Cane Corso

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Information and History

Общие данные и История породы: 

Cane Corso - it is very beautiful, intelligent and elegant dog whose story is very original and full of critical moments. In the process of its formation, the breed Cane Corso repeatedly found itself on the edge of complete degeneration, and only the efforts of concerned breeders managed to save her. In addition, the interesting fact is that as an official breed of the dog was registered only at the end of the last century, although the history of the breed goes back centuries. Find reasons for such strange, at first glance, discrepancies can look into the history of the formation of the breed Cane Corso.

The roots of this Italian breed goes back to Roman times. That representatives of Molosser dogs there enjoying popularity and were eventually withdrawn from the Cane Corso. Furthermore, by examining the structure, size and habits of the breed, many scientists have concluded that in addition to the ancestors Molosser dogs Cane Corso should also apply fighting dogs, is actively developing in the ancient Carthage and Macedonia. Such a strong foundation for the breed makes its representatives magnificent, fearless guards and bodyguards, as evidenced by the name. The word "Corso" at the time of the creation of the breed had a different meaning and translates from the Italian as the protector, the guardian, Warhorse. The word "canoe" is translated as a dog.

The first mention of the breed Cane Corso found in various sources dating back to XV century AD. They mention the most diverse applications dogs. Some authors describe in their works for bear hunting nobility, which was attended by a dog of this breed. According to other sources, it was clear that they are actively used to protect livestock and property owner. Loyal dog's character can easily make her child, and she in turn took care of it and played with her like. According to some sources are preserved even mention the use of dogs in gladiatorial combat. Well-preserved image gives reason to believe that the Cane Corso was used even in the battles with the lions for the amusement of the public.

The value of this breed of dogs proved by numerous references in ancient works of art. They are mentioned in many literary works, poems. They are depicted on ancient bas-reliefs, scientists are finding a lot of statues, the proportions and characteristics that prove that this is a dog breed Cane Corso. The dog was so popular that it was mentioned even in the folklore and proverbs.

The first critical period for rock falls on the period of the fall of the Roman Empire. Roman were careful breeding breeders breed, developing her all the necessary qualities and proportions. This dog was considered a truly aristocratic. But after the collapse of the empire, became engaged in breeding of the broad masses, which led to a huge number of variations of the breed. This state of affairs has led to the fact that the Italian nobility was extremely negative about the breed Cane Corso, considering it is unworthy in their nurseries.

This led to the fact that uncontrolled breeding has acquired even greater proportions. The nurseries were created dozens of new species that slowly washed particular breed. The character and appearance of the dogs adjust to the needs of each individual owner.

Further aggravate the situation rampant urbanization of the time. Cane Corso belongs to freedom-loving dogs and especially good feel in the countryside. It was there that they opened their potential. However, the rapid growth of cities led to an equally rapid decline in the number of representatives of the breed, who were no longer needed. As a result, the breed disappeared almost completely preserved only in a few nurseries, whose owners simply could not afford the species disappear.

For many years, all interest in the Cane Corso breed disappeared. He was revived towards the end of the XX century. Renowned scientist Breber exploring the life and history of Italian rural hinterland, focusing on the rock, as an integral part of rural life in Italy. Moreover, in his article, he strongly advertised breed Cane Corso, which led to the creation of a company engaged in the development and popularization of the breed. Breber himself took pride of place in the ranks of fans of dogs.

The path to universal acceptance has been very simple. A huge variety of species of rocks led to frequent quarrels among members of the community. They could not agree on what should be the standard of the breed. But, nevertheless, at the beginning of the 1990s this standard was developed in January 1994 Cane Corso breed was officially recognized and recorded in the stud book.

After the recognition of the breed and the submission of its wide range of Italian breeders breed began to gain more and more popularity. In Italy, the association was established Cane Corso. Every dog ​​owner wanted to have in your collection representative of the breed, which strongly contributed to the Italian Association. However, the increased interest in the breed again almost destroyed her. Buying a Cane Corso puppies, inexperienced breeders sought only for profit, without worrying about the purity of the breed. Very often, in the process of selecting involved defective puppies and BOB remained unclaimed. Mindless interbreeding with other species has led to the loss of the characteristic qualities of the breed.

Two years after the recognition in Italy, the breed was officially recognized at world level. But a huge number of variations of the breed led to the association of Italian Cane Corso obsessed editors and specification of the accepted standard that would clearly identify which species belong to the official line. The standard was adopted in 2003.

