Bull Terrier

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Information and History

Общие данные и История породы: 

People have always sought to diversify their hobbies, as well as our contemporaries. Of course, fashion tools enable fans to get your adrenaline a variety of ways, but our ancestors knew how to entertain themselves. Violent entertainment involving animals, and often people who were familiar pastime of the rich. Some are specially bred dog breed that did particularly bloody picture of the battlefield. Hunting, especially baiting beast, too, brought a "pleasure". The most "advanced" were able to earn a sweepstakes, even if very small, home.

This ordinary life seemed too sweet, dreaming about real feelings. Some of these impressions found in dog fights. It was then and there was Bull Terrier. He has good ancestors, once they have successfully played in fights with bulls (Bull means "bull" in translation from English). Breeders were able to give a more stylish image of the breed; it is possible to take a new niche bull terrier when such a spectacle completely banned.

What do you call a dog

Since the bull terriers were obtained in England, it is clear that the second part of the word - Terrier - is a breed of dog. Incidentally, in the selection I was white terrier (a total of about 30 terriers).

It will not please everyone

Baiting bulls dogs in England was canceled in 1835. Grandfathers Bulldogs had a slightly different exterior: they had long legs. large square head helps the dog fight bull is almost equal. Over time, the authorities stopped the fighting, they were replaced by other methods of boring time - dog fighting and baiting rats. Nimble organizers quickly realized that now place the show could be any boozer, because for these fights, no less bloody, did not require a large arena. And the audience has increased: in the pub spent time not the rich, but there were many, means earnings owner was assured.

However, it became clear that the fighting Bulldogs little suited to fighting in a small space. Short face athletes do not have the necessary dexterity and agility. Battles began to lose popularity.

And once again turned to the selection of species. The most successful version was crossed with terriers. New hybrid was strong, insistent. The breed has not lost his grip and tenacity, got to the same intelligence and agility. Novices called "old-bull-and-terrier" (old bull - the bull - and terrier). They are the ancestors of the current bull terriers.

The ability to survive

The first bull terriers were very unattractive: clumsy, on the curves of the feet, a blunt snout on his massive head. However, they performed their job very well. Meanwhile, work to improve the hybrid did not stop. And the next generation is already different from the parents. They have not yet become handsome, but somewhat elongated legs and pointed snout exterior gave a hint of elegance.

On the improvement of the external data without losing the fighting skills decided to bet a dog lover trader James Hinks. Breeders began breeding work in the mid-1850s. After 12 years, he was able to demonstrate its best "product" at a dog show in Birmingham.

Hincks is very well versed in dogs; He was also a shrewd businessman. By that time, interest in the bloody battle faded. A more sophisticated audiences want to contemplate and dogs more attractive. Exterior gradually changed for the better, bull terriers attracted the attention not only for its military achievements, but also noble appearance.

Hinks' dogs should be white, so he decided. In cultivation it is only used the Old English White Terriers and Dalmatians. The result was spectacular. Dogs were brave and bold as before but their unpretentious species has disappeared. James called his breed "Bull Terrier".

Member absorbed most remarkable properties, inherited from his parents. He was tough, had a fairly high intelligence, initiative. Bull Terrier, and immediately became a favorite of breeders and spectators. Moreover, the white color has become trendy for dogs. Several years passed, and by the early 20th century began to breed colored Bull Terrier.

White and off

Pets James Hinks continued to surprise fans. So, in 1864, the white bull terriers Medmen Puss and got the title. These dogs were still far from the ideal conceived by breeders, but the breed has become very popular. Eventually, these dogs are interested in foreigners and some time later the dogs Hinks absorbed in other continents. In addition, the "bulls" fell in love with the students and professors of the University of Oxford.

Breeders are not abandoned their attempts to improve the breed bull terrier. There were other reasons to be wary. In 1985 he was banned docking of ears. Uncircumcised ears did not improve the appearance. However, breeders have for a very short period of time were able to obtain copies, whose ears were natural.

Another concern was the situation of the dogs color suit. There were opinions that the color "pollute" the rock, making it less noble. So much so, that the victory of colored bull terriers did not want to recognize the champions. The dispute stopped after that agreed that binding forbidden to use color not only dogs but also white, in the family who had colored relatives.

