Siberian Husky

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Information and History

Общие данные и История породы: 

Dogs called Siberian Husky is a breed that is respected by many hunters. And it is not at all accidental, as the origin and history of the breed fully supports its main purpose - to carry help to the person during the hunt.

This dog looks like a wolf, and also similar to him by the behavior and character. This breed of dog is one of those species that are displayed during hard conditions determined by natural selection. The objective of dog handlers who were engaged in this breed is secure instinctive skills dogs to hunt wild animals. The ancestors of this breed were different breeds huskies, which diluted the inhabitants of Siberia and the Urals. In accordance with a continental climate, in a rather harsh taiga just carried out the formation and nature of the breed. In this connection it formed a breed, and thus survived only the strongest individual.

No matter how cruel it may be, but the breeders of dogs in different ways were able to really form a rock, which due to their hunting merits and properties recognized by people all over the world.

The ancestors of the Siberian husky are Zyryanskaya, Mansi and hantiyskie huskies, who bred the people of the north. Since each of these types has its own advantages and characteristics, while further breeding of this breed, it was decided to preserve and mantiyskogo hantiyskogo type. That is why the Siberian Husky dominated Mansiysk and hantiyskaya blood. The first type is a wiry little elongated snout, and the second - a stocky, broad head and short muzzle. This diversity does not cause harm to the species, but rather gives space for breeders to work on improving the gene pool of huskies.

The history of the Siberian husky can be divided into two periods. The first is a centuries-old selection, which was carried out by fishers hardiest dogs with good performance during the hunting of large animals. The second period - is the work of breeders to bring the rock to a certain standard, which began with the 20-ies of the 20th century. Originally the breed was classified by title nationalities divorce huskies. Such ecotypes were at least a dozen, each of which is characterized by its exterior. At the congress of dog handlers, which took place in 1925 for the first time tried to standards huskies: Zyryanskaya, Mansi, Ostyak, Karelian and hantiyskoy. The exhibition of hunting breeds, which took place three years huskies, has been exhibited in large numbers.

New standards of the same species were adopted in 1939 on Dog Training meeting. The popularity of the breed increased, which was due not so with amateur interest in how to value the characteristics of dogs, allowing hunters to extract valuable furs, which was in demand in the world. There was even a club of admirers created huskies, who headed the famous dog handlers. Later, the Soviet Union had created a large number of public nurseries, where breeding dogs hunting breeds and 17 were engaged in cultivation of huskies.

Siberian husky was widely used during the war as cargo carriers and demolitions.

Through active in many professional breeding nurseries in the 70s breed of fully formed and was able to win the respect of the hunters not only in Siberia, but even far beyond its borders.

Laika was formerly called "northern Ostroushko" or just dogs.

Breed standard

Стандарт породы: 

General view and the type of addition: dog of medium or above medium height, good dry or dry type of strong build, somewhat elongated, with pronounced withers. Sexual dimorphism is clearly expressed.
Disadvantages: partial match type, some relief or roughness, a small squat enough pronounced sexual dimorphism.
Vices: type mismatch, rudeness, much squat, males in the female type, bitch doggy trouble.

Type of behavior: a balanced, agile. Dogs vigorous, well-developed orientation reaction, have a pronounced hunting passion and wit. Malice to the man is not typical, but the dog is suspicious of strangers. His characteristic gait at work - extended trot, alternating with gallop. Free movement.
Disadvantages: some hostility towards the stranger, irritability, a coward.
Vices: expressed hostility to a stranger, excessive excitability, cowardice.

Height and size: height at withers males 55-62 cm, females 51-58 cm. Height above the height for males in the sacrum on 1-2 cm. For bitches - equal to or higher than 1 cm. Index prolixity males 103- 107, 104- 108 females.
Disadvantages: the excess of the upper limit of the growth of no more than 2 cm. It is not enough vysokoperedost expressed in males. Minor deviations from the format.
Vices: significant deviations from the standard format, the deviation from the borders of growth of more than 2 cm; vysokoperedosti absence of males, highly-backawn.

Color: white, gray sable, sable, red, gray, red, yellow and all shades of brown, piebald. Nose black, with white and yellow color may be brown nose.
Disadvantages: partial depigmentation of the nose, lips, eyelids; little specks on the head and limbs in tone color.
Vices: depigmentation of the nose, lips, eyelids, significant specks on the head, limbs, specks on the body, black, black with white, white with black color.
Disqualifications: brown and brindle colors, albinism.

Coat: guard hairs harsh and straight. The undercoat is well developed, thick, soft and dense. On the head and ears the hair tight and short. On the neck, the shoulders of a few guard hair lengthened and forms a collar (sleeve) and at the junction with hair growing over the cheekbones, forming tanks. On the withers the hair extended, especially in males. Limbs are covered with short, hard, thick hair, and on the back of the front legs is slightly longer than it is, and on the hind legs form a tow, but without suspension. At the feet of hair between the toes form a "brush". Tail pubescent straight and stiff hair, the hair from the bottom side is slightly longer, but without suspension.
Disadvantages: shorter and adjacent to the neck and shoulder guard hairs, underdeveloped undercoat, brush, clutch, tanks and Gachi (not moult). Slightly elongated hair on the back of the front legs, a small pendant on the hind legs and tail.
Vices: considerably lengthened the hair on the back of the front legs, expressed suspension on the hind legs and tail, wavy hair, curly, soft, elongated with the collapse in the shoulder and back.
Disqualifications: short-haired or long-haired.

The skin, muscles, skeleton: the skin firm, elastic, with very little subcutaneous fat, without wrinkling and pendulous. Muscles are well developed. The backbone of a strong, more massive in males.
Disadvantages: rough, thickened skin, dryablovataya, rather weakly developed musculature, several legkovat or rough skeleton, a few overly developed subcutaneous tissue, gruznovatost.
Vices: coarse, thick, wrinkled or sagging skin, flabby, underdeveloped muscles, light or coarse skeleton, overly developed subcutaneous tissue, significant obesity.