Today, a representative of the breed Cane Corso used as a guard and bodyguard many famous people. This dog is a sign of prestige and wealth in the highest circles.

Breeding work of the last decades has allowed to restore the courage and instinct of defender rock and even though they are far from the level of their ancestors gladiators, but still are excellent guards and a reliable comrade.

Breed standard

Стандарт породы: 

GENERAL FORM
This dog is quite large, large, powerful yet elegant, with a clear relief muscles.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS
Stretched format (body length exceeds its height). The length of the head reaches 36% of the height at the withers.
BEHAVIOUR / CHARACTER
The guard of property, family and livestock. In the past it was used for herding cattle and instill an appreciation in the big game.
HEAD
Wide typically Molosser. The line of the forehead and the muzzle (nasal) intersect.
CRANIAL
Skull: Broad cheekbones width equal to or greater than its length. Convex in front, the forehead becomes flatter to the occiput. The medio-frontal furrow.
Stop: defined.
FACIAL
Nose: Black and large, with large well-opened nostrils. Located on the same line as the nasal bridge.
Muzzle: Strong, square, much shorter than the skull, in proportions approximating 1 to 2. When viewed from above the muzzle is flat, the sides are parallel. Width muzzle greater than its length. Bridge of nose straight.
Lips: moderately pendulous upper lips cover the mandible, so that they define the lower profile of the muzzle.
Jaws / Teeth: Jaws very broad, strong, curved. Bite - a light snack. Level bite acceptable, but not desirable.
Eyes: medium size, slightly convex, oval, straight set. Eyelids close fitting. Colour as dark as possible according to the color of the coat (fur). Look lively and attentive.
Ears: Triangular, drooping, broad at the base, set high. Often cropped in the shape of an equilateral triangle.
NECK
Strong and muscular, the same length as the head.
HOUSING
Slightly longer than the height at the withers. Powerfully built, but not chunky.
Withers: Pronounced, above the croup.
Back: Straight, very muscular and firm.
Loins: Short and strong.
Croup: Long and broad, slightly sloping.
Chest: chest horoshorazvita in three dimensions. It descends to the level of the elbow.
TAIL
Set on fairly high. Very thick at the base. Docked at the fourth vertebra. When the dog is in motion, the tail is lifted, but never rises vertically and not twisted.
LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS
Shoulders: Long, oblique, very muscular.
Shoulder: powerful.
Forearms: Straight and very strong.
Wrist and pastern: elastic.
Front feet: cat feet.
HINDQUARTERS
Thigh: Long and broad. The back line of thigh convex.
Shin: dry, not fleshy.
Hock: Moderately pronounced.
Hock: Wide, sinewy.
Hind feet: Slightly less compact than the front.
MOTION
Wide, very long stride. The preferred gait - trot.
SKIN
Sufficiently dense and well fitting.
SHIRT
COAT
Short, shiny, very dense, with little undercoat.
COLOUR
Black, lead-gray, slate-gray, light gray, light red, red-fawn, dark fawn, brindle (polosyraznogo tones of red-haired or gray background). In the case of red and brindle on the face should be black or gray mask, without departing from the line of the eyes. White markings on the chest, on the tips of the feet and on the bridge of the nose.

HEIGHT AND WEIGHT

Height at the withers: Dogs 64 - 68 cm .; Bitches 60 - 64 cm .; allowed deviation to 2 cm. in either direction

Weight: Males 45 - 50 kg .; females 40 - 45 kg.

LIMITATIONS

Any deviation from the above should be considered a fault which will be penalized depending of type of degree.

Significant shortcomings

The parallel lines of the forehead and the back of the nose or snout turned up; toe-side lines of the muzzle (wedge-shaped snout zauzhayuschayasya).

Incomplete pigmentation of the nose (not dyed spots).

Scissors bite, overshot a significant departure (buldozhina).

The tail is raised vertically or curved.

Permanent amble when running.

Height above or below the prescribed standard.

ELIMINATING FAULTS

The discrepancy between the lines of the forehead and muzzle (drooping face).

Completely dyed nose.

Nasal bridge arched or hunchbacked (ram's nose).

Overshot.

Complete or partial depigmentation of the eyelids; eyes of different color; strabismus.

Tailless or kinked tail (docked or not).

Semi-long coat, cropped, fringed.

All colors not indicated in the standard; large white patches.