The decision proved to be wrong, and the breed was nearly lost. Use only in the selection of white copies of the gene pool caused the weakening and the emergence of many diseases in puppies: infertility, deafness, blue-eyed.

When the middle of the 20th century the number of the patient's offspring was a significant, non-ferrous recognized and for the salvation of the breed have given permission for mating.

Know our

Let's go back to the beginning of history. Not all breeders admired blonde Hinks Bull Terriers. It was believed that elegant dog will not be able to fight well. James offered a bet: his white dog Puss weighing 40 pounds had to fight with a 60-pound dog the same breed. Puss enough 30 minutes to do away with these conversations. James won the bet, enriched by £ 5 and a case of champagne. And Puss, endured a battle, won the title the next day at a dog show.

Breed standard

Стандарт породы: 

Origin: United Kingdom.

Publication date: 12.01.2009.

Application: Terrier.

CLASSIFICATION FCI: Group 3 - Terriers, Section 3 - buldogopodobnye Terriers without working trial.

General view: powerfully built, muscular, well balanced and active with a keen, determined and smyshlёnym expression. Fearless, full of courage, cheerful. A characteristic feature - the egg-shaped head with muzzle lowered. Regardless of size dogs should look masculine and bitches feminine.

Behavior and character: balanced, disciplined. Despite the stubborn, very friendly towards people.

HEAD: Long, strong and deep all along, until the end of the muzzle, but not coarse. Seen from the front - egg-shaped and completely filled, with no peaks and valleys. The top line of the profile forms a smooth arc, slightly curved downward from the neck to the tip of the nose.

Skull: Top of skull almost flat between the ears.

The area of ​​the muzzle:
Nose: must be black. The tip is lowered down, nostrils well developed.
Lips: Dry, close fitting to the jaws.
Jaws / Teeth: The lower jaw deep and strong. Teeth sound, clean, strong, of good size, well located, in it's entirety; perfect, regular and complete scissor bite (ie upper teeth completely cover the bottom and square to the jaws).
Eyes appear narrow, obliquely set, triangular, well placed in orbit. Black or as dark brown as possible, producing the impression of almost black, with a keen brilliance. The distance from tip of nose to eyes perceptibly greater than the distance from the eye to the back of the head. Blue or partly blue eyes are undesirable.
Ears: Small, thin and closely spaced. The dog must be able to keep them rigidly erect, with tips pointing straight up.

NECK: Very muscular, long, arched, tapering from shoulders to head, with taut skin.

Housing: quite round, with a pronounced convex edges, deep from the withers to the sternum so that the sternum is lower to the ground than belly.
Back: Short, strong back line behind the withers flat, arched in the lumbar region, or slightly convex.
Loins: Broad, well muscled.
Chest: Broad when viewed from the front.
Underline: forms a graceful curve, rising from the sternum to the abdomen.

TAIL: Short, set low, carried horizontally. Thick at base, tapering to a point.

Limbs:

Forelimbs: with the strongest bones strong round; the dog must stand firmly and keep them perfectly parallel. Adult dogs length of forelegs approximate depth of the chest.
Shoulders: Strong and muscular, but not overloaded. The blades wide, flat and snug against the chest, pronounced angled front edge from bottom to top, forming almost a right angle shoulder.
Elbows held straight and strong.
Pastern: Vertical.

HINDQUARTERS: Parallel when viewed from behind.
Thigh: muscular.
Knees: joints are well expressed.
Shin: Well developed.
Hocks: Well bent.
Hocks: bony, short and strong.

FEET: Round, compact with well-bent fingers.

Gait / Movement: movement in the dog looks well-built, smoothly moving free, easy steps with typical smug. When trotting the front and hind legs move parallel to each other, come together only when the speed increases. Good take-out of the front legs. Hind legs are moving freely in the thighs, well bent at the knee and hock with a powerful thrust.

Skin: tight.

Coat:

HAIR: Short, uniformly tight, stiff to the touch, glossy. In winter, it may appear soft undercoat.

Color: whites - pure white. Skin pigmentation and spots on the head are allowed. For color - the color should be predominant; all things being equal, brindle preferred.
Acceptable black, brindle, red, red, brown deer and the tri-color colors. Bad mottling on the white coat. Blue and sand colors highly undesirable.

Weight and dimensions: height and weight are not limited, but should be the impression of maximum power for a given size, blend harmoniously with the condition and the floor.