HEAD: Dry, proportional to the total addition of, wedge-shaped when viewed from above. Coming to the elongated shape of an isosceles triangle with a narrow skull, narrower in females than in males. The skull is elongated in length considerably greater than the width, the top is flat or slightly rounded with a pronounced occipital bone and parietal crest. The profile of the skull is almost parallel to the upper line of the muzzle. Transition from forehead to muzzle expressed not sharply, eyebrows are underdeveloped. Cheeks are underdeveloped. Muzzle moderately pointed, with the expansion in the area of ​​the canines, along the length equal to or slightly smaller than the skull. The profile of the muzzle is moderately wedge-shaped, with a slightly beveled edged back of the upper lip. Nose varies in size from fairly large to medium. Lips dry, close fitting, no pendulous flews and.
Disadvantages: depressed groove in the middle of the forehead, bulging, broad forehead; smoothed or excessive transition from forehead to muzzle, small is not parallel to the forehead and the muzzle, high cheekbones pronounced. Several excessive development of the parietal ridge occiput. Gorbonosov.

Ears erect, set on high, mobile, in the form of an elongated triangle with poor earlobe and pubescent inside.
Disadvantages: tilted forward slightly hanging, not only omitted from the inside, put smallish, slow-moving, with a rather weak cartilage deployed in hand.
Vices: sharply tilted forward, hung heavily, glabrous inside, low set, motionless, with weak cartilage, sharply detailed aside, with a round top, overly large, with a prominent lobe.
Disqualifications: Hanging ears, semi-erect, raised on the cartilage at the ends hanging down.

Eyes: medium-sized, oval (preferably almond) obliquely positioned somewhat deeper than in other breeds huskies. Look alive. Eye color Brown temnokary and in any color.
Disadvantages: hazel eyes.
Vices: round or straight cut eyelids, bulging eyes, inadequate fitting lids, yellow eyes.
Disqualifications: white, blue, gray eyes, raznoglazie.

The teeth and bite: teeth white, large, well-developed, strong and tight. Full dentition, bite nozhnetseobrazny.
Disadvantages: lack of two premolars, bite after the age of six years. Too small, edgy teeth. Partial caries.
Defects: lack of 3 premolars, small, sparse teeth. Caries.
Disqualifying faults: overbite, including, direct under the age of six years, over- or undershot, wry mouth, lack four or more premolars, the presence of excess or absence of at least one cutter, the absence of at least one carnivore tooth, molar, or canine.

Neck: muscular, dry, slightly oval in cross-section along the length approximately equal to the length of the head. Hocks neck relative to the horizontal plane of 45-55 degrees.
Disadvantages: too short or longish, somewhat smallish or too high set, with a slight dewlap or dewlap.
Defects: short, too long, low or vertically set, with a pronounced dewlap or dewlap.

Withers: Well developed, rising above the level of the back, especially in males.
Disadvantages: slightly pronounced withers in males.
Faults: Withers insufficiently pronounced in males.

Back: Straight, strong, muscled. Moderately broad.
Faults: sagging, narrow, too wide, humped, iskrevlenie.

Loin: Short, moderately broad, muscular and somewhat arched.
Disadvantages: longish, pryamovataya excessively arched.
Faults: Long, straight, sunken, roach.

Croup: broad, moderately long, slightly sloping.
Disadvantages: narrowish, shortish or longish, horizontal, slightly sloping.
Defects: narrow, short, long, sloping.

Chest: Moderately broad and deep (lowered to the level of the elbows), long, egg-shaped in cross-section.
Disadvantages: too narrow, some wide-open, too small, too deep (a little below the elbow), several bochkovataya.
Defects: narrow, open, shallow, too deep, barrel.

Belly: picked up, the transition from the chest to the abdomen clearly expressed.
Disadvantages: lowered abdomen (pribryushistost), too pronounced transition from the chest to the abdomen (undermining).
Vices: pronounced undermining or pribryushistost.

FOREQUARTERS: Shoulder blades long, sloping. Upper arm long, with a mild tilt. Legs well muscled, lean, seen from the front straight and parallel. The height at the elbow slightly more than half the height at the withers. Olecranon developed and sent straight back parallel to the axis of the body. Pasterns long and slightly sloping.
Disadvantages: pryamovatye shoulders slightly curved arm, a little twisted in or out elbows. Pryamovatye or sloping pasterns. Slightly expressed toes-out or a clubfoot.
Flaws: straight shoulders, forearm curved, substantially inverted outside or inside the elbow. Koziniec, weak pasterns. Significant toes-out or a clubfoot.

HINDQUARTERS: muscular. The angles of all joints are well expressed. When viewed from the rear legs are straight and parallel. Shin moderately long. Hocks set almost vertically. Plumb, dropped from the buttocks, passes through the front side of the shank.
Disadvantages: small pryamozadost soblistost or several convergence or turning in hock (or goat or Korovin hocks).
Vices: pryamozadost, saber, significantly expressed Korovin or goat hocks.

Feet: Oval, arched in the lump, fingers tightly adjacent to each other, with middle fingers slightly longer than the extreme. Profit (fifth) fingers on the rear legs are undesirable, if they are recommended to be removed.
Disadvantages: rather flat feet slightly splayed fingers.
Faults: Flat feet, splayed fingers.

Movement: easy, energetic, extended trot, with a strong drive from the hindquarters.
Disadvantages: heavy, vyalovataya insufficiently extended trot, push rather weak hind limbs, small movements of connectedness.
Vices: heavy, sluggish, short trot, weak push connectivity movements.

Tail: cool curved ring on the back or side, can also be a sickle, but it certainly touches the back. In the expanded state it comes to the hock, or does not reach it at 1-3 cm.
Disadvantages: a few longer or shorter tail, a little distant from the back tail.
Defects: long or short tail, much spaced from the back of the tail.
Disqualifications: a sultan rod saber.

Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. Females are not displayed at exhibitions in estrus, and in close to the estrus period.