* * *

NB: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 

Standard Comments received from Guido Vandoni (expert FCI, breed expert) in 1998 at the exhibition "Eurasia - 98"

-Tell Me, please, what should be a bite at the Cane Corso and allowed Does missing teeth?

-By Standard at the Cane Corso must be undershot with a withdrawal of up to 5 mm. or hearty snack. Valid "ticks" that is, bite. Prikusnozhnitsy or waste more than 1 cm. Are undesirable, and overshot - vice. However, determining a profile of the muzzle, which should be rectangular or almost square, with straight, parallel lines. And we should not forget that with age, the bite is changing, and often the dog, which had in juniors "scissors" in the open class has already "ticks" or snack. The absence of premolars or incisors, do not interfere bite, not scary. However, in the preparation of the breeding pair, it is desirable to pay attention to polnozubost, and if one of the producers are missing premolars, it is better to choose a partner with a complete dental formula.

-You Said that the scissors bite is undesirable. Whether it is for the lower estimate, if the dog is good for all the other parameters?

No, do not. But often scissor bite at the Cane Corso is too long too narrow snout, some pointed to the nose when viewed from the top and beveled on the chin when viewed from the side, because of the underdeveloped lower jaw - this is a serious defect. If the geometry of the head is not broken and the dog has the correct exterior, it can get and "excellent", and all possible titles.

-Obyasnite, Please, what can be the length of the tail. The standard says that the tail is docked at the fourth vertebra. However, for us and a lot of dogs in Italy, with a short tail. Is this a disadvantage?

The length of the tail, as well as the shape and length of the ears, does not matter. It's more a matter of taste: some like short, someone - authenticity. By the way, with a short tail of the dog's body visually it seems shorter, squarer.

In Italy zavodchi kikupiruyut tails in different ways. Someone on the 1 - 3rd day after birth. Someone after 8 - 10th week at the same time relieves the tail, ears and remove dewclaws on hind legs. And some put on a puppy's tail dense rubber ring (which sometimes can slide up or down), and the tail gradually withers.

However, it happens that the tail is cut short to hide the birth defect - a break. But it is on the conscience of the breeder.

The expert for the evaluation of the length of the tail of the dog does not decrease. The same applies to the ears, if one ear or both "lie" on the head, or worse are too short, long or unevenly cut - this is not a disadvantage.

Comments to the standard of the book Catherine Shlychkova.

Cane Corso dog is rather large, strong, powerful, sporty and elegant at the same time, plastic, with excellent dynamics.
As we know, the breed is relatively young, is in its infancy, so tracing the stages of formation, conventionally there are several types.
Type "Mastiff":
Massive, overweight, somewhat heavy and flabby dog, too pendulous, with raw, fat sagging lips with drooping eyelids, with excessive folds, a bit short neck and unnecessary suspension is very similar to mastino - Napoletano.
Type "dog":
Dogs too large, high on the legs are not strong enough and bony, few legkovat, chested, sometimes overly stretched. The head is small, the forehead rather flat, "stop" smoothed. The lines of the forehead and the back of the nose parallel. The skull is not enough volume, with weakly expressed cheekbones, elongated, rectangular shape. Muzzle longish and narrowish. The dog looks like a dog.
Type "bullmastiff".
Large and powerful, good physical development of a dog with a deep chest, strong, broad and strong back. The spherical shape of the head resembles the head of bullmastiff by round (not square) skull excessive rounded forehead, very deep "stop", the small, close and deep-set eyes, too short (less than 34%) of the muzzle with a lot of wrinkles, fat, raw lips and drooping Bryl.
Type "boxer":
Not large, medium and below medium size, stocky and compact, square format of the dog, barrel-feeding. Characterized roundish skull excessive cheekbones, too upturned, "zakurnoshennaya" muzzle, concave bridge of the nose. Most significantly undershot. Broken straight profile of the muzzle, lower jaw protrudes forward too. Roundish eyes.
Type "American Staffterer":
Medium size, correct structure, with well developed muscles. Head shape resembles American Staffordshire Terrier due to a convergence of the side lines of the muzzle, forming a wedge-shaped, tapering to the nose snout (when viewed from above), and not enough volume and deep as a few flattened skull (when viewed from the side). Often these dogs are overly aggressive and pugnacious.
Once again, I stress that the above listed types are conditional. They are not desirable, and in the process of breeding, in the preparation and selection of steam producers need to consider these disadvantages and try to correct them.

