Pekingese

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Information and History

Общие данные и История породы: 

Brave lion fell in love once in a playful monkey. However flattered beloved from the union with the lion refused, as frightened difference in size. She offered him a brotherly friendship. King of beasts, which rejected much longed. Not knowing how to get rid of his sorrow, the lion turned to the Buddhist monk for advice, because the one in their native language studied forest animals. The sage asked the king of beasts, whether he is willing to sacrifice for the love of his great strength. The lion agreed without hesitation. Then the monk was read magic prayer, from which the king of beasts has decreased in size. After that, a miniature lion and a monkey were married. The fruit of their love was the noble dog, which inherited the lion's pride, courage, calm, wise eyes monkey and her cheerful disposition.

The story of the breed

This legend about the origin of the Pekingese is not the only one. The history of the breed dates back several thousand years and covered by a veil of mystery, the wonderful fairy tales and myths. No one knows exactly when the first lion dog appeared. However, it is known as the birthplace Pekingese was China - one of the most exotic and ancient world. The progenitor of the breed was the shirokomordy. Scientists believe that was tamed in the northern part of the country, and thanks to careful selection was bred aristocratic and long-haired dogs.

Others are a legend tells of how fire-breathing dragon precipitated temples and palaces of the emperor. Because of this, the rulers issued a decree on the destruction of creepy monsters. Then one of the reptiles, expecting offspring turned to God for the salvation of the mountains. God took pity and turned the little dragons in fearless and fluffy pekinsov who won the love of Chinese martial.

Immortalized dogs

On the eastern origin of the breed, and also show a large number of sculptures, which are still preserved in the gardens, palaces and temples. At every entrance to the ancient Chinese stately home definitely was a family of stone or bronze Pekingese. Usually one of the sculptures paw holds the ball, consuming glory and power, while the latter protects the lion statue - the symbol of joy and happiness.

The images and figures of dogs can be found in ancient Chinese palaces. Until now, researchers have detected small sculptures made of ivory, jade, enamelled gold, bronze and porcelain. Quite often mention of the breed can be found in Chinese literature, but more often in the painting. This elegant dog breed is portrayed in a solemn atmosphere in the paintings. Pekingese barking excitedly and gracefully rolling on the floor.

Canine Minister

Not many dogs have an impressive pedigree. Various artifacts and legends of the ancient world emphasize the unearthly origin, strong character, beauty and proud temper pekinsov.
Nevertheless, the history of breeding Pekingese know quite little. For centuries, dogs have such noble features, were the darlings of the emperors and so bred in a palatial luxury.
Only the imperial person had the right to keep this breed. And so aristocratic life Pekingese was a big secret. Attempts to solve it, let alone try to make beyond the nursery these dogs was punishable by death.

For example, it is known that the Chinese emperors were very fond of their pets. This is not surprising, because these little dogs was considered divine breed dogs - Friends of the Buddha himself. Therefore, they appointed a special minister of supervision. And some dogs decree of Emperor even received high rank and had his own servants.

The only survivors

Life in the palaces Pekingese ended in 1860. The uprising, which rose against their rulers Chinese peasants, weakened the military power of the country. Then the British and the French were introduced to China army, after which they besieged the emperor's summer palace - the Forbidden City and took it by storm.

The aristocrats, who were taken by surprise, were forced to flee. They did not want to leave the sacred animal invaders and so before leaving China issued a decree on the destruction of all the Pekingese. Fortunately, panicked servants until the end of the case did not have time to bring.

The dog instead of a diamond

Pekinsy received as trophies, were taken to England and were presented to Queen Victoria. Gone decades - and adorable Pekingese without bayonets and gunpowder invaded many European countries. Keep small Pekingese, have a proud character, it was considered good form. First Pekingese cost fabulous money and often were given the noble ladies, like a jewel. Touched ladies would not want to part with their charming pets.

Historians breed mentioned an interesting fact. Well-known industrialist from America George. Morgan in 1907 wanted to buy from Clarissa's Cross of England Pekingese named Čerchov. He suggested Englishwoman fabulous sum of $ 32 thousand. Pounds. However, the great lady refused the offer. Then American gave her the opportunity to appoint the most price for Pekinese ... and was refused again!

Wonderful metamorphoses

Once in China, there was a military coup in the country lost its status as a center for the breeding of Pekingese. In addition, the breed, the former once sacred in China, there is no longer cultivated. Beijing dog, which can now be found there, brought exclusively from Europe. And they are very different from the imperial predecessors. Modern English Pekingese has a long coat and a rich undercoat. Moreover it is larger hand of Chinese dogs. It is dense and well-balanced dog that has a luxurious head of hair. And we should not be deceived by its decorative effect. These burly have an average weight of five kilograms, which is not such a small for a baby.

