Most dog lovers are closely linked Alsatian dog (EES) with a German shepherd, but many believe even that it is a rock. Of course, this has some truth, as the German Shepherd is a direct ancestor of Alsatian dogs, took shape in the Soviet Union as an independent breed. Such a transformation has been linked through the work of the Soviet dog handlers. This also played a role in the formation of the rock influence different climate, but the main significance lay still in the dedicated work of specialists.
The performance of German shepherd were evaluated in many countries, but because of the negative attitude to everything German after the First World War, this breed is changed and renamed. In working with this breed much success was achieved dog handlers from the Soviet Union, as were the young state needed a strong working dogs. New breed, so it was for professional dog handlers task that they put the Soviet regime.
In Moscow in 1924, it was established a nursery called "Red Star", which on the basis of a German Shepherd, and work has begun on a new breed. Due to the limited funding of the industry, as well as the inability to purchase currency for foreign manufacturers, the implementation of mass infusion of new blood took place only in 1945. At the end of the 2nd World War, the Soviet Union in nurseries, a host of captured German Shepherds who actively used during breeding.
Professional dog handlers set ourselves the task of creating a breed of dog that would be different from the character of the German Shepherd and would be a more durable and solid, that they succeeded. Although dogs have a resemblance, which can be traced some differences, Alsatian dogs of different breeds of German character and behavior. EES also had become a universal dog that would be suitable for use by South Asian Soviet republics to Kamchatka.
General GP Medvedev was proposed after World War II officially recognize the new Soviet breed and call it Alsatian dog. Merit and heroism during the war, the breed was named the most patriotic dog. In 1964, the first standard was adopted by the EES, the following standard, which has several amendments, adopted in 1976. Interestingly, the separation between a German shepherd and Alsatian dogs have been made. Work on the improvement of the breed took place until 1990, but then in the history of East European Shepherd reached a turning point.
When the Soviet Union collapsed, its many achievements have been criticized and questioned. Not an exception, and take into account Alsatian dog, which by someone associated with the beginning of the initiative of Stalin's repression. While the track record of the breed was significantly greater: during WWII Shepherd were messengers, sappers, and then used as sniffer dogs at the border, for the protection of people and property, in the search for explosives in the rescue work.
However, in 1991, the German Shepherd has been recognized on a global level and received standard of FCI. This fact has put Alsatian dog once underground, it was made even attempt to eliminate European Shepherd breed. Dogs of this breed simply excluded from the canine associations and clubs, as well as not have admission to the exhibition, because I think mongrel dogs. Only thanks to the efforts and great work carried out by amateurs, "Easterners" who genuinely appreciate this breed, managed to keep these interesting dogs. They continued to VEO breeding clubs, private nurseries, and conducted various mnogoporodnye exhibition. It may be noted that this "dark" period in the history of East European Shepherd has made even some his seminal contributions to the development of the breed, since the breeding left random people who are only interested in enrichment.
In response to the persecution of the EES was creeping rock formation "Kennel Association", which occurred in 1991. United genealogical books on knitting Alsatian dog appeared in 1999. Breed actively developed, it increases not only the exterior characteristics, but mainly continued development of service quality and training. Unique work carried out by connoisseurs of the breed has led to an increase in the number of dogs, though slowly, but steadily, which has led to the fact that Alsatian dog canine associations began to be recognized in Russia. The result of this activity was that the EES in 2002 was recognized as an independent breed canine organization RKF. Because of this breed it was returned last respect and honor.
What is different Alsatian dog from the German?
Despite the fact that the International Canine Federation does not recognize the individuality of EES, considering it a kind of a German Shepherd, it has many original features. The main differences between these two breeds Shepherds:
OUTFIT: East European Shepherd (EES) Dog-type strong build, above average height, stretched rectangular format, strong, with a strong, but not coarse bone and well developed muscles strong. Sexual dimorphism is well defined: Males are larger and more massive than bitches.
BEHAVIOUR / CHARACTER: East European Shepherd balanced, confident, considerate, easy to learn, with the active-defensive reaction, a reliable companion and protector.
HEAD: Wedge-shaped form, proportional to the size of the body, the length of approximately 40% of the height at the withers, volumetric, but not rough.
Skull: The skull is flat, rather broad between the ears and moderately deep. The forehead is almost flat, with slightly marked longitudinal groove or without. The eyebrow arches are moderately expressed. The upper longitudinal line of the skull and muzzle are parallel. Occipital protuberance slightly marked.
Transition from forehead to muzzle (stop): Medium length, moderately expressed.
Nose: The nose is big, black.
Muzzle: Wedge-shaped, tapering to the nose, along the length approximately equal to half the length of the head. Bridge of nose straight. The muzzle must not be pointed.
