Shar-Pei

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SharPei
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Information and History

Общие данные и История породы: 

Small in size Sharpei really are incredibly brave and noble pets. They have developed great quality and watch, though seemingly not say these dogs are very strong and hardy. They will protect the family in which they live, no matter what.

But, of course, superb quality watchdog - is not the only thing that distinguishes Sharpei among other species and makes them extremely popular. One of the main advantages of the breed is an unusual type of e. The folds of the skin have become a hallmark of Shar-Pei. Undoubtedly, such folds gives a special originality exterior dogs. But, at the same time, few people know what the unusual structure of the skin is not only an ornament, but also protects the dog. And although today this protection is rather just an accessory, in the old days it was a vital defense mechanism. By nature, Shar-Pei dog Conquest. They can often be seen on fighting arenas of China, fighting with other breeds. It is for fighting and cultivated a tough skin with short fur and pleats.

Speaking about the history of the breed, it is worth noting that the Shar-Pei - one of the oldest dogs, came to us from China. Even in the homeland of their revered. From written sources of antiquity can be seen that the Shar-Pei has a place and was popular during the reign of the imperial Qin Dynasty.

When you create a breed, breeders of ancient China made every effort to create a unique fighter, who also would differ versatility. For this Sharpei cultivated aggression, strength, perseverance. And to complement the created image of them, the Chinese breeders equipped with a new breed of strong leather armor that can withstand heavy damage in combat. Thus, we managed to get fearless dogs that are perfectly proved himself not only as great fighters, conquering the arena, but also as reliable guards.

Of course, today the requirements Sharpei much lower. Dogfights long been prohibited, and guard dogs have nothing. This led to the fact that in modern nurseries emphasis in education is no longer on the aggressiveness and power of rock, and on a calm, docile nature, which would make of the Shar-Pei a good and reliable friend.

Everything else, Sharpei obladaeyut incredibly acute hearing and sense of smell. They feel the approach of strangers, long before they appear in the sight of the dog. A watch developed the ability to lead to the fact that new people Shar-Pei is quite incredulous. So that you should not be surprised if the dog will behave in the presence of intense strangers.

The origin of the Shar-Pei

Like many ancient breeds, the origins pei covered with dense fog. There are many theories and assumptions in this respect. According to some, certain records of breeding Shar-Pei still were. But for reasons unknown to us, they destroyed the Chinese emperor Shih Huang Ti, who reigned during the reign of the Qing Dynasty.

Over the Shar-Pei has long held various research and comparison, the purpose of which was to determine who all the same is the ancestor of the breed and how long ago it was formed. We analyzed the DNA pei. The results indicate that the Shar-Pei is one of the oldest breeds of dogs. Her age has more than three thousand years. As Pei ancestors, then you can only talk about assumptions. Most researchers canine declare that Sharpei had been obtained by crossing the ancient mastiff dogs breed chow-chow.

Yet some sources of information about the breed before us still survived. The earliest of these date back to the 5th century BC. If we believe these sources, it began its spread Shar-Pei with the South China Sea. It is here that lived the rock before. By the 3rd century BC The area of ​​residence Sharpei increased significantly, reflecting a huge growth in popularity of the breed. There are reasons to believe that Sharpei at the time were the most popular breed of dog in China. Their images and statues were an integral part of the set decoration excavated tombs and ruins. Also, this theory is confirmed by the written sources, have come down to us.

Such popularity of the breed was kept as much as two millennia. Shar-Pei can be found in almost every household. And they were known only to the elite of society. The dog could easily buy even a farmer. But all the same story Sharpei was not cloudless. In the mid-twentieth century, the breed almost wiped out. The reason for this was, reigned in China, the communist regime. The new ideology is stated that the equality of all people requires equal conditions of life, and pets - is a luxury, exalts himself over others. In this regard, a wave of mass destruction, cats, dogs and other pets.

But this was a difficult time for Sharpei has not ended. The Second World War greatly aggravated the situation. The already meager number of dogs fell because of hunger and cold winters. The remaining dogs were only a few dozen. One of them later managed to get out of China in 1971. Extraordinary appearance and nature of the Shar-Pei immediately appreciated by local breeders. They simply could not afford the rock disappear from the face of the earth. To begin serious work on restoration of the breed.