Breed standard

Стандарт породы: 

Standard Pekingese, based on the old standard, the British Kennel Club. The appearance of the Pekingese has changed somewhat: the dog became more decorative, face a "snub-nosed" stop very pronounced.
General form. A small, compact dog, keeps with extraordinary dignity. Rich wool, luxurious mane and large, expressive eyes, combined with the stately and proud head carriage gives it a truly royal look.

Type the constitution. Strong type constitution. The core of a massive, durable, but is proportional to the size of the dog. Muscles are well developed, not soggy and not flabby, with no signs of malnutrition or obesity. Skin elasticity, tightly fitting, without folds.
Disadvantages. Light bone, adding rude, poorly developed muscles, small deviations from the show condition.
Vices. Significant deviations from the prescribed standard type of constitution; overweight; excessive thinness; ease of rudeness expressed or addition.

Sexual type. Well defined. Males much heavier and larger females are more sturdily built, wool richer pronounced "mane". Bitches somewhat lighter, smaller, less dense hair.
Disadvantages. Minor deviations from the sexual type.
Vices. Males in the female type; bitch doggy style.
Resolution. Weight: males - 3, 2-5, 5 kg; bitches - 3, 6-5, 4 kg. (Growth is not specified in the standard, it should be proportional to the weight of the dog and folded, but usually at the withers Pekingeses reach 15 to 25 cm).

Format. Pretty stretched. Index from 145 to 155. Females are stretched more than the males. Vices. Square format; format with an index of more than 160.
Head. Massive proportional with respect to the housing. The skull is wide, flat, or in any way round and not apple. The width of the skull is greater than its depth of 1/5. Forehead and cheekbones are flat, the transition from forehead to muzzle expressed very sharp, with a strong stop and recessed nasal bridge. If the level of the top of the nose mentally draw a horizontal line, then it must divide the head into two equal parts. The muzzle is massive, short, wide, "snub-nosed" resembles a monkey face. From the nose to the sides depart well-defined transverse folds. Nose always black, large compared with the size of the muzzle, slightly flattened, ideally located at eye level. The nostrils are large enough, open and elevated. The front part of the skull with well-developed muscles, filled under the eyes.
Paw lips fleshy, plump, tight, not raw and not pendulous, black. The line connecting profile in the forehead, nose and jaw lobe, should be straight and at an angle of 30 ° to a line perpendicular to the surface.

Disadvantages. Lightweight head, a small bulge of the forehead, a little narrow face, flat face turned up enough, no breaks creases between the brows, nose, located at the level of the lower eyelid, a small nose.
Vices. Light head, bulging skull, a long snout, very narrow snout depressed as a broken nose, moist lips forming flews, the deformation of the skull bones and jaw when the mouth is closed - protruding tongue.

Ears. The heart-shaped or poplar leaf, small in size. Stretching the tip of the ear reaches the angle of the mandible. In repose the ears hang down the sides of the head, well adhering to the front edge of the cheekbones. They are placed high enough in line with the upper edge of the skull forward deployed. The hair on the ears is long, which creates the impression of long hanging ears and tassels.
Disadvantages. Gapping ears to the head; poor decorating hair; ears, set slightly below the top of the skull.
Vices. The ears are set well below the top of the skull; raised on the cartilage; ears at rest facing backward.

Eyes. Very large, round, prominent, dark brown in color, with a healthy shine. Delivered directly and extensively. Iris is very large, so that when viewed from the front whites of her eyes visible. The eyelids lean, tight, with dark trim.
Disadvantages. Not enough dark eyes.
Vices. Light-brown, yellow-brown or yellow eyes; small eyes; deep-set eyes; with traces of eye injuries.

Teeth. Small size, smooth, white, shiny. Bite - hearty snack with a full closing of the lips. Chess incisors are not married.
Disadvantages. Direct klescheobraeny bite; undershot up to 2 mm; yellowish coating.
Vices. Dark brown patina; caries; broken incisors; undershot more than 2mm; outdoor snack; scissor bite.

Neck. Short, high yield, dry, with a strongly developed musculature. The skin on the neck fits tightly without forming folds or dewlap.
Disadvantages. The neck is slightly longer than the norm; several loaded; heavy.
Vices. Disproportionately long; too heavy neck.

Withers. Well defined, muscular and smoothly into the straight topline. Blades placed obliquely held tightly, do not stick out and do not depart from the back.
Vices. Weak or too heavy withers; narrow withers; expressed pereslezhina; free, steep, sharp blade.

Spina. Smooth, long, strong, well muscled.
Disadvantages. Weak convexity of the back; a little soft or insufficiently strong back.
Vices. Short spin; domed or saddle back; narrow, weak back.