What should ideally be a "real" Cane Corso?

First of all, I want to emphasize that the Cane Corso, like all Molossoid and mentally and physically mature for a long time. "Ready," fully formed Cane Corso "in all its glory" will be only after two and a half - three years. Up to 15-18 months puppy actively stretches, grows up, and then - in breadth: the husband. So, be patient. No need to wear a weighting, increase the load ahead of time to unleash your pet, in the hope that the dog will zamatereet. It can only hurt. Nature has its own laws: everything has its time. Do not hurry, do not run ahead of the engine, let your Cane Corso grow. After a 12-year-old boy, no matter how thin and angular, he was not necessarily change for 18 years, and after forty years, probably will get a hefty paunch and size 52-54. Heaven and earth between the same dog at the age of 11 months and three years. It's a shame there when the owner sooner has exposed the young, not ready, and the dog did not get first place, upset, offended, disappointed in the shows and no longer shows your pet already formed when he in all its glory. Do not burn out prematurely, as in sports - Set a goal and achieve it. I think we only those who "do not really need" lazy and do not have the title of "Champion of Russia".
More focus on some of the most important articles.

Teeth and bite (Figure !!!). Almost the most sensitive issue. The standard says that the Cane Corso must be a light snack (about 0.5 cm), ticks are allowed, but not desirable, nozhnetseobrazny undershot bite and a significant departure - lack. Overshot - disqualifying fault.

Several years ago, I had spent a lot of effort to convey to the Russian experts, which undershot at Cane Corso - is good, it is necessary under the standard. Quite often dogs reduced rate or even removed from the ring with the words "your dog everything is fine - great, and be it the first, only to bite - the trouble: a snack."

Today, many experts the other extreme - for them the main thing that was a snack and still with some waste. In Italy, it is sufficient to strictly apply to nozhnetseobraznomu bite and a very large bite to eat, and even more so to buldozhine (offset lower canines and upper jaw), if broken straight profile of the muzzle.
So respected experts, know that at the Cane Corso and nozhnetseobrazny undershot bite and strong - that's not good.

But answering the question of "whether or not to reduce for that assessment or not?", I fully agree with and support the view Guido Vandoni and other experts - breeder, who believe that defining moment Cane Corso in the first place is (again) the line profile of the muzzle. (drawing!)

Ideally, when viewed from the side, the angle between the nasal bridge (bridge of the nose) and the front line of the muzzle must be straight, ie equal to 90 degrees.
If the lower jaw forward excessively issued, the angle is less straight and is typically 80 degrees. Conversely, if the "lacking" lower jaw, it korotkovata, the angle is greater than 95 degrees. In both cases, broken straight profile of the muzzle. When such deviations rightly considered a strong or undershot bite nozhnetseobrazny a fault and the lower estimate. If the dog is "in style" pedigree, the right profile of the muzzle straight, lower jaw wide enough square, facing forward and slightly upper hand, then, I believe, do not find fault with much bite. This is especially true of dogs were exhibited in puppies, juniors and intermediate class. After all, everyone knows that bite during the life of a dog "walks" and changes with age today - live tomorrow - snack after tomorrow, suddenly, - scissors. And after a while - again undershot.

By the way, I noticed that it is not rare dog who too long, too narrow snout, and at the same time - a snack, and at their Littermates, with short, bulk-filled face and straight profile of the muzzle - nozhnetseobrazny bite. So figure it out!

On the number of teeth (Figure !!!). At Cane Corso puppy - 32 teeth. After the change (3.5 - 8 months) to 42: on the upper and lower jaw of 2 canines and between 6 incisors of the lower jaw with teeth right and left side - 4 premolars and 3 molars; at the top - 3 premolar and 2 molar. Sometimes there are 7 puppies and more cutting edges, and even dual cutters (from the same root are growing two tooth). Not fear. Especially, after the change of teeth "extra", as a rule, do not grow. But if the incisors (roots) is the lack of less than six (unless it is an injury, what should be the appropriate document).

To date, the Cane Corso allowed no one to two premolars. However, the selection of breeding pairs is complete teeth need to be considered (ie. E. If one of the partners is not a complete dental formula, the latter must be "sharp-toothed").

