringing his dog and take care of her every day, and not on a case by case basis. After all, "American" is a dog in the first place to you, not just for show!

Training and education

Дрессировка и воспитание: 

Very often you can see the spaniels that are pulling leashes, choking, wheezing, but can not hear the team owner. These and other features of disobedience is directly related to lack of education. Most people think that taking the house lapdog it is not necessary to train and educate. This is misleading.

All dogs, even a very small, must obey his master, execute commands and obey him unquestioningly. Pets must fit into society and adhere to certain limits of behavior.

The first step in the education of Cocker can be considered accustom the animal to the hands, to teach him to calmly apply to them. This means that the puppy, and later an adult dog should be allowed to take yourself in hand, stroke, flip, inspect the ears, teeth are generally allowed to do with all that the owner sees fit. The procedure has to start with the domestication of the moment, like an animal crosses the threshold of the house, and then calm care for will be provided.

If you want to bring up, "exhibition" dog, it must know the commands like "show", "stand", "Inspection". On what is the word to stop, solve the master, the main condition that it can not be changed later. If the puppy turns out to execute commands, it should be encouraged to treat, so he quickly learned his lesson.

Education of American Cocker Spaniel

The most important rule when the dog accustomed to the commands - the task is fulfilled only after Spaniel fulfill the task given to him. Outside pet lurks a lot of external stimuli, so before you exercise outside the home, you need a dog to remember all the commands in a quiet environment. For example, the command "To me" is best to learn the house to the street not catch cocker around the yard. Letting the dog off the leash, you can stock up on delicacies and beckoning her to him to give it a treat. So to establish contact between the animal and the owner. If after each command "To me" wear a pet and drive home, he will soon realize where it leads, and called it will be difficult. For ease of movement spaniel, you can buy a leash roulette, which will let the animal over long distances and, if necessary, quickly twisted.

In general, all the main rules in the upbringing of the "Americans" are reduced to the fact that with this breed need to be calm, not showing aggression, the dog will respond to the love and obedience.

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