Loins. Few have back, short, strong, well muscled, slightly arched.
Vices. Too long, too arched loin; narrow waist; loin, the width of which is equal to the width of the back.

Croup. Slightly sloping, with highly developed muscles, rounded, not too wide (no wider than the waist).
Vices. Croup with poorly developed muscles; too light or downloaded cereals; wide rump; strongly sloping or flat croup.

Tail. Set on high, hanging abandoned in the back. The hair on the tail is long, straight, very fluffy on the back should decay into a chrysanthemum flower.
Disadvantages. Tail with enough rich feathering; pressed against the thigh; delivered is lower than required by the standard.
Vices. The tail ring; short tail; tail, carried by a sickle or raised too high over the back; tail dipped in a calm state.

Chest. Volume, broad, deep, long enough. The ribs protruding, rounded, but not bochkovatye. In the longitudinal section of the breast should look like an egg, the sharp end facing back.
Disadvantages. Small deviations from the standard.
Vices. Barrel chest; flat edges; narrow chest, short chest.

Stomach. Elastic, slightly tucked up.
Disadvantages. Direct or too tight stomach.
Vices. Or dropped sharply in the groin tightened stomach.

The forelegs. With a good strong bone, fairly short, massive. Shoulder oblique, strong, durable. Elbows close to the body. Seen from the front forearm forms a Latin letter S. Wrist bit close together and slightly outward.
Vices. Straight forearm, thin limbs, lightweight backbone; straight shoulder; loose or twisted elbows; soft pastern; hocks and pasterns wrists tilted forward; high on.

The hind limbs. Slightly lighter and longer than the front, but strong enough, the corners well defined. When viewed from the rear hocks should be perfectly parallel; hindquarters set slightly narrower front.
Vices. Deviations from the parallel hocked; highly-backawn; weak, soft metatarsal.

Paws. Sufficiently large, oval, close-knit toes. The pads are strong and flat. Between fingers grow long hair. Front feet slightly larger rear, when viewed from the front directed slightly outward. Hind feet point straight ahead.
Disadvantages. Weak legs; tightly clenched fingers.
Vices. Splayed legs; clubfoot; round paws; hind legs, turned outwards.

Wool. The undercoat is short, very thick, soft, straight. The top coat is long, straight, rather hard. The hair on the head is not very long at the withers and neck forming a lush collar in females and males - a mane like a lion's. On the sacrum, hips, tail and ears fur is very long and lush, so these parts of the body seem to be located above the head. The top coat forms a full skirt, dragging on the ground. On the rear surface of the front paws wool forms a thick, long feathering; on the rear surface of the hind limbs and hips - rich pants. Between fingers and legs growing long hair, forming a so-called slippers. For the ears and the tail also has a very long feathering, which breaks on the tail fan. Coat Pekingese when viewed from the side is to create contours laying eggs, blunt end facing back, and when viewed from the front - the horizontal contours of the oval.
Disadvantages. Poor undercoat; insufficiently thick coat; shortish decorating hair; Wool tough enough; slightly wavy coat.
Vices. Wavy hair; curly hair or curl; soft wool; lack of undercoat; Short outer coat.

Color. It allowed any color of various shades, except liver. In white Pekingese should be black nose, edging eyelids, lips and nails. Dogs of all colors except white, black and black and tan, black desirable ends of the ears, glasses and black lines running from the outer corner of the eye to the ear, and a black mask. Particularly valued the dog with a white spot on the forehead ("a finger of the Buddha").
Disadvantages. The lack of masks and glasses.

Movement. Free, with good drive, not constrained by the elbows, slightly waddling gait.
Disadvantages. Non-parallel movement of limbs; the absence of a characteristic gait; wagging croup.
Vices. Uncoordinated movements of the limbs; rocking cereal vertically.
Vices, putting the dog out of the breed. Cryptorchidism; albinism; liver color; lack of pigmentation on eyelids, lips and nose; weight greater than 5, 5 kg.

Character

Характер: 

Character Pekingese to match its majestic sight. If you are not willing to keep at home imperial dog and messenger of the gods, it is better to abandon the purchase of Beijing dog. After all, he is full of pride, arrogant mind, loves to swim in the affection and attention.

But if you have a Pekingese appeared, ready to cherish the brave son of the Celestial Empire, and put up with some of its shortcomings.

This true aristocrat picky about food and prefers only natural meat food. He may not even ponravitsya bowl with refreshments.

It is quite noisy snoring in his sleep. And he has his own perspective on things, and he chooses the time to frolic and play, and when to rest in the royal position in the easy chair. And, of course, like any sovereign, it is easily offended when his distracted during breakfast or relaxing. That dog will not tolerate familiarity and relationships begin to misbehave in response, setting the house own orders. That is why Beijing dogs often do not get along with the children, that and strive to cuddle Fuzzies.