Character

Характер: 

The nature of the West Siberian huskies their owners talk with enthusiasm. After listening to these stories, it seems that this breed - a model companion for the man, and if he is also an avid hunter, we get a perfect tandem.

Indeed, these dogs have a balanced psyche, but at the same time energetic and love to frolic. For non-aggressive person, of course, if they are not specifically anger. Very fond of children and do not hurt small pets, make friends with other dogs. This is a surprisingly friendly dog, considering that at the genetic level, it is the closest to their wild ancestors - wolves. Developed sense of the pack, and to his flock - the owner and his family to the West Siberian huskies tied very much.

This dog is so accustomed to human society that is going through difficult enforced solitude and lack of communication. Always ready to play and run, and does so with unfailing enthusiasm. The nature of the West Siberian huskies flexible and livable, but at the same time it is inherent and independence without perseverance and persistently.

She always strives to fulfill whatever it wants from the host, so if he made a mistake by giving her the wrong team in the hunt, but rather it will perform even in spite of his hunting instinct. Therefore, many hunters already know your dog prefer not to overdo it with the teams and give her leeway.

Siberian Husky is hard to scare anything, affects what her ancestors had fearlessly walked with the man to hunt even bears. The dog knows her worth, confident in their abilities, but always ready to recognize the leadership of a man and follow him. It is distinguished by a natural wit and cleverness, and does not cause any difficulties in upbringing.

Best hunter

West Siberian Husky - it universalnayaohotnichya dog. Some believe that it is best suited for hunting big game, others that it is not the price at the production of fur. There are some hunters who go to her waterfowl or upland game. Despite some controversy in the preferences for the types of hunting, all recognized the universality of her hunting qualities are produced, depending on the interests of the owner.

Previously, it was felt that it is suitable only for hunting in harsh northern conditions, but it has proven its efficiency in terms of the Southern climate.

One of the most valuable qualities of the West Siberian huskies - is its endurance. If necessary, they are working without signs of fatigue for a few days in the harsh conditions of the taiga. They have an interesting feature - they are better able to absorb food, which gives them much more power than other dogs, and allows for a long time to dispense with the next batch.

Love for hunting on the water is transferred from the West Siberian huskies inherited.

West Siberian huskies are different from other breeds huskies their endurance and less irritability. They are able to relentlessly pursue the beast stalking him on the trail that he left a few hours ago. It is difficult to find a replacement in other breeds when it comes to searching for many hours, and the pursuit of the beast in difficult conditions. For example, during the autumn hunting when there is no trace, or searching in dense windbreaks along rivers. They always work in silence, but when they find the beast, then notify the owner barking and bark at or even keep an animal in place while it has not podkradёtsya hunter. Accurately determine the inhabited burrows. There are those among the Western Siberian huskies and avid attendant who willingly work in the water, diving ducks.

West Siberian huskies are successfully used for both individual hunting, and in raids on the beast, work well in pairs. In different parts of our country and abroad, these hunters used to hunt a variety of animals. List of possible production West Siberian huskies extensive and interesting: bears, wild boars, moose, marten, ferrets, deer, raccoons, bobcat, grouse. This list could be continued.

Laika Handsome 20-ies. 20th century is constantly involved in the hunt for the bear, the owner of the Urals known laechnik SF Shcherbakov got 78 bears.

Care and maintenance

It is believed that West Siberian huskies are most retained true "wolf" features. This is shown by numerous studies: in particular, in relation to their "wild" brothers Huskies have undergone minimal changes skeleton shape of the head, teeth and almost completely preserved hunting skills. So, owning a husky, you're dealing with a real forest dwellers. But do not be scared: Laika shows aggression only in the - in relation to animal, but to the man she demonstrates astounding affection and love. In addition, the Western Siberian Husky - a great bodyguard and caretaker.

As for the content of the huskies, then it is very important freedom and the ability to constantly move. Therefore, it is "a child of nature" is very uncomfortable feeling in a city apartment. Ideal - contain Husky booth in the open air, and if they keep on a leash, make sure you regularly give her a run at large. Nevertheless, the widespread belief that the northern dogs bad feeling in urban areas or in the heat, is not quite true. That's right, in our view, to consider the breed adapted to the extreme continental climate. Thick and dense undercoat "wolf" type allows Laika easy to carry a wide variety of climatic and weather conditions. Characteristically, these dogs with thick and dense undercoat are also found in tropical regions of Central and Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia) and even near the equator in Africa.

What to feed the West Siberian Husky?

Nutrition plays an important role in the health of husky, its appearance. Ever since the early days is to define a special place for food and teach him a dog. We need to establish a rich diet and monitor the amount of food consumed as animal overfeed harmful. Well suited dry food. Especially it is necessary to adhere to the rules of feeding puppies. Huskies 2-4 months of age should be fed no less than four times a day. At the age of 6-9 months can be fed 3 times over 9 months - 2 times. It is important that used in the diet several times a week was a pure meat.

The diet should include: raw meat; raw fish; bone flour; boiled rice; cottage cheese; crackers.

Significant rules of feeding:

  • Raw meat - every day. The calculation 10-25 g. 1 kg. weight. The meat was added in a ratio of 1/3 fish fish meat 2/3.
  • Boiled rice as a filler. It is possible to add vegetable oil or animal fat. But by rice alone can not feed. You can also add 5-15 grams. crude liver (vitamins A, D and E).
  • Once a week - a fasting day. Feed a small amount of crackers and provide drinking water. It promotes good appetite.
  • Harmful food: the spoiled food, hot food, cold food, cooked bones. Features feeding gap of a bitch: feed the inner high grade cheese, certain types of low-fat meat (chicken breast, turkey breast, fillet of beef and veal), seeds with fat.
  • When the pups will need to increase the ration four times (provided the previous diet was 4 times a day). When the pups will be able to do lap milk from a bowl, the number of meals the mother can be reduced.
  • Feeding puppies is to start with a mixture of food: milk and egg yolk. You can feed raw meat in the form of scraping, boiled vegetables (especially grind). Daily norm products per day: 100 g of dairy products, 150 grams of rice and corn, 300 g of meat and bone meal 20 g, 25 g fat.