Head. (Figure!) When viewed from the side of the head can see, almost square skull somewhat convex in the forehead, bridge of the nose straight line and the right angle formed by the muzzle and the front line of the muzzle. The back of the nose should be no bump, no bend (sunken) is not convex (saiga's nose). The lines of the forehead and the snout (nasal) intersect. The transition between the face and forehead, the so-called "stop" is well defined, and forms an angle equal to 105 degrees. Important proportions: from the nose to the "stop" 34% and "stop" to the occiput 66%.
The disadvantages are: flat forehead, enough volume, as it were "flattened skull" (type "American staffterer") is not sufficiently pronounced "stop", the parallel lines of the forehead and muzzle, muzzle too long, more than 34 percent of the (type "dog"), and also too short to bend or too upturned snout (type "boxer"). Excess folds on the face, suspension, pendulous (type "Mastiff" or "bullmastiff") is also not desirable. And also: the divergence of lines of the forehead and muzzle (drooping face); the angle between the muzzle and the front line of the muzzle of more than 95 degrees - "not enough" of the lower jaw, it is a bit short, and the angle less than 80 degrees - the lower jaw forward unnecessarily issued (overshot or undershot with a large departure respectively). Nose must not come forward for a straight line or be too short. (Pictures!)

When viewed from the front of the head we see a square skull, several rounded cheeks in, parallel the side lines. Fas muzzle formed wide open nostrils and jaw looks like a trapezoid with a broad base. Disadvantage: FAS rectangular face and muzzle, which has views from the front trapezoid zauzhayuschimsya base.

And finally, when viewed from above, we see a square, somewhat rounded at the cheekbones and the skull is wide, flat, almost rectangular face whose width is greater than its length, formed by parallel side lines. Disadvantage: The wedge-shaped snout zauzhayuschayasya by toe sidelines.

Eyes of medium size, oval, slightly convex, straight and wide apart, lifted from the horizontal formed by the back of the nose to 10 degrees for males and 15 for females degrees. Since Cane Corso - molossian little emerges corneas. Look - a lively, expressive and attentive. Undesirable: eyes bulging, close-set, drooping, with a very open lower eyelids, too round, large or small. Eye color independent of coat color. Valid gray eyes and gray dogs amber or light brown from pale yellow. In any case preferable as it is possible darker pigment eye. By the way, the presence of a large number of Cane Corso black and black brindle with overly bright eyes - this is the problem, and in Italy and in Russia. When choosing the color of the pairs of eyes to pay attention and to correct this deficiency in the process of breeding.

Ears hanging and half hanging, wide at the base, set high, usually cropped in the shape of an equilateral triangle. You can not arrest.
The neck at the Cane Corso is a very strong and muscular, rather long and dry, without excess suspension.

Housing.

Cane Corso somewhat elongated (its length is greater than the height at the withers), strongly built, but not squat, powerful and elegant at the same time. Withers expressed above croup. Back straight, broad, strong and muscular. The loin is broad, strong and elastic. Croup is long and wide, slightly inclined. Chest well developed, wide and deep.
It is not advisable following shortcomings in the structure of the body: Lightweight weighted or backbone, bend (pereslezhina) or roach back, a failed withers, highly-backawn. Croup too short, narrow, heavily sloping, with protruding Mosley.

The limbs are strong, very strong, straight, parallel and placed well, with well developed muscles and relief enough angulated. But we should not forget that the Cane Corso - a Molossoid and excessive "saber" for them is not typical. Cane Corso have a terrific speaker, and plastic. Movements like the movement of a panther: the powerful, free, confident, sweeping, with a strong push, the preferred gait - wide lynx and lynx, turning into a gallop. Cane Corso is very hardy, agile and graceful.

As with most breeds, the downside is (drawing!): Close or too wide in the limbs, rather weak pastern, libertine paw twisted elbows, club foot, toes-out, barrel or iksoobrazny hocks of the hind limbs, the convergence hocks, short (the substituted) hindquarters , straightening of hock, shackled, uncertain, mincing movement.

About tail. Cane Corso tail straight, thick at the base, standard docked at the fourth vertebra. In some countries, docked tail and ears banned (Germany, Finland, Switzerland, Sweden and others) according to the requirements of Greenpeace. The tail is on the croup and at rest hangs down when the dog is active or excited, the tail is raised significantly above the croup. The tail should not hang around a candle, like a fox terrier, curled into the ring to be too low set or have a break. According to the standard tailless or short docked tail is considered a disadvantage, as it is often cut short to conceal the birth defect - kink tail. But it is not always the case. Still often cases when aktirovku to Moscow from another city brought litters in which all puppies docked as a Rottweiler or boxers. Dear veterinarians, please remember: Cane Corso tail docked after the fourth vertebra (3 cm from its base). Length - can be shorter - not!