Restless traveler

The famous British actress Beatrice Campbell liked to tell a curious story about his Pekingese. She adored pet, I do not leave him for a minute. Once, during a trip she tried to smuggle it through customs by hiding under the cloak in his arms. Test passed without incident, but then her outerwear suddenly barked loudly ...

When the emperor satisfied

However, to establish friendly relations with the royals is easier than it might seem at first glance. Treat Pekingese with reverence - and proud baby repay love, fun games and incredible affection. Moreover, its content does not seem tedious.

Pekingese loves to run and frolic in nature. But for a long time to walk it is not necessary, because of the fast dogonyalok he gets tired. Suffice it to two half-hour walks a day. You can even teach your baby to the cat's tray. Then you do not have to go out in bad weather and worry for pet, lingering at work.

At home Pekingese very chistoploten and accurate. He will not chew on furniture, wire, barking for no reason, will not be imposed on owners and detract from the really important things. This nesuetlivy breed is perfect for keeping in small apartments.

Poetry, and more!

The first author to describe an unusual breed became the ruler of the Chinese Tsu-chi. This is a quote from her poems, which she described as a dog looks like a true king, "Let it be refined in their tastes, to know it as the imperial dog! Let it therefore retains its sense of chosenness and dignity ... "

Care and maintenance

The only thing you have to master - it's a long coat pet. When molting begins, all sofas and cushions covered with a dense layer of dog hair. However, it is easy to assemble with a damp sponge. Luxury wool Pekingese require careful maintenance. We'll have to comb your dog at least four times a week. But frequent water treatments are contraindicated to him, because the water from the tap breaks the chemical balance of the skin.

Perfect coat - hard, do not stray into mats, easy to comb. To clean it suitable special dry shampoos and talc. And to maintain the kind of spectacular exhibition of the Beijing dog used special cosmetics. But before applying it is necessary to consult with your veterinarian.

Cocky badass

With the same anxious attention as home for the Pekingese have to look outside. Like all small dogs, Beijing dog is extremely self-confident. He is not able to estimate the size of humans and animals, so if it is something not like mischief can easily, with the fervent barking to go on the attack, even a bull.

The warlike character of the Chinese imperial dog got stronger when she came to the UK. There Pekingese par with formidable shepherds tending sheep, and even hunted chamois.
People around the world are still shocking story of San dog Em Sen. This brave man came on board the infamous "Titanic", together with its owner, Henry Harper. When the ship started to go down, intelligent pet owner found and safely evacuated to the boat №3.

Small defender

The incredible thing happened with Larisa Suetenko Muscovite. To her apartment burglars stole, opening the door to pick. When threatened with a pistol, they demanded the woman family savings, from the next room jumped Glasha - Young fluffy Pekinese dog. She clung to the leg of one of the villains strong grip. At that moment he heard voices on the stairs, and was taken aback by bandits rushed to the exit. Valiant Pekingese had to heal a dislocated foot and a double rib fracture. But the police and the hostess is still enthusiastic about the great feat little daredevil.

Physician and mascot

About brave, mysterious Pekes still tell amazing stories and legends. It is believed that Beijing dog protects the native home of evil spirits. In addition, it is called a therapeutic dog and often give birth in nursing homes to brighten the lives of older people. To think that just a few decades perfect Pekingese secretly fostered in the imperial chambers China, won thanks to the British love of the world. Shelters at you a little lion-foreigner who has lost his homeland - and he will be a real emperor of your heart.

Training and education

Дрессировка и воспитание: 

Training Pekingese - not for the faint of heart. The breed is a very hard-nosed and capricious, so you need to be persistent when developing teams, and spend a little more time for training. Like many breeds Pekingese breed does not make sense to drive around the general rate. Teach your dog the most necessary commands, such as "me", "next", "fu", "place", "sit", "lie", "give" - ​​they need to know all bred dogs, as these commands are used very and very often. Having fulfill your orders with a single command, you can be sure of what will be in control of your pet.

Entrust Training and education of parents can Pekingese child from 8-10 years. But be prepared, if need be, to come to the aid of a daze and suggest a way out of the arisen situation and find a solution to the problem of dog behavior. And in general, to wean from the floor to pick up the Pekingese different stuff, take food from the hands of strangers, bite the hands master, gnaw things, jump feet and correct any other problem behavior is not difficult. To make it easier to control your dog, you need to watch out for a sufficient amount of physical activity when roaming, as well as to establish the rules of behavior in the family. About them, see "raising a puppy."

Want to know more about the breed? Must see video below about Pekingese, where for a few minutes in detail, colorful talk about this fabulous creation.

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