Disadvantages: Any deviation from the above should be regarded as a disadvantage, the severity of which is directly proportional to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

Any dog ​​clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.

Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Miniature Bull Terrier

Standard miniature bull terrier bull terrier complies, except for the following:

Size: height at the withers should not exceed 35.5 cm (14 inches). There should be an impression of power, the corresponding size of the dog. Weight is not restricted, but the dog should look harmonious.

Character

Характер: 

Character Bull Terrier - perhaps the main feature that attracts the attention of the true owners of the breed. Typical Bull Terrier is energetic, curious, playful and funny. Furthermore, it is extremely affectionate to its owner or to the family as a whole. It seems that we are talking about the ideal dog, but every coin has a flip side, not always suitable owner, as well as to any given situation.

Davy Crockett of-Ernikor is typing a message on their successes. At the age of nine months he has already won the title of Best of Breed at the Westminster show in 1965

Bull Terrier - a unique personality. It combines tremendous strength of spirit, intelligence, tenderness and an amazing sense of humor that distinguish the breed from any other. Living with a bull terrier sometimes tedious, often confused and a troublesome, but never boring! It looks like it is a great pleasure to create around themselves an easy stir, turning everything upside down. I think that not always it will amaze and delight you. If you want to have a calm dog with a balanced temperament, do not take the bull. Bull Terrier, correctly understand people, easy to calculate in the crowd a man who hates dogs, and is unlikely to casually pass by! Often, his antics deliver a lot of trouble, sometimes annoying, but in the most difficult for you when it seems that the world is falling apart and everything falls out of your hands, Bull will certainly make you smile and forget about the troubles.

To your adult dog had good manners, as befits a true bull terrier puppy requires tough, reasonable discipline. If you doubt that, if necessary, be able to apply the most severe measures, you probably should not start a bull terrier. Without proper training, these energetic and self-confident dogs are prone to disobedience. They are extremely capricious, but never accept disobedience for stupidity! Bull Terrier can easily find your weak areas and try to use it to get around your neck and declare himself the "alpha" -liderom, so you immediately have to put it into place, thus showing who's boss. Once you show the slightest weakness, and the game is lost. Puppy training should start from an early age. Breeder handed to you "are inscribed on the canvas with its canvas", and you can either complete the picture or to spoil it ...! Everything depends on you. If you have neither the strength nor the time for proper cultivation and education of the dog, beg, get myself a hamster or goldfish.

In his youth, boule extremely active as three year olds in the dog's skin. They are extremely curious poke its nose into all the cracks, and playful, most bull terriers do not lose these qualities to the average age (5-6 years). Bull Terrier must constantly be busy with something. Therefore, more suitable for families energetic, perfectly fitting into their environment, and as a companion and as a friend. Dogs easily get used to a more relaxed atmosphere, and elderly people who are able to give them your full attention. Much worse when the long bull terriers have to sit alone at home or in the yard, unable to throw out the accumulated energy in it. In this case, boules, like a child of three, starting to get bored, to languish and destroy everything that gets in his way - nibble and break things, to refuse to comply with the cleanliness in the home or frankly crap in it, brehat without a break, chasing its own tail, and misbehave to the best of their abilities. Leave a bull terrier in the house of unattended so stupid and foolish as to lock in an apartment for eight to nine hours a little boy.

Bull Terriers are extremely affectionate to their owner and his family and, being by nature extremely vigilant, are usually excellent guards and watchmen. But we should not abuse these qualities, or boules classify you to their property and will begin to be jealous. Although all who want to see the dog guarding the home, this quality seems to be highly positive, but it can cause a lot of trouble, and especially if your pet does not distinguish between "good" and "bad" people unfamiliar to him. Whenever possible, Bull uses inherent in it the nature of the force is not able to peacefully pass the event, where it can be applied, for example do not hesitate to intervene in a childish fight or overly violent fights, gets violent games, often floating teeth and strongly pushing can knock down or jealously protect family members from strangers.

Bull Terriers love to be the center of all the events of family life, because of what need to be rigid and unquestioning discipline. They can get along well with children if they, like adults, to all things sensible. Buhl endure many children's antics, but do not allow yourself to tease and provoke, once and for all by saying that "no!". In the period of intensive growth and the formation of the character of a puppy, like a child, it requires careful and constant control on your part. He can tirelessly indulge in games without prodyhu chasing a ball, walk like a tethered for children and spend hours watching them fun.