Training and education

Дрессировка и воспитание: 

Growing and nurturing young hunting dogs - the most important event when working with rocks to get full moons on the hunt. It's close inextricably linked, but at the same time and different concepts. Cultivation - the creation of the necessary conditions for growth and proper development of the puppy. Education - effects on the nervous system of the puppy to create a certain type of behavior, develop and strengthen the innate instincts (especially hunting) and reflexes. In the process of education inhibited behaviors that are not needed when using dogs.

In all the literature on dog breeding, you can find a section on growing puppy, where it appears, says everything about everything: how to arrange the place for the puppy and how to feed it, and how to walk, and even to raise him from infancy. It should be noted that, perhaps, the most complete instruction in the spirit of the recently published N.V.Mamaevoy ("Fishing and Hunting", N 6, 1995), and applied it to a hunting dog. However, in this article traced bias towards farmed

Ia puppy setter and virtually no mention of the Like and smaller - burrowing. As you know, growing puppy of each breed and especially hunting, has its own peculiarities, and from the first day it is necessary to lay the specific skills needed for further nataski, nagonki or nahazhivaniya.

Of all the dog breeds huskies least spoiled by civilization. The history of the formation of plant breeds huskies still very short. It has about five decades, but strictly speaking, the last three or four. Huskies are closer to nature, to their wild ancestors. In practice, only these dogs are not altered by man looks up to the present time, there are almost intact, their only slightly ennobled. True lovers of huskies trying to preserve their "weird" in the form and nature.

Saving natural qualities makes Laika in reproduction: to do with copulation or at birth human intervention is required. When whelping bitch does everything right, she still strong natural instincts, but still the owner be present, it is desirable. After all, one can not ignore the fact that the current living conditions, even a close to their wild ancestors of dogs like Laika, has changed dramatically. Mostly husky limited movements apartment, aviary, and maybe even a chain. Eating it is often far from optimal, so when whelping any possible anomalies. In most cases, all costs well, but if the owner is present at whelping, the dog feels confident and calm.

Laiki usually not prolific, so the first two or three weeks, and sometimes almost four puppies do not need any care from the owner: All makes them a dog mom. But certainly no later than the 25th day, and maybe two or three days before, it is desirable to begin to feed the puppies. Feed must first milk, which is bred from the dry, but in the proportion of two to three times more than ordinary cow. You can feed the cow or goat's milk, but do semi-liquid semolina porridge and chopped beef meat, beginning with the tea or table spoons - depending on the size of breed puppy.

From that moment, bringing up training: the first feeding the puppies should call up the command "To me!". Thus, this core team absorbed almost husky "mother's milk", and subsequently at the future owners of the puppies will have no problems with the approach to teach them of underground. In the future, the command "To me!" It may be accompanied by a certain whistle. And it is almost the main thing that is needed to hunt, when at any moment can be beckoned to the dog, usually dating back to search far enough. While the puppies are still with my first host, he is always in giving food should only call them command "To me!" This he rendered great service to the future owners of his puppies.

Huskies are very independent and inquisitive. These are the same and their puppies, which in this case is also very adventurous. And if the growing majority of puppies dogs medium and large breeds it is necessary to ensure the safety of all that is on the floor, then the growing puppy huskies should pay attention to the second level of the home, since the three months deft moving puppies huskies jump on a chair, sofa, couch, etc., and above them, and with - on the table. But at the same time, if you want to grow a well-trained dog can not in any way restrict the movement puppy small space. The puppy should move a lot, run, play.

In the two - two and a half months, the puppy must do preventive vaccination against plague, enteritis and hepatitis, and only two weeks later you can go for a walk with him in a rather crowded place. Until that time the puppies must be isolated from contact with other dogs. However, this does not mean that they should not be let out on the street. Puppies should be exposed to sunlight as soon as possible - if possible, even when they are with the mother. And, of course, immediately, as soon as the fall in the hands of its main owner. A puppy should be to walk in the sun on the balcony or taking out into the street on his hands, well - if at its suburban fenced area or leaving him out of the city in the field, meadow, where it can meet other dogs.

Growing period of one month to three - very important in the life of a puppy. At this time, it is rapidly growing and developing, so that it became a full hardy husky, you need a balanced diet that includes milk, raw meat, raw marine fish, greens, vegetables, cereals, mineral fertilizer. At the same time he must move much in the open air even in winter time when driving developing bones, muscles, there is a knack, a certain life skills, attention to the world around them. During this period the puppy is already well suited to a host of underground command "To me!" and to a specific whistle, he should know his nickname, to understand the meaning of commands, "No!" and "Come on!" and know their place. However, to require long-term presence on the site of a three-month huskies is not necessary.

About feeding dogs is written in every instruction in every book about dogs, in many articles. Most of the major provisions of the Feeding true for huskies, but in some publications can be read and all sorts of nonsense. Therefore, without going into details, I dare to offer an opinion on the question of feeding the pups, and adult huskies.

Spitz in general, due to its rational metabolism and natural qualities of food consumed is much less than the other breeds of similar size. For example, an American cocker spaniel dog height at the withers up to 37 cm, eats two to three times more than the larger karelofinskaya Laika. The same is true, for example, about the going rate. Often puppies huskies eat so little that it disturbs their respective owners. Do not worry - let eats as much as he wants, and the rest is removed before the next feeding. But if the puppy a good appetite, then you need to give him a certain rate, and not "fill", so that the puppy is not bloated belly and droops. The body of the puppy should be firm, but not thick, it is best if your pet will hudovat than is fat. The fat little puppy will grow into a dog prone to obesity and fatty dog ​​- a bad hunter and seriously losing at trade shows.