Experts also advise thoroughly probe the vertebrae in dogs with short docked tail to determine: whether the break. If there is a break, the evaluation can and should be reduced if the break is not detectable - at your discretion. In any case it is necessary to make a mark in the corresponding description of a dog.

I think that today in Russia we have a sufficient stock of Cane Corso with beautiful, typical head and to improve the breed should pay special attention also to the good body and limbs free of defects, and of course, a properly planted without breaks tail. This requires competent breeding, and that breeders were quite responsible and honest and do not sell puppies with a kink tail or other defects for stud.

Growth. I noticed that the Russian population as a whole is larger than the dogs in Italy. Perhaps due to the fact that the historic homeland increasingly used line breeding and inbreeding or climate warmer. Maybe we feed and grow differently. By the way, I noticed that many of the breed in our country become larger over time. Of course, we love everything in Russia is large, fundamental, but must adhere to the standard, because the Cane Corso is primarily a working dog. A surplus of growth and weight creates difficulties in growing (may be problems with the feet) and difficulties in the work. Exterior and growth, in the first place, should best meet the breed purpose - to be strong, agile and reliable bodyguard. It is also important that the dog had been proportionate, strong, athletic, and both plastic and elegant. Height 70 cm above and 58 cm below - is undesirable.

Many of the above defects can be both genetic flaws that are inherited from ancestors (eg - amble, kink tail, bright eyes, tan), due to the mismanagement of selection of producers and the result of improper feeding and rearing, carried in the formation and growth Cane Corso diseases and injuries. Some disappear with age, the adjusted exercise, proper nutrition and care, as well as masked competent, professional ground handling.

About the color: the most characteristic and typical colors - a black, black and brindle and brindle different shades ranging from gray to reddish-tiger-tiger. Often, at the time aktirovki at the age of 1.5 months, the puppy is pure black or pure sable and 2.5-3.5 months later he appeared the stripes. Cane Corso are also gray color: dark gray (wet asphalt) to light gray (silver or slate) and red: red-deer-fawn to light. When these colors on the face mask is obligatory black, but not above the level of the eyes and a black nose and dark eyeliner around the eyes. Eye color can be basic color tone of light brown, amber for dogs and pale gray to gray, but in any case, a black eye color is preferred. When all colors allowed white spots on the chest, neck (tie) on the chin, on the bridge of the nose (blaze) on the fingers and the tips of the tines (white finger nail can be too white). The spot should not be too large (for example, during the whole breast), but its value principle does not matter. And the number and size of the white markings is corrected in the process of breeding, through proper, thoughtful backwater partners. White spots on the head, neck and body are not allowed. Cane Corso should not be tan, chocolate, cream or white.

In my observation of the dog's black, gray, fawn and brindle colors often differ among themselves on the exterior and type. Some experts in Italy even offer to put them in different rings, depending on the color (like a taxi, for example). Often black Cane Corso mostly belong to the type "dog", gray - a type of "Mastiff", yellow - of the type "boxer" or "American staffterer." The most common - it is usually brindle cane corso (from black to gray tiger-tiger).

Character

Характер: 

Speaking frankly, the appearance of the Cane Corso is impressive, and even timidity. Indeed, the power and strength of the body is accompanied by a serious expression muzzle. Hardly a stranger comes up with the idea to stick to the Cane Corso with syusyukanem or try to pet it.

One of the main qualities of the character of Cane Corso - a clear separation of all the people around him and the animals into friends and foes. The temperament of the dog well-balanced, devoid of increased aggressiveness, so just because it never will attack and bite. But if she feels the invasion of its borders, it is not a joke and bristles can act on their own initiative, without even stopping the offending team's owner.

It is intelligent and clever dog, which wonderfully combines the nobility of movement with a strong constitution. This seems all the more extraordinary that this breed has always been, as they say, close to the people, it is not arrogant aristocracy, and looked through it a living soul and immediate temperament of the Italian nation.

As a true Italian Cane Corso kind to his family and especially to children. They selflessly devoted to his master and his whole appearance showed a desire to serve him faithfully. They readily carry the team, but their main mission - not distracted by training, and the role of protector and caretaker.