Most Bull Terriers, with a few exceptions, happy to share the company of other dogs. Inexperienced males, whose life has not taught to do otherwise, as a rule, peacefully communicate with their fellow tribesmen. Ripen, they begin to fight for the lead, trying to gain the upper hand, which inevitably leads to clashes and showdowns between males. Now we should avoid them communicate with each other. Bull Terrier Dogs get along quite well with bitches of the breed, however, as those between them. With a couple or a bow, we should remember that boule jealous. Do not think that your dog, who enjoyed undivided attention of the entire family, willingly agree to give (or at least share) their privileges came into his home a puppy. He, like little children, whose lives are suddenly burst little brother or sister, you want to explain that the baby became a full member of the family.

Care and maintenance

It is human well-known journalist Ulrich Klever in their councils "Care bull terrier" in relation to guidance: "Easy to handle!"
This dog actually has minimal requirements for its content. Even when white bull terriers grooming usually required, brushing once or twice a week. Bathing in the first six months should be generally avoided because of the danger of a cold, and then only if the dog lying in a meadow with fresh manure, or while walking through the car workshop especially strongly soiled. If the wet weather the dog comes home after a walk, it is quite enough to drop a sponge in warm water, wring out and thoroughly clean the dog. Thanks to its good inclinations, it can quite happily with a minimum of training to clean feet. Dampness and dirt street eliminated so in a short time.

You must not forget that the true skin care is proper diet, matte coat color or staining are unambiguous indicators of disease dogs. This simple care for hair on a dog recommend it as a home dog, the content of which is not a problem.

With proper motion natural wear claws. Make sure that the dog was running not only on soft ground, but sometimes a long time on asphalt or stone. Then you will not be speaking, problems with the care of nails. If the dog runs only on soft ground, they need to be two times per week nail file handle to the desired length. Industry offers curling claws allows you to easily cut too long claws. The nails on the fingers bull terrier often not pigmented, so it is not difficult to define the boundary to which reach the nerves and blood vessels. Permission is granted to trim only acts out of the horn.

Pricked ears require significantly less maintenance than the heavy hanging ears. Air enters the inner ear, so that the disease ears that need to be cleaned once a week as a nursing baby stick with cotton on the end, is extremely rare. Please watch carefully and then to for this kind of treatment no more ears wool in the ears of the dog.

Bull Terrier's eyes thanks to its deep-seated well protected against external damage. As a rule, it is enough in the morning to remove minor contamination with a paper napkin.

Due to the partial origin from bulldog desire to movement of this breed is limited. Walk in the morning for half an hour and another half hour in the evening, it is for walking the bull terrier enough. Walk with a dog on a leash is impractical. It is growing up to be a dog leash, regardless of trot, canter and halt. Only in this way strengthens ligaments, muscles are developed enough. Traffic on the leash becomes dangerous to the anatomy of the dog only if she is allowed to drag. If the ligaments are not yet consolidated, excessive force is at the pulling or tearing ligaments stretching motion machine. When. walking the dog, by the way, it is not only a purely mechanical motion, and in particular the variety of experiences that all the senses perceive dogs as new. It is a ruthless education in zoos with easy care. Granted there herself in front of the dog dies.

Food

Thus the need for premises Bull Terrier we have a few problems, as few of them as regards its claims on a daily movement. And what about feeding? All dogs are mammals are primarily carnivores.

In no way the main components of this power can not be human remains on the table!

It is particularly important for the Bull Terrier that he, as a puppy, get all the nutrients necessary for its physical development.
Amazingly, this breed is growing rapidly, and at about 8 months of growth in height and length is finished. After this comes a further filling of "space" - a dog gets muscles.

At birth, bull terrier puppy weighs about 300 grams, 7 weeks puppies - already 5 kg, 6-month 20 kg and an adult dog 15 months of age weighing 23 to 32 kg. If you do this before the eyes of the rapid growth, especially the growth of the flesh, then you will understand that the younger dog needs a good feed, to really get the strength and the flesh, inherent in the breed.