But a very small herd of purebred representatives in China greatly complicates the work of breeders. They scrutinized the most remote rural hinterland to find at least a few puppies Shar-Pei. As a result, it was found 8 fabulous representatives. They then became the ancestors of all modern breeds.

In 1976 came the first standard, which is focused on breeders. Since then, the number and popularity of the breed began to grow again.

Breed standard

Стандарт породы: 

Origin: China
CLASSIFICATION FCI:
Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer Molossoid and Swiss Cattle Dogs
Section 2.1: Molosser mastifoobrazny
Without working trial.

General form
Active, compact, tightly built dog, square format, of medium height. The folds on the head and withers, small ears and "hippopotamus" muzzle impart Shar peyu unique appearance. Males are larger and heavier than females.

Important proportions
The height of the Shar Pei from withers to ground is approximately equal to the length of the body from the shoulder blade and upper arm to point of buttock, especially in males. The length from the tip of the nose to the transition from forehead to muzzle roughly corresponds to the length of the transition from the forehead to the muzzle to the occipital bone.

Behavior and Temperament
Calm, independent, loyal, devoted to his family.

Head: In relation to the body several krupnovat. Wrinkles on the forehead and cheeks, running into a suspension (dewlap).

Skull: The skull is flat, broad; transition from forehead to muzzle: moderate.

Nose: Large and wide, preferably black, but is permitted and any other colors to match with the coat color. Wide-open nostrils;

Muzzle: The hallmark of the breed, broad from the base to the tip of the nose and without any hint of sharpness. Tip of the nose and lips are swelling. Acceptable small rise in the nose (cushion);

Mouth: tongue, palate, gums and mouth - preferably blue-black. Pink spotted tongue permissible. Pink plain language is not permitted. Dogs colors dilyutovyh language has a solid lavender;

Jaws and teeth: Jaws strong with a perfect scissor bite, ie upper teeth closely overlapping lower and stand straight (perpendicular to the jaw). Fleshy lower lip should not be clearly expressed as it violates the end of the jaw;

Eyes: dark, almond-shaped with a scowling expression. Allowed a lighter eye color in dogs dilyutovoy color. Function of eyeball or the century should not in any way violated the nearby skin, folds or hair. Any irritation of eyeball, cornea or eyelid is inadmissible. Free of entropy;

Ears: Very small, rather thick, in the shape of an equilateral triangle, rounded at the ends, set high on the skull, and the tips of the ears are directed to the eyes, rather high set over eyes, wide apart and snug against your skull. Pricked ears are not allowed.

Neck: Medium length, strong, well-planted on his shoulders. The loose skin under the neck should not be excessive.

Housing: Skin folds on the body of adult dogs are undesirable, except withers and base of tail, which show moderate folding.

Topline: slightly falls behind the withers, then rises slightly towards the back.

Underline: rises under the loin.

Back: Short, strong.

Rump: straight, put a very high tail fully open anus.

Tail: Thick and round at the base, tapering to an end. The tail is highly raised - it is characteristic of the breed. Can be placed high and: bent or twisted tightly, or curled over the back or on one side. Absence of tail fully or partially invalid.

Forequarters: Seen from the front, straight, moderately apart, elbows held tightly to his chest. When viewed from the side of the front limbs straight, medium length, with good bone. On forepaws no skin folds;

Shoulders: muscular, well planted, sloping;

Pasterns slightly sloping, strong and flexible;

Hindquarters: Muscular, strong, with moderate angulation, seen from behind perpendicular to the ground and parallel to each other. Folds on the thigh and lower leg, ankle, as well as thickening of the skin on the ankle joint are unacceptable. The hindquarters are of moderate size, compact, not widely separated. Toes arched. Profit (fifth) fingers should be removed; ankle joint (hock): well let down.

Movement: The preferred gait is trot. Movement of the free, harmonious, balanced, with good reach and strong drive from the hindquarters. Feet tend to converge towards the center line speed increases. Solid walking undesirable.

COAT

Pile: a special feature of the breed - short, stiff, bristly hair. Direct and raised above the body, but certainly more fitting. The undercoat is missing. Pile length varies from 1 cm to 2.5 cm. Not trimmed;

Colour: All solid colors are allowed, except for white. The tail and rear thighs often have a lighter shade. Muzzle could be a dark "mask". Admitted darker shades along the back and on the ears.