Laika should have everything she gives the host: and specially prepared food and food left over from the table, of course, if it is not old and not too salty. On the hunt husky have to feed in every one, so the dog should be unpretentious in food. She should have thick and thin, and food, adult dog can organize individual and hungry days, and when there is no special food - is limited, and a piece of bread. If necessary, you can give husky everything edible, but regularly feed fat, eggs and sweet it is impossible. Both are harmful to dogs, even more harmful, than for a man. Laika is desirable to accustom eat berries from the bush, then she will get in the taiga vitamins. How and what to feed your puppy is very well described in the aforementioned article N.V.Mamaevoy, but the amount of food for different breeds huskies should be somewhat less than that indicated in the article, the milk can be given more often, and marine fish should be cut from the bones, fins (except acute) and the head or all mince. With the rest of the recommendations can be fully agree.

After three months, the puppy should be gradually accustomed to the collar and leash. By the collar, as a rule, a puppy gets used quickly, but on a leash until he could not walk. Waters him on a leash, it is necessary first to follow him, as if trying to forcibly send it somewhere the puppy begins to balk, to jump up on his hind legs and tear from side to side, like a wild mustang. But it passes quickly, and he learns to walk on a leash. However, sometimes a little poartachitsya (such behavior is particularly characteristic of Karelian Bear Dog). Too raping them is not recommended, it is better to persuade with words. And all with a husky puppy as much as possible it is necessary to talk, to explain what to do to show, because it is now accomplished its basic training; in the future it will be necessary to add quite a bit. Working, Laika should like to understand what she should do. Note feature hunting husky, which is that in hunting it works completely independently: does not require any indication of the hunter, but usually does not obey them, except beckoning the whistle or command. Laika hunting works "on a par" with the hunter, and soon she was even the main hunting. With all their senses, it is an animal or a bird hunter and barking beckons, while making sure that the bird or beast are gone. Therefore, when growing puppy should not engage him in training, ongoing daily, hourly, and produce only a few, most important, essential to everyday life or hunting skills.

These skills, as mentioned above, refers to the command of underground dog. It is important and necessary team: it is necessary to beckon the dog at the end of the hunt for the taking on a leash; often have to withdraw it from the bark of the beast, when hunting, for example, in the autumn of upland game and when you can not shoot the animal, and it makes no sense; We have to recall the dog, which is aligned for elk or wild boar, which is not currently produced hunting, etc. But the recall should not forget that the command of the voice, whistle, horn, or in any other way, ran the dog should be encouraged delicacy in the form of crackers, dried, and if this is in your pocket was not, at least pat and praise for the quick approach. And so it is necessary to do in the course of the life of huskies. The dog should enjoy a meeting with the owner, then the command will be impeccable.

It is necessary for hunting aportirovka, ie the supply of game, especially water. This skill is required when hunting waterfowl, and other useful hunting. As a rule, from the Huskies are not required to file game with dry place up, but if this is accustomed, it is very helpful to, for example, caught up with the fleeing wounded animal grouse or got out to dry duck Husky not only caught up and strangled them, and brought owner. With regard to the hunting of duck, the dog is required to find a hit by the bird in the bush or on any water, and bring to the host. The minimum required of her to make a bird on a dry place, almost at the feet of the owner and put on the ground. If it is at the same time give the game up, it will be top class.

How to teach the husky to feed? First of all, it must be done while playing with a puppy, since the age of three. During the game should give up a favorite toy, and when the puppy will run after her and take to the teeth, to command, "Give!" or "Sic!", quickly come and to take a toy from the puppy's mouth, saying the command and reward treat. As a puppy treats for best use of training, slices of cheese at a later age - drying, crackers. The pieces should be small, as the saying goes, "one tooth", the dog is not fond of eating. Throw the toy should be two or three times, so as not to tire the puppy and not to force it was not firmly psyche. When the puppy grows up toy walking sticks can be replaced, and later to the stick is useful to tie duck wings to the puppy used to the fact that in his mouth is not only smooth, but the tickling. Still later ponosku with wings should be heavier to bear dog is used and rather heavy things.

Ponosku must first throw far away, in sight of the dog, and then teach it to look, throwing away in the grass, in the bushes. But all the time to remember that you can not overdo this. Two or three times in a row and ... enough. Better a few times a day, gradually than in a row, so as not to discourage the dog does not "fill her teeth on edge" and that it is always with great willingness to perform these exercises. And even when the dog will willingly and perfectly prodelyvat all, do not forget to reward her a tasty morsel, stroke and approve: "Good, good." For working off of this technique it is necessary to change the place of employment: the house, the yard, in the meadow, etc. Unfortunately, our laychatnikov not have the patience for such a class, which is a pity. This is half of success in working with the dog for duck. The second is to accustom the dog to the water.

Rarely what Laika very pleased to thrown into the water and swims. Normally it should be accustomed to it from puppyhood. And the first lesson is to not walk on the bypass occurring puddles and safely spank him on the right and lead the puppy. Maybe play with him some water to the puppy in a puddle went boldly without fear. And then it all depends on the time of year and the age of the puppy. Teach him to swim should be no earlier than six months he will be, but better - no earlier than eight months. Please shuffled with him in small places, then go deeper. In no case do not throw the puppy into the water in such a way only a dog can be frightening, and completely weaned from the water.

Some huskies immediately begin to sail safely, as, indeed, and must swim any wild animal. Other, more emotional, once in the water, begin to take the time to throw his front paws out of the water, and they slap on the water and splashed currently face. From unpleasant spray they raise their heads above the rear part thereof is omitted, and the dog as it starts to sink, that it is extremely unpleasant for the second time and she did not want to repeat this procedure. So if your in a hurry Laika, sprinkles himself go in the water there, put your hand on the water on a floating dog paws and do not let them throw it over the water. Just two or three lessons, and the dog will feel that it is easier not go throwing legs. Try to also teach the dog not to go into the water jump and quietly, while swimming will not be unpleasant.