Caution: The dog should be fed quantitatively rather less than more. Yet again pampered puppies turning them into a fastidious person eating or excessive gluttons as offer just everything and a bit more, so they did eat everything. This is exactly what is wrong. The owners are fed correctly only if their dog is hungry comes to its bowl, without interruption absorbs dish and repeat the same thing at the next meal. Located around the remains of food spoil your appetite and therefore should not be categorically. Hunger - the best cook. Overeating is harmful not just a bunch, but also character. You can spoil your dog for a short time meaningless indulgence and too abundant food! The cries for help, such as: "My dog ​​does not eat, too thin, only the best meat!" - Evidence of improper upbringing. There are extreme cases when the dog received only roasted fillet, another fills his dog through the power of food as before fattened geese. The poor dog, as they suffer the most if their feed is incorrect. Usually it is enough terrier healthy appetite, which is not always necessary to completely satisfy. I have already mentioned elsewhere about the extent to which misinterpreted the requirements of the food may be harmful to the health of animals. Bull Terrier should not look any more slender and less fat and neulyuzhim! Dry muscular body athlete - that's the purpose of a reasonable diet.

Especially important to a varied diet. We are constantly striving to ensure that the basic daily meal was repeated at the earliest after 4 days.
For example:

Day 1 - 80% meat, 20% fodder flakes, soaked with hot water.
2nd day - full board of the finished feed, which is good meat broth (soup bones, small chicken or meat soups) has additional flavors.
3 - day - canned.
4 - den - yogurt with cereal fodder, fruits, honey, egg, grape sugar and milk.

It is suitable for adult dogs, which are generally about 15 months with feed only once a day. Puppies are prepared in accordance with the instructions of breeders normal food for the first 7 weeks of first four times a day, 3 months, three times, with the first 9 months of twice.
Balanced diet is crucial. Too little nutrient and too much (for example, too many vegetable and animal protein!) May cause adverse effects or metabolic disorders. With a share of meat from 1/3 to 2/3 of the maximum you are on the right track. Needed when growing calcium, fish oil, minerals and vitamins.

Training and education

Дрессировка и воспитание: 

Bull Terrier - a partner, a family member, he must be aware of everything that happens, he will always be there for you no matter what you're doing. It needs a society for a long period of loneliness is unbearable Bull, though grown-up dog can sleep in a chair for hours, waiting for hours to return the hosts. Energy and temperament overflowing, especially in young dogs would bother phlegmatic, but they can also cheer up, stir, stimulate the desire to move, walk and play with his beloved dog. Bull Terrier is sure to become a favorite pet of the family. His intelligence enables him to feel you and get your approval. It feels good tones of your voice, mood, and "can not" is always opposed to "do not you dare ever" or "and maybe you can." Bull Terrier stubborn, and if you can "afford" it will certainly afford. In this case, you will be spoiled child, a baby sleeping in your bed, loved and loving, kind and gentle. But only on the condition that you - a good man, devoid of aggressiveness and aggression are not willing to have his dog. Otherwise, you bring up uncontrollable monster. The fate of these animals develops, usually tragic, and always to blame people.

But if you have experience in the training of dogs, or you balanced person, approached seriously to the issue of the acquisition of Bull Terrier, ready to firmly and patiently educate and house trained it is possible to guarantee the complete satisfaction of the pleasure of communicating with a well-mannered dog. Simplicity, smooth coat, minimal maintenance facilitate your care: in rainy weather just need to wash and dry dog ​​paws dry towel.

Bull Terrier - the embodiment of power, strength and power with muscular body and strong bones. His movements relaxed and springy. He loves the sport and physical activity. Your terrier will be grateful to you if you help him walk "let off steam". Leave the mountain with his stick or bus from the car, offering to go down and bring it to you so that you have done it again and again; winter ride you or your child on a sledge or ski, and in summer - on a bicycle; or play any other game, allowing the dog to keep fit.

Bull Terrier is not a homebody. He loves the car, picnics, garden, travel. It is not always loves to swim, but jumped into the water stick, you can try to teach him.

It is important to understand the Bull Terrier that he in the family hierarchy ranks last after children, grandparents, and even cats. Therefore, never restore justice in the presence of a dog, even if the fault is not a dog, and another family member.

While still a bull terrier puppy should be accustomed to give family members a bone or a bowl of food without growling. Let him know that you are unhappy with any manifestation of aggression against someone else that you do not suffer. But you have to be sincere, otherwise the dog will understand that you like her behavior and assimilated it forever.

Be just, and will forgive any dog ​​you slap obtained on merit.

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