Height: Males and females: 44-51 cm.

Disadvantages
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault or defect depending on the severity.

Serious flaws

  • Deviation from a scissor bite (approximate starting point: it is allowed a very small snack).
  • Pointed muzzle.
  • Spotted tongue (except pink pigmented spots on the tongue).
  • Big ears.
  • Low lowered tail.
  • The coat is longer than 2.5 cm.

Disqualifications

  • The flat front of the muzzle with a strong overshot; snack.
  • Solid pink tongue.
  • Wrapped lower lip, breaking bite.
  • Round, bulging eye. Entropy. Ectropion.
  • The folds of the skin or the nap that interfere with the normal function of the eye.
  • Pricked ears.
  • Absence of tail. Bobtail.
  • Deep folds of skin on body (except withers and base of tail) and limbs.
  • Not a solid color (albinism, variegated spotted, speckled, black and tan or a saddle cloth).

Note
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Character

Характер: 

In general, shar-pei dog is very good-natured and calm. She never showed any aggression among the familiar people and listens to his master. But it is worth remembering that the nature of the shar-pei very willful and independent. Therefore, since the first days of a puppy in the house need to clearly define the scope of what is permitted to him and show who the family head. Otherwise, it will make the dog himself.

Sharpei dog breed get along great with children. This dog is very carefully and gently play with the baby, never hurt him. Likewise it behaves with all family members and even pets. Fat physique and respectable size pei can create the mistaken impression that the dog is dangerous and poses a threat. But in fact, quite the opposite. These dogs are incredibly friendly, smart and vulnerable. They lend themselves to good training, but the team owner is not always performed. It is not the result of obstinacy or harm. All because of the independence of the dog. It aims to make their decisions and if they do not agree with the host teams, Sharpei simply ignores them.

Rather wary shar-pei are new people in his entourage. They are eyeing for a long time and get used to strangers. Normal passerby might not expect to pat the dog when we first met. Without proper exercise extra caution for the dog becomes a nuisance. So pei puppy often need to display in the people to gradually adapt to the crowded spaces of the city. In the future, such a skill would be very beneficial for the dog and its owner.

In our region Sharpei was introduced from China and Tibet. A characteristic feature of the SharPei, like most other breeds, imported from the East, is the high level of intuitive flair. The dog at first sight catches the mood of a human or other animal, and reacts accordingly. Especially good dog reacts to the threat.

Sharpei may become an indispensable companion for the family, friend and pet. But it is worth remembering that the desire to command and to command the dog's other family members will not disappear even if the dog has already shown where its place. So if you decide to have this breed, be prepared to frequent confrontations with the pet for power in the family. These dogs are subject only to the strong-willed person. And even in this case, are constantly looking for a gap in the enemy's defenses.

Care and maintenance

In principle, the Shar-Pei is quite possible to keep a normal city apartment. These dogs have a pretty level-headed, calm character and small size. But, of course, no physical exertion is necessary. For borrowing physical fitness and health need to walk their pet twice daily. Minimum time walks - one hour. But this does not mean that it will be enough to walk the dog around the house and back. Sharpei loves active walking with jogging and games. Vygulivaya dog should not be limited to specific parks. Dogs of this breed is very useful to run and hard surfaces. This allows you to align your posture and keep your dog in muscle tone.

The perfect solution would be to take the dog breed Shar-Pei with a run. The long run is natural and is very useful for dog's body fat. If you wish, you can treat your pet play with a ball.

Sharpei is very friendly to the other members of their species. If you are in the park saw another dog of the same facial features, you can safely go to meets. No excesses is not exactly foresee.

In terms of care shar pei quite finicky. This is especially true bathing. To drive a dog of this breed in the water is sometimes very hard. From the nature of the Shar-Pei does not like water. However, it is necessary to bathe them. The best one will be swimming in the month. Bathing a dog, you need to carefully ensure that no water was poured into the ears of the animal. It would seem that such a pinprick, then, can develop into severe inflammation. The skin is particularly Pei structure. The lack of a hard undercoat and secretions make the skin a little dryish. If further use when bathing or shampoo and soap on the skin can be painful stimuli. After bathing the dog should be thoroughly dry. Even the slightest traces of water in the skin folds of the Shar-Pei tend to quickly become a breeding ground for bacteria, and they in turn can cause serious illness.