Teach the dog to the water, you should first stroll with her finely ground, then the places where alternating deep and shallow areas. If the husky does not want to go, then you have to get away, she was forced to still follow the master, and choose those areas that it had no opportunity to go ashore and run around on the beach. For this irreplaceable small spills of small rivers, which the host passes in front of the dog and if it did not immediately follow him, then leaves with her eyes and hides, while watching a puppy and, if necessary, thwarting his attempts to escape back home or still somewhere. All this is done gradually. But if Laika well accustomed to submit ponosku, the best, taught her a little water and swimming ponosku throw into the water. First, in small place where it is not necessary to swim, and then away, but never forget to reward for the performance of yum-yum. Ponosku or stick thrown into the water, it is necessary to quickly move away from the water for five to six meters, and then continue to bring the dog to the owner of water taken from the object that is later brought the duck to the feet of the master. Even better, if you teach her to give up ponosku. To do this, at a time when a dog approaches her to the owner, it is necessary to quickly substitute a hand, take from the mouth of the dog ponosku immediately reward the very praise. Exercise prodelyvat no more than three times in a row.

There is also the so-called "Chasseurs" welcome to accustom the dog to swim and to supply with water. To do this, hold the starving dog, do not feed either on the eve or the day of work and lead to the pool. There she was in the water, throw a piece of dry bread on a small spot first, then deeper, then away, which already have to swim. And the dog first caution comes to water, takes a piece and eats, then more boldly, and then swims. So she gets used to swim and take with water. Later she throw a stick with a piece, and then without, and give the piece after it brought the water stick. The method described nataski a husky, usually not very greedy for food, not always successful, or whether the dog should be fed a very long time, but try it in combination with other techniques useful.

Husky accustomed to swimming, and subsequently to the filing with the water should be in the warm season, in the relatively warm water, and it is better in hot weather. Then the puppy would be nice to cool. Later, when the dog starts to work steadily for a duck, it will float for the game and knocked in the late autumn, often prolamyvayas crust of ice.

Before the opening of the duck hunting husky should be put in duck lands and introduce the smell of poultry. It can be wild ducks, and you can go on a special training station where the show decoy duck. The training and the testing of a duck is allowed to start three weeks before the opening of hunting. But if at that time prepared to bring a dog, then teach it to work on a duck is not difficult: the hunting instinct tells a dog that needs to be done. In severe conditions: thickets of sedge, cattail, reed, cane, on splavinah - with a dog can safely go on the hunt. In the same light conditions, ie when driving along the banks of the river, lake or oxbow lakes have a little workout. The fact is that in this case the dog can escape far ahead and lift the entire game is a shot of the hunter. So here the team will play its role "to me!" or another, to be followed by a dog that she ran away from the hunter. When working with a husky on a duck, and even hunting with her, do not forget to encourage her crunches or drying. Let not every time, but fairly regularly.

Schooling huskies water and swimming is very helpful when hunting waterfowl with her beasts: mink, otter.

The basic huskies considered for work on protein.

Laika, able to hunt squirrel, easily goes to work on the marten, sable, upland birds, pheasants. And only in the evaluation work on the protein can fully identify all the natural qualities of the dog, such as smell, hearing, sight, speed search, the attitude of the most characteristic proteins habitats, hunting for excitement, stamina, etc. On tests of huskies in the protein to assess the dog less influence chance. You can accidentally get a diploma for work on elk, deer, wild boar rarely, but occasionally a diploma on the tests of the protein did not get. There wider disclosed all the natural quality of hunting dogs and seen firsthand the work done by the hunter.

Begin to prepare the dog for hunting a squirrel should be approximately 4-5 months.

Not necessarily, but it is advisable to start training by teaching the dog to sit on command "Sit!". How to do it, it is written in all the manuals on training, but laychonok very quick-witted, and it is only two or three lessons, that he understood what he wanted. However, it is restless, so working off of this technique and its reinforcements have to deal with life. As at working feed intake should be repeated no more than two or three times in a row, each time reinforcing delicacy.

The convenient reception "sit" when nataske and then in practical hunting? First of all, the fact that it is useful when developing the proper behavior of the dog under a tree with a squirrel. Laika, who found the animal on the tree, it should bark, taking up a position from which she could well see a squirrel, if she tries to leave the bark of the tree to another. Therefore, at the approach of the hunter to the dog bark she must quickly move to the opposite side of the hunter, taking up a position with which she sees the animal, leaving at the approach of the hunter. The very same dog when barking should not be at the butt end of the tree, and even more so in the heat gets to the trunk legs. With such a position, is directly under the crown, she probably will not see the jump, and climb the Bole proteins to another tree. Well, if the protein will go on, then grabbed her husky listening and will follow the outgoing animals. But if the animal only move to the next tree, and there "zapadet", ie freeze without movement, the dog will lose it. Hunter and dog continue unsuccessful attempts to locate a squirrel on a tree bark, in the meantime, animal, little obsidevshis on nearby, quietly goes on. Therefore it is necessary at the outset to teach husky take the right position at the bark of a tree.

Most of huskies barking after a few breakaway followed by the uptake proteins themselves, from better, more convenient to monitor the animals. But the most excitable, emotional dog run up a tree, stand on its hind legs, put forward at the trunk, jump into a tree and may even have a snack lower branches. Thus they firstly frighten the animal, and it is hard or hides quickly leaves from the tree, and secondly, the dog in this situation and does not see the excitement and loses animal care. Here also helps the waste reception "sit."

When you move the dog from a tree hunter determines the best position to monitor outgoing squirrel and give the command "Sit!". As a result, Laika had to calm down somewhat and continue to bark while sitting on the ground. If the dog jumps on the hard wood or barking, being close at the trunk, the host must go, take the dog to a comfortable position for surveillance, or drive it away from the trunk and give the command "Sit!". Gradually get used to the dog bark or sitting or standing, but at some distance from the trunk, from a position which is convenient to monitor the outgoing animals.