Lips: Tight and black. The pigmentation of dark gums.
Jaws / Teeth: Upper and lower jaw well developed, strong and powerful. Teeth are large, white, tight to each other, in the complete set (42 teeth according to the dentition formula). Scissor bite.
Cheeks: Not issued, slightly rounded.
Eyes: Medium size, oval, wide enough and moderately obliquely set, with black, tightly fitting lids. Eye color should be as darker.
Ears: Medium-sized or slightly larger, upright, high and fairly wide apart, in the form of an isosceles triangle with a slightly rounded ends. The rest can be a little hung; able to drive parallel to each other with their inner sides and ends of the ears point straight up.
NECK: Well muscled, without dewlap, some expands to the shoulders in length approximately equal to the length of the head. Delivered at an angle 40-45 ° to the back line.
BODY: A harmonious, proportional, somewhat elongated, rectangular-shaped, well-balanced.
Withers: Well pronounced. Height slightly greater than the height in the sacrum.
Back: Strong, broad, straight, fairly long.
Loin: Short, wide, muscular and slightly arched.
Croup: Broad, rounded, rather long, muscular, slightly descending to the base of the tail.
Chest: Oval-shaped, long, wide and deep, the bottom line of the chest is about elbow level or lower. The depth of the chest is 48-50% of the height at the withers. Ribs rounded enough.
Underline and belly: Belly moderately tucked up.
TAIL: The base of the tail is an extension of the croup. At rest hangs down; reaching hock or just below it; saber form in an excited state - the first third of the length of the tail in line with the back, the rest - are gradually bent upward. Well covered with hair.
FOREQUARTERS: Straight and parallel. The length of the forelegs from the elbow to the ground can be a little more than half the height at the withers.
Shoulders: Long, closely fitting to the thorax, slanting - inclined at an angle of 45 ° to the horizon.
Upper arm: Long, sloping. The angles of shoulder articulations about 100 °. Muscles are well developed.
Forearm: Straight, set vertically and parallel to each other.
Elbows: Tight and sent straight back: turning neither in nor out.
Pastern: Long, strong, springy, when viewed from the side set a little obliquely.
Front feet: Oval-shaped, arched and tight; pads thick and dark; The nails are strong, dark color.
HINDQUARTERS: Moderately tapering, when viewed from behind - parallel to each other, to the extent of a wide deliver.
Thigh: Medium length, well muscled.
Stifle: With angulated.
Shin: Moderate length.
Hock: Strong, well angulated.
Hocks: Strong, set vertically. Dewclaws should be removed.
Hind feet: Oval-shaped, arched and tight; pads thick and dark; pigmented claws.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Free, smooth, sweeping, well-balanced. A good drive from hindquarters, good groundcover forelegs. When viewed from the front or rear, limbs move in trot in a straight line. By increasing the rate of limb movements tend to approach the midline; joints of the front and rear extremities freely are unbent; back and waist elastic spring.
HAIR: Double: The guard hair is thick, harsh to the touch, straight, medium-length, tight; undercoat is well developed, thick and soft, usually lighter top coat. The hair on the head, including the inner surface of the ears, on the front of the legs, on feet and toes - short on the neck - slightly longer and thicker. On the back of the thighs hair longer and forms moderate "trousers".
black and gray, black and red with varying degrees of intensity (black & brown of varying depth); solid black;
black color, with separate areas of clarification: markings above the eyes, on the cheeks, on the chest, on the front and hind legs, or just on the fingers, around the anus; (black and tan, with varying degrees of severity)
sable gray (with a dark mask of varying intensity); for example, but not desirable red-sable.
The presence of small white markings on the chest and / or legs permissible but undesirable.
Desired height: for males - 67-72 cm, females - 62-67 cm.
DISADVANTAGES / DEFECTS: Any deviation from the above provisions should be regarded as negative / defect and the seriousness with which the fault / defect should be evaluated must proportionate to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
SERIOUS FAULTS / FAULTS:
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
The most striking feature of the nature of EES is its focus on its host. For him, it is ready to give his life, showing miracles of courage and obedience to his will. To outsiders it is incredulous, but has a balanced mind and nerves of steel, so no need to not show their strength and shows no overt aggression. At the same time lightning has active-defensive reaction to a dangerous situation.
The breed is ideal for training and readily demonstrate obedience, without trying to dominate and be the master of its independence. The dog never hurt other smaller animals. If the puppy from his childhood growing up in an environment of other pets, then later, after becoming a big and strong, it will not just be friends with them, but even to take care of them. "Easterners" by nature friendly, but exhibit this quality only surrounded by his family, and when you do not smell the danger. Innate instinct of guard and protector developed so much that the slightest suspicion of a threat to the landlord or property resulting peace to this dog alert.