At least twice a week, the dog should be a good comb. Due to the short coat shar pei, make it simple.

To the dog was healthy, you need at least a couple times a week to clean the eyes and ears of the dog. If necessary, trim the nails. This process can be replaced by jogging on a paved area. They allow you to grind your own claws.

Feeding Shar-Pei

In terms of nutrition, Sharpei pretty completely at random. Loss of appetite for them a thing quite common. Partially correct this problem can be giving your pet enough exercise. But in this case it is possible that will not have to trial and error to pick up your pet individual catering.

When the composition of the diet of the dog, remember that the Shar-Pei can be traced to the high propensity to allergies. That is why experts advise not to change rapidly and often menus pet. It is also important to follow and for the portions of food. It is necessary to clearly define the norm for the dog and follow it strictly on the basis of pre-planned diet. Exceeding standards will lead to a rapid dog obesity, which reduces the activity of the animal and increases the risk of many diseases.

Ration pei puppy and an adult dog is completely different. Puppy desirable to feed special food that contains all the necessary minerals and vitamins. In the year and a half in the diet can be gradually include natural products. It is important to completely eliminate liquid pet dishes from the menu. Stomach Shar-Pei with this meal can not cope. You can feed the dog meat, vegetables and some grains one. Moreover, the composition of the menu is determined in advance and for a long period. From time to time you can feed pei fish and dairy products. So the dog will receive the necessary for the growth of protein and calcium.

Many owners Sharpei note that special balanced diet is much better suited for feeding than natural food. But, as this dog is very pereborchivy in terms of food, this diet is not for everyone representatives of the breed.

Pet health and health care

Any special predisposition to common disease in Shar-Pei no. But the flow of the disease, in the event of a fairly hard. That is why better to prevent disease than to treat it later. To do this, you need to constantly keep track of your pet. The important point is regular cleaning of the ears, nose, and skin folds of the dog. When bathing your ears definitely closed. Determine the status of the pet can be for a number of external signs. If a dog has a wet nose, playful state and shining eyes, then everything is fine.

Quite a serious problem Sharpei are bacteria that are going into the folds of the skin and cause various diseases of the skin. This can be avoided if you regularly bathe the pet at least once a month. After bathing, it is important to wipe dry the skin folds.

Another problem faced by many representatives of the breed, is too long folds over the eyes. They prevent the dog normally seen rubbing of the eye and lead to pain. Today, this problem is easily solved with the help of lung surgery.

And do not forget that the breed is characterized by a unique disease that was named "Shar-Pei Fever." This phenomenon is accompanied by intense shaking in the body of the body, fever, swelling of the individual body parts of the dog. In case of these symptoms, you need to inject a mixture of dog noshpy, diphenhydramine and dipyrone. Usually after that the disease recedes.

Training and education

Дрессировка и воспитание: 

Shar-Pei is one of those dog breeds that can be taught at any time in their lives. No matter you brought home a puppy or an adult. At any age, this dog can learn patterns of behavior necessary and useful qualities. The most important thing - is to begin training from the first day of finding a dog in the family. This does not necessarily seek the help of professional trainers who will teach the dog in record time to pass the obstacle or perform spectacular stunts. Much more important to educate yourself a dog, giving it as much attention and time. It is also worth remembering that training a puppy does not end in adulthood. Educate the dog should be in her life. Once purchased the dog skills can easily be lost if the correct pattern of behavior is not reinforced. If the dog is perfectly reveals himself today, not the fact that tomorrow is her behavior is the same ideal. Dog is by nature an animal without proper supervision and training will subconsciously eager to return to the natural forms of behavior. For a dog it is only natural to chew furniture or labeled apartment walls, scrape claws floor in one corner of the house, fighting with other pets, chasing cats and barking loudly. This is the nature of your dog. This is quite natural and common desires of the dog. And their limit can lead to serious problems in the dog. So what do you do with these impulses? Here also need education. It helps to direct the activity of the dog in the right direction, without limiting it. Instead of looking like a dog chewing on the leg of a chair, buy her a toy designed for that; motivate the dog to go to the toilet is not in a corner apartment, and when you pull it out for a walk; instead of yelling at the dog for barking, and that hurts pets, and teach it to vent their instincts elsewhere.