When growing puppy and its preparation for the hunt is necessary to consider one more important detail, which in the future will be very helpful when nataske. While walking somewhere in the yard, and maybe in the woods since the four-month laychonkom should closely monitor its behavior. And if he suddenly became interested in pigeons and sparrows, and in the forest - a small bird, is to scare the bird and the puppy with interest starts to follow its flight, and in the city - for soaring up pigeons or sparrows, he should quietly say: "Watch, watch ! ", as if he still will give a voice to praise it:" Good, good! ". Thus, the puppy gets used to gradually raise your head up and keep track of what is happening up there. It is not necessary to conduct such experiments on a black, as if in the taiga on protein Laika not meet with these birds, in the vicinity of large cities such meetings are often, especially offensively, when it barking crow on tests. On the other hand, it is known to hunters as it is often difficult to raise husky head: the dog already knows the squirrel, barking her by smell, but persistently sniffing traces on the ground and does not see the outgoing riding animal.

All that was said in preparation for hunting squirrel, this acquisition husky preliminary skills that will facilitate nataska, their working out almost requires no special time and made passing while walking. Basic training also takes place in the forest, in a typical squirrel land. "

To exist protein needs specific combination of conditions. The highest density of the animals (the number of individuals per unit area) is observed in the zone of coniferous-deciduous forests, where neighbors spruce and pine, have linden, hazel (hazel), and in some places the oak. In these forests density proteins reaches not only the largest quantities, but often fall during its high strength. The presence of broad-leaved trees and hazel to help the little animals survive lean on the seeds of spruce and pine years and retain a high enough density. When the good crops of conifers number animals reaches a peak. Suitable for whites and conditions of southern taiga. It contributes to the well-being of the combination of proteins spruce and pine plantations, and forest clearings of irregularity in which more and more likely to bear fruit spruce and pine. A substantial irregularity is achieved through the agricultural development of the territory of the southern taiga. As the distance to the north, in the subzone of the middle and northern taiga, the density of proteins is reduced, the years with its high numbers are rarely the same depression (falling number) longer and deeper. The flood plains of large rivers, overgrown grove, proteins can inhabit all year oak forests, settling in hollows. When crop failure acorns they tend to migrate to the nearby pine forest.

Even before this nahazhivaniya huskies squirrel is very desirable to spend more time with the puppy in the woods. At first it is necessary to closely monitor, so as not to lose, as he still does not know how to navigate and to find the owner. This often must walk in the woods with no paths and trails that the puppy is not accustomed to run up and down the track. Such a negative habit can eventually lead to the development of straight-line search huskies, which is very irrational: the dog runs straight neobyskannyh many places, and the hunter have to make long empty transitions.

Puppy can take with you into the woods, when they go for berries and mushrooms, but you can not get carried away and forget about its existence, not to lose, and if something interested and give voice, be sure to all the classes to give up and find out the cause of the barking. If it is delayed, and take away unwanted barking. Do not teach your puppy bark urchins dig burrows of mice and voles. If he is barking bird, you can praise, saying "Next!" and easily sidetrack to bark birds do not become a habit. The more often and in more diverse forests will happen laychonok, the more confident he will work when he grows up.

In the forest, some puppies may be lucky and they will lift off the ground squirrel: squirrel in front of the puppy he reaches the tree and climbed on it. Typically, such a strong stimulus will not leave anyone indifferent laychonka. And if the age he is ready to get started, that is it for seven or eight months, that from that moment he may start barking independent. In an earlier age it is rare, more often - later. Such good moments are not all beginners huskies. However, it is believed that a young husky need to go and walk in the woods, in the squirrel lands, and sooner or later she hits a squirrel sitting on the ground and start to work. But this process can take a long time, especially if the animals a bit.

The most common method is applied nahazhivaniya young husky with old working dog, better mother. In this case, things go faster. A working dog is a protein begins to bark, the young, of course, resort to barking, trying to determine what the older barks, sniffs traces on the ground and met with the smell of proteins. As a rule, it is still little understood, and in this case it is very useful preparation. The task of the hunter or the owner remains the blows of an ax or batters stronut squirrel away, so she began to move, and it heard a young dog. Then by all means necessary to evict the animal, so he moved to the next tree. When the protein will run for the crown, the young dog should command "Watch, watch!" She raises her head and tries to see beyond what is necessary to watch, If you see and even bark, the case is almost done. If not, such procedures should be performed at each identified protein, perhaps even to the detriment of production. If a young Husky starts to bark at a squirrel and throw it on the wood, here and useful spent earlier skill "sit."

Sometimes we have to work with a young husky whole season, but she never learned to bark at a squirrel. In the best case will podlaivat after running dog. Do not despair. Everything is done with the dog in the woods, not wasted. All the knowledge, skills, accumulate, and one day find yourself a young husky and raids his first squirrel. It will be a real feast for the dog and for you. It is desirable that the protein to shoot. How and what should be done at the same time - a little further.

The most intensive way is to not build, and actively coaching huskies, which usually begins with the opening of hunting for squirrel. To do this, the hunter better together with a companion (generally hunt squirrel best together), is on the hunt with a working dog and takes a young husky. After a while the dog is running and barking squirrel. Animals should be as quickly as possible to detect and shoot, pre-running dog tied to the nearest tree. Well, if the protein will take a wounded animal, the eyes of the young he reaches the tree and begins to climb on it. If the dog did not have time to grab the animal, it urgently needs to finish. Warm extracted protein is necessary to tie a rope to the apex here cut twigs of birch, hazel or even any bushes or undergrowth. The longer the whip, the better, but we need him to be at least 4-5 meters. At this time, a young assistant catches husky (or, conversely, cuts down the whip and binds the protein, and the owner takes his young dog on a leash and led away that she had not seen the manipulation of beast). Squirrel on the tip of twigs drags on the ground 10-15 meters, bring to a tree, where it operates a dog barked, a little rub and leaning against a tree trunk twig with a squirrel at the end of this tree. Helper departs from the tree to the side. After this young dog is lowered off the leash and sent to the "potaska" make proteins. As a rule, young becomes interested after him, comes to a tree with a squirrel, he sniffs it, but rarely, if starts barking. At this time the assistant fits and starts wiggling quietly whip with a squirrel, drawing attention to it. The owner of a young husky stimulates her orders: "Watch, watch!" and if the dog looked up and saw a squirrel barked at her, then it should start working.