In dogs, this breed is very good character in all its manifestations. This is a faithful friend of a man who is always cheerful, active and ready to defend his master and his family. Alsatian dogs like children can play with them and never hurt. But do not forget that all this is an excellent genetic heritage must be accompanied by proper education, or increase the dog does not correspond to the nature and behavior of the EES.
In Moscow on Poklonnaya Hill has a bronze statue of the front dog that became Alsatian dog. During World War II more than 60 thousand dogs of this breed have participated in the fighting.
This breed is quite unpretentious, and all she need is to provide minimum hygiene, give regular exercise and properly fed. Keep Alsatian dog can be like in a cage, and in the apartment, although due to the size of the dog is preferable, of course, the first option.
The ideal place would be content with a spacious enclosure booth, but it should be remembered that if the dog is first lived in the house, then it will be difficult to accustom to life in a cage she will howl and wants to go home. It is therefore necessary to determine the right place for the dogs, and the first days of its appearance in your home to accustom her to this place.
Shepherd does not need to completely wash more often than 2 times a year, and it should be done only when necessary. Usually the dog quite regularly comb, and it will look clean and well maintained. Regular brushing is useful and unique massage, which improves blood circulation, so do not be lazy to perform this procedure.
Also, do not forget about caring for their teeth, ears and eyes of your pet. If the dog is healthy, there is no need to do these procedures on a daily basis. Still, once in 2 weeks you need to clean the dog's ears dry cotton swab of excess sulfur. Occasionally you need to brush your dog's teeth by removing plaque, leading to the formation of tartar, which has already handle only a veterinarian. This is especially important for show dogs, as well as dental health affects the final score. If the eyes do not bother, it is better not to touch them, but when there are discharge from the eyes, it is necessary to remove them with a cotton swab.
Periodically dog flea treatment, it is recommended especially at the beginning and end of the "flea" season in May-June and again in October. Do not forget to give your pet anthelmintic drugs.
Alsatian dog served heroically in the Chechen war. In the town of Primorsko-is a monument to the dog elge who saved dozens of lives by detecting landmines and ammunition depots militants.
Alsatian dogs need to provide well-balanced nutrition. Do this by means of natural fodder is not simple, because the main diet of the dog is a protein, which means that a significant percentage in the diet is necessary for meat products. Useful and cereals, vegetables, herbs, dairy products, but still lightly-cooked meat in the diet should prevail. Very useful raw saltwater fish, especially puppies. River fish raw can not be given, since this leads to infection by parasites. Milk helpful puppies in a small amount, but it is contraindicated in adult dogs, but recommended dairy products: yogurt and fermented baked milk. Create a balanced menu for a large dog is not easy, so many owners make our life easier and choosing dry food ready.
Natural inclinations Alsatian dog to dog training is required to develop the first months of a puppy's life. Start this process is necessary to establish contact with the puppy, the owner and the dog must learn to understand each other. In order to develop the basic skills of obedience should be given to classes with a puppy at least 15 minutes a day. I would like at this age the dog will not be engaged for hours, some puppies and can not concentrate on executing commands more than 5 minutes. In this case, you need to divide the total time, for example, to engage in training for 5 minutes in the morning, afternoon and evening.
First, the main incentive is the development reflexes food. After the command, let your puppy a biscuit, and soon develop into a reflex of the command, and he will perform it automatically.
With 3 months of age should be taught to shepherd obedience while walking. On the street there is always background noise, and can always be any distractions: the cat ran, someone shouting, the signal machine. The dog must learn all this against the background of the owner to execute commands without being distracted by extraneous impressions.
With 4 months teaching their "Easterners" to overcome barriers, to execute a command aportirovki, then you can do tests on instinct, forcing the search for hidden things by smell. With 5 months at Shepherd need to develop service quality, if you are, of course, are interested in it. This exercise, involving strangers, when a dog is given the task to guard things, pursue and detain the offender. It should be noted that many of the "Easterners" this knowledge laid at the genetic level, so the process of training is very easy, provided the owner or experienced trainer. In such pageants is important to create favorable conditions for the puppy to always seek victory. Otherwise, he may be uncertainty in the forces.
Alsatian dog, passed the basic course of training, shall perform the following command: "To me!", "Next", "Sit!", "Stop!", "Down", "Walk," "Sic!" "Crawl", "place", "Stand!". It should also be able to overcome the boom and ladder, do not be afraid of shots and not to take food from strangers and do not pick it off the ground.
Typically, such a list of teams already makes the dog well-mannered and disciplined another, but you can go even further and undergo special training. Typically, this is required if the dog will be used in the service. Depending on the plans for the use of Alsatian dogs, she taught how protective guard, investigation, patrol and other services.