Cane Corso always in control, with the first gusty movement stranger give him to understand that it does not descend from their watchful eyes. Unlike many other large dogs, they are aware of their power, so they can prevent up games with young children. Cane Corso did not shoot down baby down and not scare him, for them the worst punishment - a crying child who is under their protection.

Cane Corso can not be bribed or treat divert his attention from the main function - to protect his family. This dog will go to the end, protecting its borders and those she loves. Due to increased loyalty and affection that comes back in puppyhood, dogs are very hard to survive separation from the host. We need to think well, that noble heart Cane Corso is able to love only once, and did not survive treason on your part if you choose this breed just for the sake of prestige, and then willing to give up your pet.

Also worth noting is the amazing intuition of this breed, which is manifested in the fact that it is a good sense of danger. Cane Corso lightning able to respond to aggression on the part of another person or dog, but they are well aware of the boundaries between the game and the real danger of a possible threat.

Care and maintenance

Questions proper care are essential to the health of the dog and its suitability for further breeding. Even great vysokoporodnyh puppy can be unsuitable for exhibition career and breeding if neglect the maintenance of dogs.

In general, these dogs are unpretentious, but still there are a number of difficulties. It is necessary to pre-determine the choice of the place where your pet will live. The fact that his ancestors used to live in a fenced area, usually in the village yard. Since then, the Cane Corso perceive any fence as their border. In other words, if your Cane Corso since childhood to run throughout the apartment, he would take her entire territory of their ancestral lands, and it will be very difficult to convince him not to show special attention to guests and to the masters of repairs. If you keep your dog outdoors, then remember that our harsh winters too hard for her, in this regard, do not forget to provide her enough warm booth. Little puppies on cold days it is better to keep in a heated room.

Kudos to the breed has forced many people to abandon the opinion that large dogs are more suitable for private homes. Therefore Cane Corso in city apartments are not uncommon. Of course, he can sit quietly for a while and wait until you pay attention to it, but without the games and exercise, it will check the strength of a variety of home furnishings and interior materials of your apartment. It is therefore useful to organize a walk with games, jogging and fuss with other dogs.

Another important point - it is grooming itself it is not difficult, you just need to periodically comb her stiff brush. But due to lack of undercoat parasites cause Cane Corso a lot of trouble, quickly getting to his skin. Treatment of fleas in the warmer months of the mites will protect your dog from suffering and disease.

Among the other important hygiene is cleaning the ears, especially if they are cropped. They quickly accumulates dirt that must be removed with gauze soaked in a special solution.

Feeding

Favorite treat Cane Corso is the meat, and this is not surprising, because a large dog, it is essential for energy. Grow a reliable guard on gruel and vegetables can not be. Dog necessarily need the inflow of proteins, but at the same time, the food should be varied, that is, even if the financial capabilities allow only feed the pet and meat by-products, need to find a place for a more affordable, but also beneficial diet. We are talking about dairy products, grain cereals, vegetables, and (if you can persuade your pet) of fruits and berries. Strongly recommended to give raw fish with bones, especially the river, because it can be a variety of parasites, are also banned smoked, sweets and foods with excess carbs. It is useful to give a big bone to gnaw. If you give a dog raw meat, do not forget to take timely prevention of internal parasites.

All this variety can be replaced and a good dry food, but in this case it is necessary to immediately determine that you choose. Most dogs are reluctant to go to the dry feed on natural food, and vice versa. Especially sharp transitions are harmful to the digestive system.

Training and education

Дрессировка и воспитание: 

Cane Corso dog belonging to the Molosser group has a strong character and may even show stubbornness and perversity. This problem is easily overcome if the time zanyatsyavospitaniem (not dressuroy) "robust fellow four-legged" and remember that a dog of this breed mentally and physically formed relatively late, at 2-3 years.

About training, as such, can be found in any literature, I just want to note especially education of this breed. Caen - no shepherd, thoughtlessly and quickly execute your command, it will not, so the whole process of learning should be built on the game. Analyze the behavior of your dog, find out what may be its interest and use this time to "lessons". The psyche of young dogs may be vulnerable, easy to "disrupt" the animal avert him from his work, so the "lessons" should not be too lengthy. Optimal Time - 20-40 minutes, depending on the condition of the dog and its willingness to work.