Raising a puppy in the early days

The first few days are the most important in the upbringing of a puppy of any age. Right now the dog is susceptible to establish forms of behavior. Be clear about what the dog is allowed and what is not, and never violate the established framework. If you want the first day to teach your puppy to the fact that sleeping on the bed - it is bad, it is not necessary to drag him back constantly and iron. So you do reinforces this pattern of behavior of the animal pleasant sensations. And then do not be surprised that no abuse and punishment do not apply. Of course, the puppy should be encouraged and iron. But if you want to do is sit on the floor to the puppy, but do not take him in my arms. So the dog will form a clear understanding of its place in the future to avoid many conflicts and problems. If you want to save some of the apartments from the dog's attention, do not let go a puppy from the very first day of visiting the apartment. Just be aware that the idea that "it is a small, albeit, but when he grows up I will not allow," is fundamentally not true. The dog is accustomed to a certain behavior just at a small age. After, to retrain adult dog is already very, very difficult. From the first day you have to set the rules of the apartment, not your pet. If early in the morning you will have a dog, who decided that he needed to walk or eat, then the rules of the house clearly dictate you. In this case, no need to beat anxiety. Simply rethink behavior (such as his own, and four-legged pet), and then continue to raise, only this time paying attention to certain points.

Education of adult dogs in the early days

Parenting an adult dog is greatly complicated by the fact that the dog has formed the basic patterns of behavior. Therefore it is necessary not to teach and retrain a dog that will require much more time and effort. To do this, first of all, you need to immediately establish a set of clear rules for what can and can not do. Dog, hitting a new home, usually behaves quite carefully eyeing and to changing conditions. She tries to understand the hierarchy of the house; where you can go and where not; where to eat and what is not; when you can show your own will, and when listening to the owner. Typically, such a state at the newcomer dog lasts a couple of weeks. During this time, she somehow adjusts its behavior under ambient conditions. It was during this period should be actively enforce dog rules and show who's boss. If the time is missed, it has to adapt to wean your dog from unwanted behaviors will be much more difficult.

The impression of living in a new territory and its people a dog makes it almost from the first minute of your stay in the apartment. At that time, many owners, showing compassion, allowed the dog too much: to go through all the rooms, to sleep, where she likes to stick to all family members. This attitude creates a dog's sense of permissiveness. And if before you get a dog, and so had enough "bad" habits, they will also appear in your apartment. Put a time limit for the dog. For example, from the arrival of a dog into the house, let her move freely in one room and a hallway. The rest of the rooms it is taboo. Immediately stop attempts to jump on the hand or on the bed. So the dog will feel from the first day set the scope of their behavior and painlessly learn. It should also be immediately isolated (at least temporarily), all those things which can hurt the dog. The dog should be taught to behave patiently and quietly, without disturbing the rest of the family. Let accustomed to the fact that the activity should occur on the street. If you have a private home or cottage, it is best to start the walk the dog there. And here too it is better to start with certain restrictions that will teach your dog to behave kept. After the result has been achieved and the dog walks calmly beside you, you can increase the amount of walking and gradually move to exercise walks without a leash. The gradual increase in the degree of freedom of a pet makes more gently adjust the model's behavior and prevent each individual the manifestation of the unwanted dog behavior.

The most important thing - it's an experience

The most important axiom in the training and education of the dog is the following: a dog takes over any model of conduct only after the miss is, through their own experience. Feeling that lived experience is pleasant, the dog will be anxious to repeat the behavior that brought this experience. If the experience was unpleasant for the dog, it will be avoided such action. This is the scheme used by all professional trainers. It is called a system of rewards and punishments. If the dog performs actions that you consider desirable, reward it. As a reward, it will be effective for a treat or a weasel by the host. If the dog does something that you do not like it - punish. But, of course, we are not talking about physical punishment. To beat the dog in any case impossible. According to this scheme, the dog quickly realizes that she must do, and what is not, and will follow the model of behavior.

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