After that, the assistant takes a twig with a squirrel and animal moving quickly moves to another tree, forcing the young to follow the squirrel. At the same time the owner of all time, encourages the dog with the words: "Watch, watch, good!". And so from tree to tree, specifically touching spruce branches, drags protein, forcing the young to follow her, to watch and bark. But as will be seen by some tired dog when she begins to be distracted, to be stimulating it, throw a switch with a squirrel on the ground and give the dog to take the animal to the teeth and bite. You do not have to allow it to tear, squeeze, chew, and should be quickly selected, be sure to praise and giving a treat that should always be in your pocket for the promotion of both active and young husky. These procedures have a good day of hunting two or three times, alternating with a otstrelivaniem found proteins. This protein found almost every attempt to evict using strike batters in order to teach young husky surveillance, and training for running it is not harmful. The above-described testing of proteins with a young dog can perform, and one owner, without an assistant, but it will be harder.

When nataske Huskies need to pay much attention to perfect surveillance. Tracking leaving the squirrel - is the quality by which a dog can almost accurately locate the animals. Testing of surveillance is to enable the protein then the dog also actively pursue leaving marten, sable, departing capercaillie. That surveillance, tested on leaving the protein rather than the upland birds, gives the possibility to navigate properly. If husky first put on the hunt for upland birds, she begins to work almost immediately after the first encounter with the bird, and who does not bark when the noise soars grouse. Quite naturally, raising game, it rushes headlong for her, however, pretty soon losing. Later, when you try to monitor the outgoing squirrel, the first movement of huskies at the first jump animal - to jump ahead of him, but animal jumps to the next tree and often remain on it, Laika is accustomed to pursue flying away game, as a rule, far overshoots the tree and loses protein. The same can be observed after each subsequent jump proteins and when changing the direction of its movement. Admonition of the hunter held his squirrel dog jumping at every animal slips and loses sight of him. And straighten out such surveillance is extremely difficult. This does not happen if the dog originally accustomed to monitor outgoing proteins. It closely monitors her every move for a change of direction. And when working on upland game such Laika, first, of course, throws himself behind the departing birds, then stops and listens to her landing. Grouse sits on a tree with a noise experienced Husky captures the ear landing place; running back and re-barking bird. Here too the task of the hunter - silently and invisibly to come within range.

How to work out a good surveillance of protein? About azah this part of the work we have already mentioned, when the puppy accustomed to the team, "Next!" when departing Pigeons and sparrows. Then we have developed this ability when it was forced to follow the drags on the whip from tree to tree tied carcass proteins. Finally, at the beginning of each found hunting squirrel should strive stronut batters using an ax or (if the protein mobility) and try to get rid of the trees before you shoot it. This all means necessary to force the young husky follow outgoing beast by way of example running dogs of his own and teams "Watch, watch!". If a young Husky saw a squirrel in a tree, persistently does not depart from the tree even when the protein was gone out, it is not noticed, sometimes it is necessary to surveillance "drag" the young on a leash, forcing the beast to follow all the time showing her squirrel. Gradually young Husky gets used to actively monitor the outgoing beast in different conditions.

Many inexperienced hunters do not know how to work batters to evict protein. To do this, a hunter from the nearby tree bark dog trying to find not thick (diameter of 10 to 12 cm) flat Osinki, Olszyna birch or, in extreme cases, dry Christmas tree. It is cut down with an ax (ax in belchatnika should always be with you), cuts off the branches and top, leaving a smooth barrel length of 5 - 7 meters. Dragged her to a tree bark, put the top down to the base of the tree, and heavy butt end up, removes the butt of the tree of 1-1.5 m and a sharp kick hit the tree. Wood shakes and very often after the first shock protein or finds himself, changing location, or skips to the next tree. At this time, while there is a romp with the preparation of batters, assistant, taking the place from which it may be well to examine the crown, intently watching the crown to watch stronuvshuyusya noise protein. When will extortion proteins, it is particularly closely watching the tree shoots and protein detection, if it does not descend from the crown, or follow the fleeing trees beast, trying to send him shadowing a young dog. Typically, such an interesting nataske young husky accepted to work quite soon, but once it starts to actively podlaivat protein together with a working dog, it is sometimes necessary to take to the woods, alone, to develop independence in their work. Outputs husky running on the outputs should be alternated with a young. And always avoid walking on trails and paths.

We can not dwell on another important point - working out animal reception. On the hunt, and all the rules of the test is to quickly grab husky shoot the animal, bite and leave it in place. Hunter approaches and takes protein, with husky should be completely relaxed. Many hunters at the same time teach the dog to bite the head of a squirrel. To do this, first of shot the hunter tries to intercept the protein itself, to the dog, and took in hand, gives the dog bite the carcass of the head, the course of time without spoiling Laika skins. But first must generally teach the dog not to run away from the shoot a squirrel, do not tear it, and do not chew. Most of huskies and comes instinctively, but that at the first shooting should isolate another dog before shooting caught her on a leash and take aside, perhaps even tied to a tree to young Husky took a squirrel calmly, without fear that it will take away the other dog, if the young husky too recklessly and runs away from the animal, it is necessary to try to stop it with the command "Sit!". If the dog sits, the hunter comes up to her and, taking protein awards delicacy. But if the dog is so excited that it is not any team, then we have some time with the bark proteins to fish on a leash and only then shoot the animal, thus, holding the tip of the leash, not allowing a running back, when she grabs protein, it is necessary to prohibitive command of "Drop!", and then come up, squirrel away and give a treat. Pretty soon the young Husky begins calmly to shoot the squirrel, especially if it does not irritate the presence of other dogs.

If a hunter, the first time it is necessary to tie a young dog or squirrel shots, stepping on the end of the leash. With daily hunting during some of the time the dog begins to relate to the body proteins are quite easy, and the more proteins are shot, the more ordinary for a Husky reception becomes animal. Generally nataska young huskies must end hunting with her. Only during practical hunting young husky gaining experience, improving and eventually becomes the master.

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