I would also like to say a guard dog (PCL). Dogs of this breed have an innate sense of the territory and protection of "their". If targeted and too early to start developing in pet rancor, in the end, you may get a huge, uncontrollable beast, whose motto is: "kill," and believe me, to cope with the 60-pound dog can not have nobody, not even the owner. The future of these dogs - sad.

Remember, you need only to train a dog running an experienced instructor, it is desirable that it has experience with this breed.

About training

Puppies Cane quite raw as any Molossoid excessive exercise your baby contraindicated. Try to simply, efficiently and in a timely manner to feed your pet to walk - that is enough. In no case do not hang a dog with loads of ammunition, in the harness wheel drive for a bicycle, etc. Molosser group grows and develops quite slowly and its interference can disrupt or even halt the development of puppy's body. The best mode considered walking - 3-4 times a day. Do not let your "baby" to be worn till you drop with more nimble adult dogs. Cana - quite stubborn animal will run until the last - "frustrate" the heart. Little puppy is also highly undesirable to force down the stairs - it negatively affects the joints and ligaments.

The younger the dog must be adapted to the city. If possible, take Caen with, meet with people and animals, then your dog will not feel insecure or irritation at the exhibitions. Also, it is necessary to accustom the animal to calm demeanor during his inspection strangers.

If you grow a big puppy, then do not overfeed it. Excess weight gives an excessive burden on the immature joints. It is better to let the year will be a small shortage of supply. This will oberezhete dog from possible problems.

The best exercise for a young dog - a swimming and jogging trot. Uniform load on all the muscles without straining the joints and back.

Do not pull up a little puppy (up to six months) if he climbs to outsiders. So you plant your puppy to trust people. Bringing up the aggression is much easier than to reduce the degree of distrust of the man. Ideally freely walk the dog should ignore strangers and respond to aggression with aggression. In no case the dog should not be unfriendly for no reason.

I recommend to start classes on the general course of training from 7-8 months. Only exclude jumps, slides and booms. Obstacles are overcome, when the dog will get stronger and will acquire musculature.

Kane Corso, like any other dog needs training and education. Do not get fooled by talk that high intelligence Cane Corso does not require training. This advertising ploy to sell a puppy.

Other Myths about Corso

to strengthen the ligaments recommended calm and tedious walking on a leash. slow and sad as I call it. pastern to gather into a ball (unless of course it's not genetichskoe structure is) is necessary to walk on gravel and crushed stone. Do not worry if your puppy climbs to people and expresses izslishnyuyu kindness. Make vicious dog is very simple. Let the kid grow in love and the belief that people are good. Eventually he learns to ignore them completely. But anger does not appear excessive. Cane Corso udivetelno smart - do not interfere with them to explore the world. Cane Corso puppies savvy kids - some teams early training will help you to make contact with the baby. Simple commands like "sit," "lie down" can try 2-3 months. do not forget to encourage your baby snacks.

Power Cane Corso - a serious matter. In no case your young Course should not be plump. Better to let up to a year and a half years will look stylish and fit. hard rock, respectively, have a tendency to diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Being overweight causes extra strain on the immature communication and joints.

I recommend feeding Cane Corso super premium food for giant breeds of dogs, which include glucosamine. In summer the dogs receiving additional exercise, I recommend to feed the L-carnitine.

adenoma of the third century Cane Corso had a fairly common disease. caused by excessive moisture. most often it is inherited from the parents. adenoma treatment - surgical suturing of the third century. operation is simple and it should not be afraid! teeth Cane Corso puppies beginning to change from 4 months of age. in this period, ensure the baby toys, in order to avoid damage to your property. playing with other dogs very helpful both physically and psycho-emotionally. do not miss your Cane Corso dog society - is necessary for his social development! do not scold or punish your younger male Cane Corso, if he makes the "cages" to other dogs. and do not worry if that comes with it. At such moments, the dog show each other who is more important and older. nothing of a sexual nature, these "cages" are not. You can just pick up the dog and to switch to other games (sticks, balls, etc.) Cane Corso very sociable dog and collective. love to be in the spotlight. the soul of a dog. well-bred Cane Corso happy walking in a large group of dogs of different sexes.

When buying a Cane Corso puppy, always pay attention to the condition of hair, eyes. See how the baby goes to the toilet. And most importantly - how much the baby is mobile! young Cane Corso very, very active and playful as a puppy. boredom and inactivity should alert you. Cane Corso as any Molos late maturation and development. Males begin shiret to 2 years only.

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